Home Teachers' Resources KCSE HOME SCIENCE JOINT EXAMS (QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS)

KCSE HOME SCIENCE JOINT EXAMS (QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS)

DISTRICTS  SAMPLED AND COMPILED

  1. NDHIWA
  2. SOTIK
  3. KAKAMEGA CENTRAL
  4. NYAMIRA
  5. HOMABAY
  6. RACHUONYO
  7. MIGORI
  8. UGENYA/UGUNJA
  9. KISUMU WEST
  10. MATUNGU
  11. BUTERE
  12. KAKAMEGA EAST
  13. NYATIKE
  14. KHWISERO
  15. TRANS NZOIA WEST
  16. TRANSMARA
  17. KAKAMEGA NORTH
  18. MUMIAS

HOME SCIENCE

PAPER ONE

*KSM*

  1. Explain the role of sweat glands in the soiling of the body                (2mks)
  2. Identify any four main causes of accidents in the house                 (2mks)
  3. State any two characteristics of clothes made of fabric that develop static electricity             (2mks)
  4. Explain how living a relatively sedentary lifestyle can lead to obesity                 (1mk)
  5. State two qualities that make the run and fell (machine fell) seam suitable for making night dress
  6. Explain two precautionary measures to be taken when cleaning a painted wall
  7. Give two reasons why low heeled shoes are recommended for a pregnant woman             (2mks)
  8. Give four uses of fat in flour mixture                 (2mks)
  9. State the two main roles of garnishing in food presentation                          (2mks)
  10. Identify linen using burning test                  (3mks)
  11. Give reasons for using the following processes during garment construction                         (2mks)

(a) Basting

(b) Trimming

  1. Identify any six factors that may affect normal foetal development             (3mks)
  2. Define the term food fortification                                                                                         (1mk)
  3. State any two dangers of misusing drugs             (1mk)
  4. State any two factors that affect the efficiency of a detergent             (2mks)
  5. Define the term ‘hue’ as used in colour             (1mk)
  6. State any function of riboflavin             (2mks)
  7. What are two disadvantages of credit buying             (2mks)
  8. Mention any two preparations to be made before carrying out a family wash             (1mk)
  9. Suggest two reasons for using smoking in garment construction             (2mks)
  10. Give two reasons for having a plan for spending the money available to a family (2mks)
  11. What are the two forms of “malnutrition”             (1mk)
  12. You have visited your aunt who is sick

(a) Wash and treat her loose coloured cotton bed sheets                                                      (10mks)

(b) Clean a pair of stainless steel cutlery she will use                                                          (5mks)

(c) Clean her tooth brush                                                                                                       (5mks)

  1. (a) State five factors that affect individual nutrient requirement             (5mks)

(b) State five factors to consider when packing meals                                                        (5mks)

(c) State six ways of ensuring that a sleeve is well set                                                        (6mks)

(d) Suggest for advantage of blending wool with nylon                                                       (4mks)

  1. (a) Giving four examples explain why some nutritional disorders are referred to as

lifestyle related                                                                                                                 (4mks)

(b) Discuss five precautionary measures to take when using frying as a method of cooking (5mks)

(c) Explain five ways in which consume can protect herself from being exploited                         (5mks)

(d) With the aid of diagram explain the procedure of working out wide tucks                    (5mks)

  1. (a) State five factors to consider when choosing fastenings                         (5mks)

(b) State five precautions to take when using kerosene as a fuel                                        (5mks)

(c) Discuss five points to consider when selecting lighting fixtures                                               (5mks)

(d) State five qualities of a well constructed piece of furniture                                           (5mks)

 

 

*MGN*

  1. Explain why dump dusting is better than dry dusting in a sick room
  2. Mention any two results of lack of vitamin C in the diet
  3. Give any two factors to consider when making a choice of accessories for an evening

Part

  1. State two disadvantages of concealed drainage system
  2. Mention two uses of (dhania) coriander leaves in cookery
  3. What is the reason for giving a teething baby a hard object to bite on
  4. State two qualities of a good soup
  5. Give two areas in a garment where top stitching is done
  6. Mention one way in which each of the following articles is given special treatment

(i) Tray cloth

(ii) Baby Napkin

  1. Mention two advantages of blending cotton and nylon fibres
  2. Give two methods of credit buying
  3. Outline three points to consider when choosing a work surface in the kitchen
  4. Give one reason for kneading yeast dough
  5. Write down any two reasons why it’s important to eat raw carrots
  6. State three qualities to look for in a pair of cutting out scissors
  7. Give two ways in which a mother can infect her new born baby with HIV/AIDS virus
  8. Outline two reasons for snipping curved seams
  9. Name three types of immunization given to children before their first birthday
  10. Give two reasons for disposing of waste properly
  11. (a) Explain the procedure of sweeping a cemented floor

(b) Give the procedure of cleaning an enamel plate

  1. (a) Describe any three types of meal service

(b) Supporting your answer with four reasons, give a most suitable fabric for an institutions

bed linen

(c) Give four ways in which scarcity of time would affect a consumer

(d) With two specific examples, give three uses of permanent stitches

  1. (a) Give the systematic order of placing bedding items when preparing a baby’s cot

(b) Explain three desirable qualities of ironing board

(c) Give three characteristics of a well- made dart

(d) Your house is experiencing frequent black outs. Explain how you would clean a hurricane

lamp in readiness

  1. (a) Breast milk is the best option for any new baby. In which ways would a lactating mother

improve supply of breast milk to her baby? (Give five points)

(b) State five points to consider when giving general care to all the clothes

(c) Explain five rules to observe when fixing fastenings

(d) Discuss five factors that influence consumer buying

 

*KKC*

  1. Outline three forms of food service (3 marks)
  2. State three reasons for interfacing collars             (3 marks)
  3. State two properties which make asbestos suitable for theatre curtains and protective clothing
  4. State two factors that influence choice of a method of controlling fullness             (2 marks)
  5. State three characteristics of a good French seam (3 marks)
  6. List down four methods of neatening an open seam (2 marks)
  7. Mention three positive effects of advertisements to a consumer (3 marks)
  8. State two important rules to observe when darning (2 marks)
  9. Give three factors determining the choice of color in a sitting room (3 marks)
  10. Explain three rules to observe during stain removal             (3 marks)
  11. Mention four points to observe when packing meals             (4 marks)
  12. State three principles of wise buying (3 marks)
  13. Identify three dangers of weaning the baby when it is too late (3 marks)
  14. Give two reasons why common salt is iodized (3 marks)
  15. State four disadvantages of using charcoal when cooking (2 marks)
  16. a) Launder cotton blood stained sheet (7 marks)
  17. b) Describe how to occasionally clean a gas lamp (4 marks)
  18. c) Give the procedure for cleaning two Aluminium cups (5 marks)
  19. d) Explain briefly how you can carry out spotting on a woolen skirt             (4 marks)

 

  1. a) Describe how run and fell seam is made on the side of a cotton skirt (8 marks)
  2. b) State four functions of tucks in garment construction (4 marks)
  3. c) With the aid of a diagram, describe the making of gathers before attaching to the waist band

 

  1. a) Explain points to consider when choosing flowers for flower arrangement (5 marks)
  2. b) Describe the procedure of cleaning a wooden polished table surface (7 marks)
  3. c) List four ways of enhancing personal appearance             (4 marks)
  4. d) Explain four ways of encouraging a child to play             (4 marks)

 

  1. a) State six points to consider when choosing and preparing weaning foods             (6 marks)
  2. b) Give three desired qualities of a deep frying pan (3 marks)
  3. c) State five reasons for preserving foods (5 marks)
  4. d) Explain six dietary needs of an elderly person (6 marks)

 

 

 

*MAT*

  1. List four fat soluble vitamins
  2. State two possible causes of anaemia
  3. Give two points to look for when buying spinach
  4. State two effects of strong heat on proteins
  5. State two disadvantages of suing left over foods
  6. State two forms in which laundry soap is found in the market
  7. Give the steps of removing chewing gum stain from a garment
  8. Mention the three areas (centres of work that make up the work triangle in a kitchen
  9. Suggest two measures to take immediately nose bleeding occurs
  10. List two improvised abrasives in the home
  11. Identify three tacks that are carried out only during special cleaning of a bedroom
  12. Mention two dangers of heavy smoking during pregnancy
  13. Give four methods of advertising
  14. State two reasons why cotton fabrics are popular for the table linen
  15. Give two reasons why silk is expensive
  16. State three qualities of a good tape measure
  17. Give three reasons for a needle freaking during machining
  18. Give two reasons why press studs are not suitable for use in children’s garments

 

  1. (a) You are arranging dinner for your two friends, describe how to carryout the listed chores.

