Latest guidelines on how to implement the Competency Based Curriculum at Upper Primary School level

The Ministry of Education has released guidelines to schools on how to implement the Competency Based Curriculum, CBC, for upper primary; Grades 4, 5 and 6. According to the circular dated November 7, 2019 and written by Dr Belio Kipsang (The Education Permanent Secretary), All schools will roll out CBC in Upper Primary in January 2020 in Grade 4, followed by the roll out in Grade 5 in 2021 and Grade 6 in 2022. The Ministry has already rolled out the CBC for Early Years Education, EYE; Grade 1 to 3.

Here are the guidelines to all Primary schools; both public and private:

SUBJECT: COMPETENCY BASED CURRICULUM (CBC) ROLL OUT; IMPLEMENTATION GUIDELINES FOR UPPER PRIMARY GRADE (4,5 & 6)The Ministry of Education rolled out implementation of the Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) for Early Years Education (EYE), covering Pre-Primary 1 &2 and Grades 1 to 3 vide circular Rel: MOE/CONF/G5 of 2nd January 2019. All schools will roll out CBC in Upper Primary in January 2020 in Grade 4, followed by the roll out in Grade 5 in 2021 and Grade 6 in 2022.All schools are expected to plan for the roll out in Grades 4, 5 & 6 based on the following guidelines:
  1. Time allocation and lesson distribution;

  • There shall be eight (8) lessons in a day
  • Each lesson shall be 35 minutes
  • The lesson distribution per subject will be as tabulated below:

Upper primary-Regular

1Physical and Health Education5
4Kiswahili or Kenya Sign Language4
5Science and Technology4
6Social Studies3
7Home Science3
10Art and Craft2
11Indigeneous / Foreign Languages (German/ French/Aarbic)2
13Pastoral Program of Instruction (PPI)1
14Total Number of Lessons40

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2. Intermediate Level for Special Needs Education (SNE)

This is the second level in the stage-based Competency Based Curriculum for learners with special needs who carrot follow the regular curriculum. These include learners with the following categories of disabilities:
  • Severe intellectual disability;
  • Deaf-blindness;
  • Severe autism;
  • Severe cerebral palsy;
  • Multiple impairments;
  • Profound disability.

Lesson Distribution at Intermediate Level

  • There shall be six (6) lessons in a day;
  • Each lesson shall be 35 minutes;
  • The lesson distribution per subject will be as tabulated below:
1Communication, Social and Literacy Skills5
2Activities of Daily Living Skills5
3Religious Education2
4Sensory- Motor Integration3
5Environmental Activities3
6Numeracy Activities3
7Creative Activities; Art and Craft2
8Creative Activities; Music2
9Psycho-motor Activities5
10Total Lessons Per Week30

3. Special Notes

1Language PolicyEnglish shall be the language of instruction for all learning areas except for Kiswahili, Indigenous and foreign languages.
2Other LanguagesThe Ministry of Education in conjunction with the Teachers Service Commission will identify public primary schools that will offer foreign and indigenous languages. Detailed implementation guidelines for foreign and indigenous languages will be issued to the identified public primary schools.
3Home Science and AgricultureThese shall be allocated one theory lesson and a double lesson for practical activities.
4Science and TechnologyThis shall be allocated two single lessons and a double for practical activities.
5Physical and Health EducationThis will be timetabled every day for each grade and be activity oriented.
6Pastoral Programmes of InstructionShall be handled by a responsible member of a recognized religious faith within the school community and which is legally registered in Kenya.
7Co-Curricular ActivitiesAre a compulsory facet of the formal curriculum and should be implemented as recommended for all learners.
8Community Service- Learning ActivitiesOpportunities for Community Service Learning should be appropriately mainstreamed in all learning areas. Schools are expected to ensure that all learners participate in community service activities as guided in the curriculum designs.
9Parental Empowerment and EngagementLearning institutions should create opportunities for information sharing and involvement of parents/guardians in the implementation of CBC.
10Values Based EducationSchool should ensure core values are incorporated in the learning process across all the learning areas in Upper primary.
11Teacher Professional DevelopmentAll schools will timetable the last two lessons every Friday (5%) of teaching time for teacher professional development activities. During this period learners should be allowed to interact with digital devices, library work, radio and TV programmes aired by KICD.

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