(i) Thoroughly clean a stained melamine cup you will use

(ii) Starch a previously laundered cotton tray cloth using boiling water starch

(iii) Thorough cleaning the terrazzo kitchen floor

  1. (a) Mention four ways of improving maize meal porridge

(b) Explain three precautions to take when using an oven to bake cakes

(c) Explain six factors to look for when selecting a frying pan

(d) Explain four uses of carrot in cookery

  1. (a) Identify two fibers in each case wet the properties listed below;                        

(i) Stronger when wet

(ii) weaker when wet

(iii) elastic

(iv) luctious

(iv) Flakes with a yellow flame

(b) Describe the procedure of taking the following body measurements

(i) hips

(ii) Inside arm length

(iii) Couch

(c) Using diagram, describe the procedure of preparing a straight collar without interfacing

ready for attachment

  1. (a) Discuss four desirable qualities of a good clothes line

(b) Explain five ways of disposing of refuse in the home

(c) Explain five factors to consider when selecting an electric coon

(d) Giving a reason in each case, state three factors to consider when wearing a baby

  1. (a) Explain three preparations to make on a sewing machine in readiness to stitching

(b) Describe the procedure of making a single pointed dart

(c) Explain four points to consider when selecting clothes for a short plump figure

 

 

*MUM*

  1. Mention any three classes of stain removers used in laundry work
  2. State two uses of facings in garment construction
  3. State three uses of eggs in flour mixtures
  4. Give any two precautions measures to take when using dry cleaning fluid
  5. What is the cause of swelling of body tissues that is symptomatic of kwashiorkor
  6. Name any four common groups of people that are usually affected by anaemia
  7. List three functions of water in the bodies of human beings
  8. Define the term essential Amino acids correctly
  9. Why are there more than usual numbers of Tuberculosis victims in today’s

societies than in the past (i.e. after the 80’s than before)

  1. What is the work of a thermostat in an electric iron box
  2. What are the following parts of an enclosed drainage system ?
  3. a) Water closet:
  4. b) Man hole
  5. c) Septic tanks
  6. State three general causes of poor sanitation
  7. Give two advantages of frying as a method of cooking
  8. State any two common problems that may afflict a pregnancy before its full term
  9. Give two reasons why the double stitched seam is commonly used on children’s

garments

  1. Explain two methods or ways in which the body can gain immunity to help resist

disease attacks

  1. Give two advantages of using carpets in the home
  2. State two reasons why wooden surfaces in the home need finishing
  3. List four points to look for when buying cabbages
  4. State two measures to take in order to control the incidence of bed sores in bed

ridden invalids

  1. Your friend is celebrating her seventeenth birthday and you are to help in the preparations.

Describe how you would:

  1. a) Launder her loose coloured cotton dress that she is going to wear that afternoon
  2. b) Explain how you will thoroughly clean the cemented floor in the living room to be used
  3. a) A doctor diagnosed pellagra in a foreign student. Briefly describe two symptoms he might

have noticed that were affecting his patient

  1. b) Explain any two common faults often encountered in the making of yeast based mixture

products

  1. c) Explain one disadvantage of advertising
  2. d) With aid of a labeled illustration describe how to make an overlaid seam
  3. a) Explain three causes of dental caries
  4. b) Explain one main difference between inter facing and interlining
  5. c) With the aid of clearly labeled diagrams describe how to work and make a box pleat
  6. d) Explain four factors to consider before choosing a method for mending a tear in the

fabric of an item to be laundered

  1. a) Explain four points to consider when weaning a baby
  2. b) Explain two types of play to which growing children are normally exposed AND

mention one benefit and one demerit in each case

  1. c) State four reasons or ways in which a consumer needs protection from negative market

effects

  1. d) Draw a simple illustration and state the main function of each of the following

tacking stitches

  1. i) Tailors tacking:
  2. ii) Fishbone tacking:

iii) Basting:

*KKC*

  1. Outline three forms of food service (3 marks)
  2. State three reasons for interfacing collars (3 marks)
  3. State two properties which make asbestos suitable for theatre curtains and protective clothing
  4. State two factors that influence choice of a method of controlling fullness             (2 marks)
  5. State three characteristics of a good French seam (3 marks)
  6. List down four methods of neatening an open seam (2 marks)
  7. Mention three positive effects of advertisements to a consumer (3 marks)
  8. State two important rules to observe when darning (2 marks)
  9. Give three factors determining the choice of color in a sitting room (3 marks)
  10. Explain three rules to observe during stain removal             (3 marks)
  11. Mention four points to observe when packing meals             (4 marks)
  12. State three principles of wise buying             (3 marks)
  13. Identify three dangers of weaning the baby when it is too late (3 marks)
  14. Give two reasons why common salt is iodized (3 marks)
  15. State four disadvantages of using charcoal when cooking (2 marks)
  16. a) Launder cotton blood stained sheet (7 marks)
  17. b) Describe how to occasionally clean a gas lamp (4 marks)
  18. c) Give the procedure for cleaning two Aluminium cups (5 marks)
  19. d) Explain briefly how you can carry out spotting on a woolen skirt             (4 marks)
  20. a) Describe how run and fell seam is made on the side of a cotton skirt (8 marks)
  21. b) State four functions of tucks in garment construction (4 marks)
  22. c) With the aid of a diagram, describe the making of gathers before attaching to the waist band
  23. a) Explain points to consider when choosing flowers for flower arrangement (5 marks)
  24. b) Describe the procedure of cleaning a wooden polished table surface (7 marks)
  25. c) List four ways of enhancing personal appearance             (4 marks)
  26. d) Explain four ways of encouraging a child to play             (4 marks)
  27. a) State six points to consider when choosing and preparing weaning foods             (6 marks)
  28. b) Give three desired qualities of a deep frying pan (3 marks)
  29. c) State five reasons for preserving foods (5 marks)
  30. d) Explain six dietary needs of an elderly person (6 marks)

 

*TNW*

  1. Why is figure type an important factor to consider in choice of your clothes?             (2mks)
  2. What is the importance of learning first aid?                                                                                    (2mks)
  3. Which laundry processes are carried out before washing a fast- coloured cotton shirt? (2mks)
  4. Differentiate between tear and wear             (2mks)
  5. Give two reasons  as to  why  steel  wool  is  not suitable  for  cleaning  plastics             (2mks)
  6. Name two main methods of purchasing goods and services in Kenya             (2mks)
  7. What are the advantages of dry cleaning?             (2mks)
  8. State two ways of minimizing wastage of detergents when washing             (2mks)
  9. Give any two uses of running stitches             (2mks)
  10. How can one identify the warp thread in the absence of the selvedge?             (2mks)
  11. Which factors make meat dry and tough after roasting             (2mks)
  12. State three points to bear in mind when making seams on under wears             (3mks)
  13. Define the following terms as applied to meal??????
  14. Give one flavouring that is suitable for salads             (1mk)
  15. State two points to consider when selecting the baby’s layette             (2mks)
  16. Differentiate between complementary and supplementary feeding                         (2mks)
  17. Why is management of fullness important             (3mks)
  18. Give two uses of vinegar in cooking                         (1mk)
  19. Your father is to facilitate a very important seminar. Explain how to:
  20.  a) Dry clean his tie                                                                                                                (5mks)
  21. b) Finish his cotton shirt                                                                                                        (5mks)
  22. c) Clean the leather bag be will use                                                                                       (5mks)
  23. d) Clean a  pair of  shipper  he  will use                                                                                (5mks)
  24. a) Giving examples in e ach case explain  three  changes  that take place in  a dough

during  the frying   of mandazi                                                                                         (6mks)

  1. b) Give four faults that could occur in cooking of mandazi                                                             (4mks)
  2. c) Explain four nutritional needs of an adolescent                                                               (8mks)
  3.  d) Explain four qualities of a well made vegetable salad                                                    (2mks)
  4. a) Explain three points to consider when using a sewing  machine                                         (6mks)
  5. b) Mention six stitches used during the blouse/shirt construction from cutting to readiness (3mks)
  6. c) Explain the procedure followed in preparation of around patch pocket ready for attaching (6mks)

 

  1. a) Explain two positive  and  two negative effects  of  advertisements  on  the consumer        (4mks)
  2. b) What precautions would one take when using kerosene                                                   (4mks)
  3. c) Explain five advantages of breast feeding                                                                                    (5mks)
  4. d) What five problems could result to a baby during weaning                                             (5mks)
  5. e) Give two reasons for labelling products                                                                           (2mks)

 

 

*NDW*

  1. State the importance of sebaceous glands in relation to a healthy skin                             (1mk)
  2. State two qualities that make aluminium popular for household utensils (2mks)
  3. Give a reason why nylon is unsuitable for sports wears (1mk)
  4. Mention two uses of dhania (coriander) leaves in cookery             (2mks)
  5. Mention two advantages of blending cotton and nylon fibers (2mks)
  6. State any two reasons why a child’s growth monitoring is important (2mks)
  7. List four laundry processes that are harmful to woolen fibres and in each case state the

harm caused

  1. State three ways of providing variety in meal planning and management (3mks)
  2. State two factors to consider when choosing where to buy vegetables (2mks)
  3. Give two qualities of a good advertisement                                           (2mks)
  4. Explain three ways of economizing fuel when using electricity for cooking (3mks)
  5. Explain two reasons for using interfacing during garment construction     (2mks)
  6. Identify three methods of finishing the edges of sleeves other than using a cuff (3mks)
  7. State three reasons for labeling products in a factory (3mks)
  8. State two precautions to be taken to prevent bed sores when taking care of the sick persons

at home

  1. List two uses of lamp shades             (2mks)
  2. State two factors to consider when planning lighting for various rooms in the home (2mks)
  3. Differentiate between advancing and receeding colours (2mks)
  4. Give two reasons why most women in the rural areas are less groomed (2mks)

 

20        a) Describe the correct procedure of laundering nylon dress                                               (8mks)

  1. b) Describe the correct procedure of cleaning white canvas shoes without shoe laces          (7mks)
  2. c) Give the correct procedure of cleaning two aluminium cups (5mks)

21        a) Mention two uses of butter in the home                                                                              (2mks)

  1.  b) Identify four major nutrients found in butter                                                                     (4mks)

c)i)Describe four changes that  takes place when heating butter                                                   (4mks)

  1.  ii) Name four main groups of fats giving an example for each                                          (4mks)
  2. d) Explain three considerations to make when selecting a storage facility for butter              (6mks)
  3. a)Outline four tests undertaken at the clinic to an expectant mother in the  first month of

pregnancy                                                                                                                            (4mks)

  1. b) Describe two supplementary foods for a baby                                                                    (2mks)
  2. c) Explain two benefits of supplementary food                                                                      (4mks)

d)i)Explain  four reasons why  a mother may be unable to breast feed

  1. ii) Explain four points on care of play items (2mks)
  2. a) Explain four properties of viscose rayon which are undesirable (8mks)
  3. b) Suggest four features that can be used to finish a nigh dress decoratively                         (4mks)
  4. c) Give three reasons for   ironing a night dress during construction                                             (3mks)
  5. d) Explain five desirable qualities of an iron box                                                                   (5mks)

 

*RCH*

  1. State the importance of sebaceous glands in relation to a healthy skin             (1mk)
  2. State two qualities that make aluminium popular for household utensils             (2mks)
  3. Give a reason why nylon is unsuitable for sports wears (1mk)
  4. Mention two uses of dhania (coriander) leaves in cookery                                  (2mks)
  5. Mention two advantages of blending cotton and nylon fibers             (2mks)
  6. State any two reasons why a child’s growth monitoring is important (2mks)
  7. List four laundry processes that are harmful to woolen fibres and in each case state

the harm caused                                                                                                                     (2mks)

  1. State three ways of providing variety in meal planning and management             (3mks)
  2. State two factors to consider when choosing where to buy vegetables (2mks)
  3. Give two qualities of a good advertisement             (2mks)
  4. Explain three ways of economizing fuel when using electricity for cooking             (3mks)
  5. Explain two reasons for using interfacing during garment construction             (2mks)
  6. Identify three methods of finishing the edges of sleeves other than using a cuff             (3mks)
  7. State three reasons for labeling products in a factory             (3mks)

 

  1. State two precautions to be taken to prevent bed sores when taking care of the sick persons

at home                                                                                                                                    (2mks)

  1. List two uses of lamp shades             (2mks)
  2. State two factors to consider when planning lighting for various rooms in the home             (2mks)
  3. Differentiate between advancing and receeding colours (2mks)
  4. Give two reasons why most women in the rural areas are less groomed             (2mks)
  5. a) Describe the correct procedure of laundering nylon dress             (8mks)
  6. b) Describe the correct procedure of cleaning white canvas shoes without shoe laces          (7mks)
  7. c) Give the correct procedure of cleaning two aluminium cups (5mks)
  8. a) Mention two uses of butter in the home             (2mks)
  9. b) Identify four major nutrients found in butter                                                                             (4mks)

c)i)Describe four changes that  takes place when heating butter                                                    (4mks)

  1. ii) Name four main groups of fats giving an example for each                                                     (4mks)
  2. d) Explain three considerations to make when selecting a storage facility for butter                  (6mks)
  3. a)Outline four tests undertaken at the clinic to an expectant mother in the  first month

of pregnancy                                                                                                                       (4mks)

  1. b) Describe two supplementary foods for a baby                                                                           (2mks)
  2. c) Explain two benefits of supplementary food                                                                             (4mks)

d)i)Explain  four reasons why  a mother may be unable to breast feed

  1. ii) Explain four points on care of play items                                                                          (2mks)

23 .      a) Explain four properties of viscose rayon which are undesirable                                        (8mks)

  1. b) Suggest four features that can be used to finish a nigh dress decoratively                                  (4mks)
  2. c) Give three reasons for   ironing a night dress during construction                                            (3mks)
  3. d) Explain five desirable qualities of an iron box                                                                          (5mks)

 

*KKE*

  1. Why is comfort an important factor to consider during the choice of cosmetics (2mks)
  2. What observation should you make when cleaning a house? (2mks)
  3. What is the difference between drainage and refuse disposal (2mks)
  4. Green vegetables should be blanched before freezing. Give three reasons why (3mks)
  5. State any two vaccines that every child should receive (2mks)
  6. State ways of preventing insect bites and stings in an environment (2mks)
  7. Give three uses of facing in garment construction (3mks)
  8. Which factors influence the rise of prices of commodities in the market? (2mks)
  9. Which precautionary measures should one take to prevent food spoilage during storage? (2mks)
  10. Identify two kitchen equipment that occupy small space and are easy to store (2mks)
  11. Explain two functions of water in the body (2mks)
  12. Suggest two points to ob serve when cooking beef (2mks)
  13. State two nutritional needs of adolescents (2mks)
  14. State two reasons why bicarbonate of soda is not popular used in flour mixtures (2mks)
  15. Explain how food can be preserved at home without refrigerator (2mks)
  16. List three classes of convenience foods (2mks)
  17. State the effects of insufficient/light pressure exerted by the pressure foot during stitching (2mks)
  18. Give properties that make linen suitable for making kitchen clothes
  19. State two qualities of a well made patch pocket (2mks)
  20. In the space provided, sketch two pattern marking that will assist in laying of pattern (2mks)
  21. You are taking care of an aunt who is recovering from n infection disease:
  22. a) Explain how you could launder a white cotton bed sheet (14 mks)
  23. b) Describe how you would clean a plastic basin she has used in the room (6mks)
  24. a)Mention three methods used to coat before frying(3mks)
  25. b) State 4 ways of improving appetite when presenting food at the table (4mks)
  26. c) Discuss general points to observe when drying meat (3mks)
  27. d) Discuss five important points to observe when planning meals for the elderly (10mks)
  28. a)State three ways of transferring pattern markings(5mks)
  29. b) State five advantages of home based care of the sick (5mks)
  30. c) Giving reasons, explain 5 rules to observe when removing stains (10mks)
  31. a) explain three roles of play in child development (3mks)
  32.       b) Give five qualities of a well made cuff (5mks)
  33. c) With the aid of a well labeled diagram, describe how to make machine fell seam (7mks)
  34. d) Describe how you would clean your wooden locker (5mks)

 

*STK*

1          Define the term hue as used in home science                                                                                    (1mk)

  1. Give two Ways in which the studying of home science benefits an individual             (2mks)
  2. Give two functions of a colander as kitchen equipment
  3. Sate four basic instructions on the use of medicine             (2mks)
  4. Name two types of accidents that can cause fractures            (2mks)
  5. State two points to consider when choosing a toilet brush.                        (2mks)
  6. Why are clothes dampened before ironing?             (1mk)
  7. Give three precautions to take when cleaning wooden surfaces           (3mks)
  8. State three qualities to look for when buying a sauce pan                                        (3mks)
  9. Give three uses of eggs in flour mixtures             (3mks)
  10. Give two different methods of identifying linen as a textile fibre             (2mks)
  11. List four decorative methods of disposing off fullness in a toddlers dress             (2mks)
  12. Give two causes of needle breaking when machine stitching             (2mks)
  13. Suggest two reasons why a French seam is suitable for fraying fabrics             (2mks)
  14. Give two points on the importance of consumer education to a consumer .                         (2mks)
  15. State three factors that will affect the efficiency of a laundry soap                         (3mks)
  16. (a) State two reasons for using tucks on children’s clothing                         (2mks)

(b) Identify any four factors that may affect normal foetal development                            (2mks)

  1. Explain two advantages of home-based care of the sick.             (2mks)
  2. You are taking care of your sister who is recovering from an infectious skin disease

(a) Giving reasons in each case, explain the procedural steps you would take to launder her

woolen shawl                                                                                                                           (10mks)

(b) Thoroughly clean her white canvas shoes with laces                                                          (6mks)

(c) Explain the steps you would take in cleaning her stained melamine cup                                (4mks)

  1. (a) Discuss five danger signs of pregnancy                         10mks)

(b) Explain four points to consider when buying hand sewing needles                                      (4mks)

(c) Give two common faults and their causes in each of the following flour mixtures.

(i) A coarse open texture in rubbed –in cakes                                                                 (2mks)

(ii) Heavy and close texture in creamed cakes                                                                (2mks)

(iii) Hard and tough pastry                                                                                               (2mks)

  1. (a) With the aid of three clearly labeled diagrams, explain the working of a lapped seam (8mks)

(b) Explain the functions of each of the following:-

(i) Balance wheel                                                                                                              (1mk)

(ii) Bobbin case                                                                                                                 (1mk)

(iii) Pressure foot lifter                                                                                                     (1mk)

(c) Explain four qualities of a good cutting out shears                                                         (4mks)

(d) (i) Explain three points of  importance of care labels                                                    (3mks)

(ii) Give two undesirable properties of nylon                                                                 (2mks)

  1. (a) Explain five changes that occur when cooking ugali using maize flour             (10mks)

(b) Define the following terms as used in home science. Give an example in each case:-

(i) Food fortification                                                                                                         (2mks)

(ii) Food vehicle                                                                                                                (2mks)

(iii) Food supplements                                                                                                      (2mks)

(c) Explain four factors that influence consumer buying                                                     (4mks)

© SIJE- 2010                                                      Form 4     Home science 441/1                                                                        End

                                                                                          4

 

 

*STK2*

  1. Give two economical ways of disposing refuse.             (2mks)
  2. Define the term descaling as used in home science             (1mk)
  3. Using an example in each case list three types of drainage             (7mks)
  4. Give two use of a mangle             (2mks)
  5. Name the three categories under which clothes should be sorted out in laundry work (3mks)
  6. Name two inexpensive sponging solutions             (2mks)
  7. Define the term natural immunization             (2mks)
  8. Give two major functions of vitamin K (phylloquinone)                                                 (2mks)
  9. Explain two effects of cooking on vitamin C (ascorbic acid)                                     (2mks)
  10. Give two differences between weaning and supplementary feeding                                     (2mks)
  11. Define the term medicine as used in home science                                                             (2mks)
  12. State two precautions to take when using grease solvents                                                 (2mks)
  13. (a) What is valeting in home science?

(b) Explain it’s importance                                                                                                    (1mk)

  1. List three processes through which sodium s lost in the body                         (3mks)
  2. List three methods of neatening an overlaid seam                                                             (3mks)
  3. Give two reasons why consumer education is caught in schools                                     (2mks)
  4. (i) Which is the most important meal for the day?                                                             (1mk)

(ii) Give a reason for your answer                                                                                         (1mk)

  1. You’re preparing to entertain visitors in our birthday party.

(a) Sponge your aunties woolen coat to be worn on the day                                                 (10mks)

(b) Launder your white cotton blouse with chewing gum stain                                            (6mks)

  1. (a) Explain four principles of conserving nutrients while preparing vegetables             (8mks)

(b) Explain five major functions of advertisements                                                             (5mks)

(c) Explain five factors to consider when renting a family house                                        (5mks)

(d) Give two uses of salt in the house                                                                                               (2mks)

  1. (a) Describe how to make a machine fell seam at the shoulders of a blouse                         (8mks)

(b) Mention four ways of watering an open seam                                                                 (2mks)

(c) Mention three types of beriberi. Give three differences between any two types you’ve

listed above                                                                                                                     (6mks)

  1. (a) Explain five social needs of an expectant mother                         (10mks)

(b) Explain five points to consider when choosing personal clothes                                                (10mks)

 

 

 

PAPER TWO

*NYR*

  1. A pattern of a child’s dress is provided. You are advised to study the sketch and the layout before you begin the test.

            MATERIALS PROVIDED

  1. PATTERN PIECES:-                                                                                                     

A         Dress Front

B         Dress Back

C         Sleeve

D         Sleeve binding and ties

E         Sleeve opening facing

F          Front neck facing

G         Back neck facing

  1. Plain light weight fabric 60cm long by 91cm wide.
  2. Sewing thread to match the fabric colour
  3. One large envelope

           

THE TEST                                                                                                                            

Using the materials provided, cut out and make the LEFT HALF of the child’s dress to show the     following:-

  • The joining of the front to back bodice at the shoulder line using a neatened open seam.
  • Making a French seam at the sides of the front and the back
  • Joining the front and back neck facing with a neatened open seam
  • Neatening the outer edge of the joined neck-facing
  • Using the prepared facing to neaten the neck-line of the dress bodice
  • Preparation of the sleeve opening facing
  • preparation of the faced slit opening on the sleeve
  • Attachment of the binding sleeve ties onto the sleeve
  • Making of the French seam on the sleeve
  • Attaching the sleeve on the bodice. DO NOT NEATEN THE SEAM.

At the end of the examination, firmly sew onto your work, on a single fabric, a label bearing your   name and the index number. Remove the needle and pins from your work. Then fold and place it

in the envelope provided. Do not put scraps of material  in the envelope.

VIEWS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*MGN*

A pattern of a girl’s blouse is provided. You are advised to study the sketches, instructions and layout carefully before you begin the test.                                                                                                             *MGN*

MATERIALS PROVIDED

  1. Pattern pieces for the blouse             *MGN*
  1.             –           BODICE FRONT
  2.             –           BODICE BACK
  3.             –           BACK NECK FACING
  4.             –           ARM HOLE BINDING STRIP
  1. Light weight plain cotton fabric 45cm long by 90cm wide.                         
  2. Sewing thread to match the fabric
  3. One large envelope

 

THE TEST                                                                                                                                              

Using the materials provided, cut out and make the LEFT HALF of the blouse to show the following processes;

  • Working of the front bodice double dart
  • Making a French seam at the shoulder
  • Making a neated open seam on the side of the blouse
  • Joining the back neck facing to the front facing and neatening the free edge
  • Attachment of the facing to the neckline and under stitch
  • Neatening the armhole using a binding strip
  • Cutting the marked tear on the back bodice and repairing it with hand darning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*KSM*

A pattern of a child’s blouse is provided. You are advised to study the sketches instructions and the layout carefully before you begin the test.

Materials provided:-

1 pattern pieces

  1. A. – bodice front
  2. B. – bodice back
  3. C. – sleeve
  4. D. – cuff
  5. E. – front facing
  6. F. – back facing
  7. G. – patch
  8. H. – straight strip
  9. Plain lightweight cotton fabric 45cm long by 90cm wide.
  10. Cotton sewing thread to match the fabric.
  11. One button (shirt) with to holes
  12. One envelope.

 

 

 

THE TEST

Using the material provided cut out and make the left half of the blouse to show the following processes:

(a) Making of the waist dart

(b) Working of the calico patch

(c) Working of the shoulder seam to make French seam

(d) Making the side seam using an open seam.

(e) Working of continuous wrap opening

(f) Preparing an attaching the cuff on sleeves

(g) Preparing and fixing the neckline facing

(h) Attaching the sleeves on to bodice

(i) Slip hemming the back bodice lower hem

(j) Working of buttonhole and attaching of the shirt button.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LAYOUT NOT DRAWN TO SCALE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N/B: X represents the hole to be patched.

 

 

 

 

 

*KKC*

  1. A pattern of a child’s dress is provided. You are advised to study the sketches, instructions and the layout  carefully before you begin the test.                                                                           *KKC*

MATERIALS PROVIDED

  1. Pattern pieces for the dress

A         –           Dress front

B         –           Dress back

C         –           Pocket

D         –           Front facing

E          –           Back facing

  1. Plain light weight cotton fabric 55cm long by 90cm wide
  2. Sewing thread to match the fabric
  3. One large envelope

           

THE TEST                                                                                                                            

Using material provided, cut out and make the LEFT HALF of a child’s dress to show the          following

  1. Working of a shoulder dart
  2. The joining of the shoulder seam using a French seam
  3. The joining of the side seam using a plain seam
  4. The preparation of the patch pocket
  5. Fixing of the patch pocket on to the garment
  6. The joining of the front and the back facings at the shoulder. Neatening the outer edge of the facing
  7. Attaching of the facing at the neckline of the dress. Understitching the seams
  8. Hem the lower Bodice using slip hemming stitches

At the end of the examination, firmly sew onto your work, on a single fabric a label bearing your   name and index number. Remove the needle and pins from your work, then fold your work neatly             and place it in the envelope provided. Do not put scraps of fabric in the envelope.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*RCH*

  1. MATERIALS PROVIDED
  1. – Skirt front
  2. – Skirt back
  3. – Front yoke
  4. – Back yoke
  5. – Collar
  6. – Front neck facing
  7. – Back neck facing
  8. – Frill

N.B Interfacing for collar is cut with pieces from the same fabric

 

  1. Light weight cotton fabric 70cm by 91 cm wide
  2. Sewing cotton thread to match the fabric
  3. An envelope

 

 

THE TEST

Using the materials provided, cut out and make the left half of a child’s dress as shown in the sketch below to give the following;

  1. The attachment of the back yoke to the back skirt using an overlaid/ seam
  2. The attachment of front yoke to front skirt using an overlaid seam
  3. The working of a open seam at the shoulder
  4. The preparation of an interfaced collar
  5. The neatening of the free edge of the facings
  6. The attaching of the collar using the facings
  7. The making of a French seam at the side of the dress
  8. The preparation of the frill. Use inverted pleats
  9. The attaching of the frill to the skirt front only using neatened open seam ( use loop stitches)

At the end of the test, remove all the pins, loose hanging threads and attach your name, index number on a single layer of fabric. Fold your work neatly with the label on the top most and put them inside the envelope provided.

A

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*MUM*

  1. A pattern of girls skirt is provided. You are advised to study the sketches the question paper and the layout carefully before you begin the test

MATERIALS PROVIDED                                                                                            

  1. Pattern pieces:-
  2. Skirt front
  3. Skirt back
  4. Pocket
  5. Pocket facing
  6. Front waist band
  7. Back waist band
  8. Light weight plain cotton fabric 60cm long by 90cm wide
  9. Zip (13 cm long)
  10. Sewing threads match the fabric
  11. One large envelope

THE TEST*MUM*

Using the materials provided cut out and make the RIGHT HALF of the skirt below to show

the following processes:

  1. Making the back dart
  2. Facing of the pocket mouth
  3. Preparation and attachment of the pocket
  4. The preparation of the gathers on the skirt front piece
  5. The making of a neatened open seam at the side – below the opening
  6. The attachment of the zip using concealed method
  7. The preparation of un-interfaced waist bands
  8. The attachment of the waist band to the skirt pieces and preparation of the tie ends
  9. Edge stitching the hem and holding down using running stitches (do not hem)

At the end of the examination firmly sew onto your work, on a single fabric, a label bearing your name and index number. Remove the needle and pins from your work, then fold your work carefully and place it in the envelope provided. Do not put scraps of fabric in the envelope.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*KKE*

A pattern of a girls dress is provided. You are advised to study the question paper, sketches, instructions and layout carefully before you begin the test.

 

MATERIALS PROVIDED

  1. Pattern pieces for the dress:

A         -Dress front

B         -Dress back

C         -Sleeve

D         -Sleeve binding and ties

E         -Sleeve opening

F          -Front neck facing

G         -Back neck facing

H         -The collar

  1. Plain light weight cotton fabric 80cm long by 90cm wide
  2. Sewing thread to match
  3. One large envelope

 

THE TEST

Using the materials provided, cut out and make up the right half of a child’s dress to show the following

  1. a) The making of a French seam at the shoulder
  2. b) The making of a neatened open seam at side
  3. c) The preparation of the sleeve opening
  4. d) The joining of the underarm seam using a neatened open seam
  5. e) The preparation of the interfaced collar
  6. f) The preparation of the front and back facing.
  7. g) The joining of the collar to the neckline using the facings.
  8. h) The binding of the lower edge of the sleeve and preparation of the tie ends
  9. i) The preparation and attachment of the sleeve.

 

 

N/B Do not trim or neatened the armhole seam allowance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*NDW*

A pattern of a boy’s pair of shorts is provided. You are advised to study the sketches, the question paper and the layout before you begin the test.

 

  1. MATERIALS PROVIDED
  2. A. Shorts front
  3. B. Shorts back
  4. C. Waist band
  5. D. Fly and opening facing
  6. E. Fly binding.

 

  1. Light weight cotton fabric of 70cm long by 90cm wide
  2. Cotton sewing thread to match the fabric
  3. One large envelope

 

 

 

THE TEST

 

Using the provided materials cut out and make up the LEFT LEG of the shorts to show the following:

 

  1. The making of the back dart
  2. The facing of the short
  3. The preparation of the fly
  4. The lining of the prepared fly with the attached facing
  5. The neatening of the raw edges if the fly together with the facing using the bias binding
  6. The fixing of the fly in position by top stitching.
  7. The joining of the side seam using a plain seam (not open) and neatening half of it
  8. The joining of the inner-leg seam using a neatened open seam.
  9. The preparation and attachment of an interfaced waist band
  10. The preparation and slip-hemming of half of the hem (i.e. from side seam to inner leg only)

 

 

At the end of the examination, firm sew on to your work, on single fabric a label bearing your name and index number. Remove the needle and pins from your work.  Then fold your work carefully and place it in the envelope provided. Do not put scraps of materials in the envelope.

 

BOY’ S SHORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*STK*

A pattern of a girl’s blouse is provided. You are advised to study the sketches, instructions and layout carefully before you begin the test.

 

MATERIALS PROVIDED

  1. Pattern pieces for the blouse
  1. BODICE FRONT
  2. BODICE BACK
  3. BACK NECK FACING
  4. ARM HOLE BINDING STRIP
  1. Light weight plain cotton fabric 45cm long by 90cm wide.
  2. Sewing thread to match the fabric
  3. One large envelope

 

THE TEST

Using the materials provided, cut out and make the LEFT HALF of the blouse to show the following processes;

  • Working of the front bodice double dart
  • Making a French seam at the shoulder
  • Making a neated open seam on the side of the blouse
  • Joining the back neck facing to the front facing and neatening the free edge
  • Attachment of the facing to the neckline and under stitch
  • Neatening the armhole using a binding strip
  • Cutting the marked tear on the back bodice and repairing it with hand darning
A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PAPER THREE

 

*KKC*

  1. THE TEST                                                                                                 *KKC*

Your parents are away on a journey and you are expected to make breakfast for yourself and two         visitors who have just arrived in the wee hours of the morning

Use the foods given below to come up with a balanced breakfast

INGREDIENTS

  • Wheat flour
  • Eggs
  • Baking powder
  • Sugar
  • Milk
  • Maize flour/ millet flour
  • Oranges
  • Salt
  • Fat

 

*NYR*

            INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES                                                                                

  1. Read the test carefully
  2. You are advised to spend not more than thirty minutes for planning
  3. Recipe books may be used for planning

            THE TEST                                                                                                                            

You are getting ready to go back to school after the December, holidays. Using the ingredients      provided prepare cook and serve:

  • A one-course lunch for you and a friend
  • A baked tea item to carry to school

            PLANNING SESSION                                                                                                         

Make a rough order of work to include:

  1. List of dishes
  2. List of food stuff and equipment you would require
  • Order to work

            LIST OF INGREDIENTS                                                                                                    

  1. Meat/chicken/peas
  2. Rice
  3. Cabbage/sukuma wiki
  4. Tomatoes
  5. Onions
  6. Sugar
  7. Salt
  8. Self rising flour/flour + Raising Agent
  9. Carrots
  10. Cooking oil/fat

 

*KSM*

Your younger sister is celebrating her 10th birthday and your mother has asked you to help her in some preparation for the party. using the ingredient listed below, prepare and serve one sweet and one savoury item suitable for passing round in addition include a suitable beverage

  • Eggs
  • Fruits in season
  • Sugar
  • Sausages
  • Self raising flour
  • Margarine
  • Fat/oil
  • Milk
  • Salt
  • Sultanas/mixed peel/grated rind of lemon

 

PLANNING SESSION (30MINUTES)

PRACTICALS 1 ¼ HOURS)

Read the test carefully and proceed as follows:-

  1. Write the ingredient and recipes your shopping list, your list of requirements on separate sheet of paper using carbon paper to form duplicate copies.
  2. Write a time plan to guide your work in duplicate copies.
  3. Text books and recipes may be used but constant reference to them during practical and planning

session should be avoided

  1. Write your name and index number on your plan and your entire list. After planning assemble your

duplicates and originals separately remove shopping list from duplicate to be used to purchase your

requirement.

At the end of the examination hand in both your question paper.  Original and duplicate time plans with separate shopping list to the examiner

 

 

 

*MGN*

            THE TEST                                                                                                                

You are left with our brother at home. Using the ingredients listed below, cook and present a two course breakfast for the two of you

Ingredients

  • Fruit in season
  • Margarine
  • Tea leaves
  • Bread
  • Eggs
  • Sugar
  • Tomatoes
  • Milk
  • Fat
  • Seasoning

            PLANNING SESSION: 30 MINUTES                                                       

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and use carbon paper to make duplicate           copies then proceed as follows:-

Identify the dishes, then write down their recipes

Write down you order of work

Make a list of the food stuffs and equipment you will require

 

*NDW*

TEST

Your cousin is visiting you over the weekend for an overnight stay. Using the ingredients listed below prepare, cook and server a complete breakfast for the two of you.

 

Ingredients

  • Margarine
  • Tomatoes
  • Eggs
  • Fruits in season
  • Finger millet/sorghum flour
  • Fat/oil
  • Salt
  • Tea leaves
  • Milk
  • Bread

 

PLANNING SESSION (30MINUTES)

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and use carbon paper to make duplicate copies then proceed as follows:

 

  1. Identify the breakfast then write the recipes
  2. Write down your order of work
  3. Make a list of the food stuff and equipments you will require.

 

*MAT*

THE TEST

Your parents are coming for lunch, using the ingredients listed below, prepare cook and present a two course meal for two.

  • Rice (spaghetti/ macaroni/ wheat flour/potatoes
  • Fat/oil
  • Salt
  • Tomatoes
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits

PLANNING SESSION                                                                                                               

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below:

Make duplicate copies then proceeds as follows;

  1. Identify the dishes (write down their recipes)
  2. Write down your order of work
  3. Make a list of the foodstuffs and equipment you will require.

 

 

*RCH*

THE TEST

Your elder brother has just recovered from severe malaria attack. Your mother has asked you look after him while she is away.

Using the ingredients listed below, prepare, cook and serve a two course lunch for both of you. Include a nutritious drink

 

INGREDIENTS

Beef/ Eggs

Onions

Tomatoes

Cooking fat/ oil

Sugar

Fruit in season

Salt

Rice/ Wheat flour/ maize flour

Milk

Green leafy vegetables

PLANNING SESSION

Use a separate sheet of paper for each task listed below and use carbon paper to make duplicate copies then proceed as follows;

  1. Identify the dishes and write down their recipes
  2. Write down your plan/ order of work
  3. Write a shopping list of the food stuff that you will require and a list of equipment

 

 

 

*KKE*

 

THE TEST

 

You are a day scholar who stays with your grandmother and you carry packed lunches to school. Using the ingredients provided, prepare, cook and serve.

 

  1. i) One course supper for both of you.
  2. ii) Include a nutritious drink.

 

  • Liver/beef/green grams
  • Green bananas/rice
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Tomatoes
  • Onions
  • Cooking fat/oil
  • Salt
  • Garlic
  • Sweet pepper
  • Corrianda
  • Spices
  • Oranges
  • Pineapples
  • Mangoes

 

PLANNING SESSION 30 MINUTES

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and a carbon paper to make duplicate copier.

 

Then proceed as follows:

1) Identify the dishes and write down their recipes.

2) Write down your order of work.

3) Make a list of the food stuffs and equipment you will require.

 

 

*MUM*

 

THE TEST

You are traveling to a neighbouring province to visit your friend during the holidays. Using the ingredients listed below, prepare, cook and pack a suitable snack for two to be eaten on the journey. Omit baking method

 

  • Ground nuts/eggs
  • Fruits in session
  • Baking powder
  • Wheat flour
  • Milk/water
  • Eggs
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Margarine
  • Oil/fat
  • Carrots

 

Planning session – 30minutes

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and a carbon paper to make duplicate copies.

Then proceed as follows:

  1. Identify the food items used and write down their recipes.
  2. Write down your order of work.
  3. Make a list of the food stuffs, material and equipment you will require.

 

 

*STK*

You are expecting your friend for lunch. Using the ingredients listed below, prepare cook and present a one course lunch and a nutritious drink for the two of you.

 

Ingredients

Plain wheat flour

Beef

Green leafy vegetables

Fruit in season

Salt

Cooking fat

Tomatoes

Onions

Capsicum

Sugar

Rice/macaroni/spaghetti

 

PLANING SESSION   (30 MINUTES)

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and use a carbon paper to

make duplicate copies then proceed as follows:-

 

  1. Identify the dishes then write down their recipes
  2. write down your order of work
  3. make a list of foodstuff, equipment and materials that you will require

 

 

*TNW*

THE TEST

You are expecting your friend for lunch. Using the ingredients listed below, prepare, cook and present a one lunch and a nutritious drink for the two of you.

Ingredients

  1. Plain wheat flour/rice
  2. Beef
  3. Green leafy vegetables
  4. Fruit in season
  5. Salt
  6. Cooking fat
  7. Tomatoes
  8. Onions
  9. Capsicum
  10. Sugar
  11. Milk

 

PLANNING SESSION (30 MINUTES)

Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and use a carbon paper to make duplicate copies then proceed as follows:-

 

  1. Identify the dishes then write down their recipes
  2. Write down your order of work
  3. Make a list of food stuff, equipment and materials that you will require.

 

 

*STK2*

THE TEST

You are hosting your two friends who came on an overnight stay in your home. Using the ingredients listed below, prepare, cook and present a well balanced full breakfast for the three of you.

 

Ingredients:-

  • Baking flour
  • Baking powder
  • Eggs/liver/kidney
  • Cooking fat/oil /margarine
  • Bread/sweet potatoes/arrow roots
  • Lettuce/cucumber/tomatoes/onions
  • Drinking chocolates/tea/coca
  • Sugar
  • Milk
  • Salt

 

PLANNING SESSION- 30MINUTES

Use a separate sheet of paper for each task listed below. Use carbon paper to make duplicate copies.

  1. Identify the dishes and write down their recipes
  2. Write down your order of work
  3. Make a list of foodstuff and equipment you will require

 

*STK 3*

PLANNING SESSION – (30 MINS)

You are taking care of your 10yr old nephew who is recovering from malaria. Using the ingredients listed below, prepare, cook and present;

  • A one course lunch for both of you.
  • Include of refreshing drink.

Ingredients

  • Meat/eggs
  • Rice/spaghetti/macaroni
  • Cabbage/kales/spinach
  • Passion/orange/pineapple fruit
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Cooking fat/oil
  • Tomatoes
  • Potatoes
  • Onions
  • Capsicum
  • Carrots
  • Dhania
  • Royco

 

Planning session (30mins)
Use separate sheets of paper for each task listed below and use carbon paper to make duplicate copies then proceed as follows;

  1. Identify the menu, then write down the recipes.
  2. Write down the order of work.

Make a list of the equipment and foodstuff you will require to carry out the practical

 

 

ANSWERS

PAPER ONE

*KSM*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*MGN*

  1. -To avoid blowing dust into the air.
  • To prevent cross infection.
  • So that dust particles in the air cannot spread germs.
  1. – Swollen gums with weak capillaries that bleed easily.
  • Blood in he stool and urine due to ruptured capillaries.
  • Unhealthy skin.
  • Slow healing of wounds.
  • General weakness of the body.
  1. -The style.
  • The colour.
  • – Material i.e. metal, shiny etc.
  1. -Can only be used where there is supply of piped water.
  • Are expensive to install.
  • Maintenance may be expensive if carelessly used especially when plumbers have to be

            engaged in unblocking sinks and drains or replacing broken fitting.                  

  1. -Decorative purposes.
  • Adding flavour.
  1. – Strengthen the teeth as they come out.
  • Exercise the jaws.
  • To ease discomfort.      
  1. -Should have skin on the surface.
  • Right in consistency.
  • Well flavoured.
  • Not oily on the surface.
  1. -Waist band.
  • Hem
  1. i) Tray cloth
  • By starching.

(ii)  Baby Napkin

– By boiling or disinfecting.                                                                                      (2 x 1 = 2 mks)

  1. Mention two advantages of blending cotton and nylon fibres.             *MGN*

            Fabric made is:-

  • Light in weight.
  • Crease resistant.
  • Becomes absorbent.
  • Not attacked by moth.
  • Does not attract static electricity.       (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  1. Give two methods of credit buying.             *MGN*
  • Hire-purchase.
  • Use of credit cards.
  • – Simple non-installment credit. (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  1. – Height
  • Smoothness
  • Source of light
  1. -Kneading divided\s the gluten strands and spreads them evenly through the mixture, holding carbon dioxide produced during the fermentation process.                        
  2. –Exercise the teeth.
  • Get all the nutrients it contains because cooking destroys some. (2 x 1 = 2mks)
  1. -Should be made of stainless steel / Rustless.
  • Should be sharp.
  • Firmly fixed or hinged.
  • One blade should be pointed.
  • One end should be curved.
  • Comfortable handles with one hole large enough for two or more fingers. (2 x 1= 2mks)
  1. -Through breast feeding.
  • When giving birth.
  1. -To smoothen the edge.
  • For shaping the curve.
  1. -BCG. – Given at birth.

            DPT – Given at 6, 10 14 weeks respectively.

            Yellow Fever  and Measles – Given at 9 months .

            Vitamin A capsule – Given from age 6 – 9 months.

  1. Give two reasons for disposing of waste properly.             *MGN*
  • To prevent thee environment degradation.
  • To prevent breeding of disease causing organisms.
  • To prevent the spread of communicable diseases.
  • To prevent environmental pollution.

(c) State the method of dry cleaning a polyester tie                                                             *MGN*

  1. (a)-Collect necessary equipment and material. (1)
  • Move all the moveable furniture to one side. (1)
  • Close all the windows and doors (1)
  • Sweep from the furthest and to the door. (1)
  • Keep head of broom down and stand behind the broom. (1)
  • Sweep methodically. (½)
  • Gather all the dust together and collect and dispose. (1)
  • Rearrange the furniture and open the window and door. (½ )
  • Dust all the surfaces. (½ )
  • Clean used equipment (½ )       

(b)Procedure of cleaning an enamel plate.

  • Use warm soapy water. (1)
  • Clean using sponge or soft cloth/ sisal fibre. (1)
  • Rinse thoroughly (½) in warm water (½ )
  • To remove dirt and soap traces. (1)
  • Dry completely (½ ) before storage to avoid rusting. (½ )       (5 mks)

            (c)Methods of dry cleaning a polyester tie.

  • Work in a well ventilated place away from flames. (1)
  • Shake the article to be dry cleaned. Thoroughly to remove loose dirt. (1)
  • Pour an adequate amount of dry – cleaning liquid in a small basin. (1)
  • Immerse the tie, knead and squeeze until clean. (1)
  • Squeeze out as much of the liquid as possible. (1)
  • Hang the tie to dry in an airy place. (1)
  • When the sediments have settled out the bottom of the basin holding the sediment, pour back in the storage can. (½ )
  • Press the tie. (½ )                                                                                                                             
  1. (a)Describing any three types of meal service.             *MGN*

            Blue plate service.

  • Food served on an individual plate and the family member can eat anywhere.

 Self Service

  • Different dishes are cooked and placed on the table and the diners serves themselves and eat while either seated at the table or standing.

Family Service

  • Cooked dishes placed on the table and people serve themselves what they want to eat while seated.

Buffet Service

  • Food served on a large table and plates and cutlery are neatly arranged at one end.

            (b)Supporting your answer with your reasons, give a most suitable fabric for an institutions bed

linen.

COTTON FABRIC

  • Its absorbent, cool and comfortable, light and durable.
  • Withstands high temperatures, cheap, attractive. (2 x 2 = 4 mks)

             (c)Give your ways in which scarcity of time would affect a consumer.

  • Deprives consumer from comparative shopping.
  • Prevent consumer from setting the right goals or commodity.
  • Prevents the consumer from purchasing items.                   (4 mks)

            (d)With two specific examples give three uses of permanent stitches.

            -To join two or more pieces of fabric together e.g. Running stitches Back stitches, oversewing     and others.

  • To neaten raw edges to prevent them from fraying and make edges look smart e.g. items, over casting, loop stitches.
  • Decorative stitches meant to add beauty to design e.g loop stitch, chain stitch etc.
  1. (a) Give the systematic order of placing bedding items when preparing a baby’s cot. *MGN*
  • Place the under blanket R.S. up & wide hem towards head side.
  • Place markin tosh in the middle.
  • Place under bed sheet R.S up to cover markin tosh & tuck.
  • Place top blanket R.S down.
  • Place down the sheet over the blanket & tuck both sides.
  • Put the bed spread (bed cover).

(b)Five desirable qualities of ironing board.

  • Height can be adjusted.
  • Board is padded, making ironing easy and comfortable.
  • Ironing board has a heat proof mat attached for placing iron.
  • Most of them are sold with sleeve board for ironing sleeves and children’s garment.
  • Stand steadily on their own.
  • Can be folded easening storage.

            (c)Five characteristics of a well made dart.

  • Should taper gradually to a point.
  • Should be of correct length and width.
  • The stitching line should be straight.
  • Should be firmly secured at the point.
  • – Should be pressed towards the right direction.                   (5 mks)

             (d)Cleaning a hurricane lamp.

  • Protect the working surface.
  • Remove glass and wipe gently with a soft cloth/ tissue.
  • Weep the inside of the metal chimney to remove soot.
  • Trim the wick if necessary.
  • Wipe the burner and other metal parts.
  • Refill the reservoir with enough oil.
  • Wipe off any split paraffin.
  • Replace the glass and keep the lamp ready for use.
  1. (a)Ways in which a lactating mother would improve supply of breast milk to her baby. *MGN*
  • Mother taking in nutritious and adequate fluids for milk production.
  • Eating a well balanced diet but rich in calcium, energy and protein.
  • Adopt a positive attitude towards breast feeding the baby in a relaxed and free atmosphere.
  • Massage and clean breasts with warm water to stimulate milk production.
  • – Avoid stress and stressful situations when feeding the baby.       (5 mks)

        (b)Five points to consider when giving general care to all the clothes.

  • Make fastening secure before they become loose.
  • Strengthen openings at the base so that they do not tear readily.
  • Neaten raw edges if a seam is likely to fray.
  • Sew hanging loops onto jackets, coats and skirts.
  • Keep clothing clean and free from dust e.g. regular washing and dusting.
  • Brush outer garments before putting them away and mend if necessary.
  • Press clothes regularly.
  • Use hangers whenever possible.
  • Remove brooches and other ornaments before putting away clothes.
  • Do not allow perfumes and deodorants harmful to clothes to come into conduct. (5 mks)

            (c)Five rules to observe when fixing fastenings.

  • Must be sewn on double fabric for support and strength.
  • They must be sufficiently distributed.
  • Should be evenly spaced to avoid gaping.
  • Many are sewn on after the opening has been made and pressed.
  • Must be well aligned so that the opening can lie flat when closed.
  • Buttons should not protrude beyond edge of the opening.

       

(d)Five factors that influence consumer buying.

Income limitation

  • If income is low, it is a serious struggle to meet basic necessities without proper planning.

Prices

  • When prices change, the various allocations in a budget are affected.

Substitute goods

  • g. use of butter and margarine interchangeably in order to cut down on cost.

Complementary products.

  • Where one needs to be used with another e.g. a shoe polish and shoe, sugar and bread etc.
  • Limitation of time and energy.
  • Availability of a product within a given time.
  • Availability of product with urban and rural and vice versa.
  • Age of the family.
  • Change in customs and traditions.
  • Social status.

 

 

 

*KKC*

 

  1. Food service. (3 mks)

            – Plate

            – Buffet

            – Family table service.

            – Tray / trolley service.

  1. Interfacing collars. (3 mks)

            – Stiffen.

            – Prevent stretching or sagging.

            – Give body or shape,

            – Increase crease resistance.

            – Obtain a good knife – edge.

  1. Asbestos suitable. (2 mks)

            – Non- inflammable

            – Resistant to chemicals, insects and microbes.

 

  1. Choice of controlling fullness.

            – Effect desired.

            – Type of fabric.

            – Body figure – figure type of person.

  1. Characteristics of a good French Seam. (3 mks)

            – All raw edges closed.

            – Straight stitches.

            – Seam allowance width uniform.

  1. Neatening an open seam. (4 x ½ = 2 mks)

            – Overcastting stitches.

            – Using over lock.

            – Using pinking hears zig zag cuts.

            – Using loop stitches.

  1. Effects of Advertising to a customer.             (3 mks)

            – Entertaining

            – Creates employment of advertising .

            – Creates competition among producers.

            – Information – creates awareness of goods and services to customers.

  1. Darning             (2 mks)

            -Use darning needle for the fabric being darned.

            – Darn on the wrong side.

            – Avoid stretching or pulling fabric while working.

            – Loops of threads should be left.

  1. Choice of colour in a sitting room.

            – Size of room.

            – Effect desired.

            – Personal taste.

            – Orientation of the room.

  1. Rules to observe during stain removal.

            – Removed when still fresh.

            – Identify the kind of stain and type of fabric to get suitable stain remover.

            – For unknown stain start with milder stain removals.

            – Rinse the article well to remove traces of reagent.

            – Work outside towards inside – prevent spreading

 

  1. Packing meals.

            – Each type of food packed separately.

            – Each soups and hot drinks in flasks.

            –  Pack fruit juices in plastic bottles.

            – Salads be packed in polythene bags and plastic containers.

            – Put all foods for the packed meals in a large container such as a bag or plastic basket.

  1. Principles of wise buying.

            – Set goals and priorities.

            – Prepare budget.

            – Suitability of item.

            – Durability of item.

            – Versability of item

            – Attractive in colour and design.

            – Shopping list preparation.

            – Shopping list preparation.

            – Interpret advertisement.

  1. Dangers of late weaning.

            – Child becomes malnourished.

            – Child refuse to accept new foods.

            – Deficiencies due to lack of extra nutrients.

            – Baby growth slow and development.

  1. Salt iodized.

            – Avoid deficiencies 

            – Supply iodine not food in other foods.

  1. Disadvantages of using charcoal.

            – Dirty

            – Not properly burned produce smoke.

            – Not readily available in some areas.

  1. (a) Cotton blood stained sheet.

                        – Soak the sheet in cold water (1) to remove the blood stain.

                        – Wash it thoroughly using friction method in cold water. (1)

                        Procedure for washing

  • Soak in cold water (½) for less than 12 hours.
  • Wash in hot water. (½)

                   Using friction method. (½)

  • Rinse in hot water. (½)
  • Final rinse in cold water. (½)
  • Add jik to the final rinse or laundry blue to brighten the garment or boil it. (1)
  • Iron while still damp with a hot iron.
  • Air (½)
  • Fold and store. (½)                                                (8 mks)
  • Use of curtains.

– To filter light.                                                          1mk for each

– For privacy

– Decorative purposes.                                              

– For comfort

–  For screening widows at night or during the day.

            (c)       Give the correct procedure – Aluminium.

                        – Soak in jik to remove stains. (1 mk)

                        – Wash them using a scoring pad in warm water. (½)

                        – Rinse in warm (½)water one at a time (½)

                        – Final rinse in cold water. (1)

                        – Drip them. (1).

                        – Dry with a piece of clothe. (1).

                        – Store it well (½)                                                                                                       (5 mks)           (d)       SPOTTING – WO                              

                        – Use warm water. (1)

                        – Use a piece of cloth as pad. (1)

                        – Dip in clean soapy water and rub on the stained are hem to remove dirt and other

                      areas. (1)

– Work on all areas with stain (1)

– Air                                                                                                                            (4 mks)

  1. (a) Run and fell seam

                        – Place the fabric together wrong sides facing and fitting matching. Pin and tack along

                        fitting line.                                                                                                                 (1 mk)

  • Remove pins and machine along the fitting line. (½)
  • Remove tacking and press. (½)
  • Trim back turning to 6 mm and front to 12mm. (½)
  • Fold over the front over to the back to form the fell. (1).
  • Press the fall to lie on the back of the garment. (½)
  • Tack and machine close to the fold through the three layers. (1)
  • Remove tacking and press the completed seam. (½)

                        (b)       Functions of tucks.

                        –     Decorative.

  • Serve as styles feature.
  • Used on blouses, night dresses and mothers wear.
  • Children’s garment to give room and take extra lengths on children garment.
  • Reduce fullness.       (4 mks)

            (c)       Making of Gathers

            – Working by Hand Running stitches. (1)

            – Begin with Hand knot to secure the thread then work first row running stitches. (1)

            – Work second row running stitches, 6 mm from the fitting line. 1 mk

            – Leave the thread hangings at the end of the row of running stitches. (1)

            – Work second row of running stitches and leave the thread hangings at the end. 1mk.

            – Pull both the thread ends together to draw up the fabric until the required size is achieved. 1 mk.

– Wind the Hanging threads round a pin, forming a figure 8 and secure the gathers. 1

  1. a)Choosing flowers.

            Choose fresh flowers.            (1)

            Make sure the foliage is clean. (1)

            Avoid choosing flowers in bloom. (1)

            Avoid choosing scented plants (1) because people may be allergic (1).

            Choose a mixture of feat and pointed. (1)                                                   (5 mks)

  1. b)

            Wooden polished table surface.                                                                    (7 mks)

             Dust surface table thoroughly.

            Clean with cloth wrung out (1) warm soapy water with cloth wrung out of clean water. (1)

             Apply polish sparingly on the surface and old piece of cloth. (½)

            Rub in circular movement that overlap. (1). Ensure that it is evenly distributed on the

            surface and no polish is fed into open cracks. (1 mk)

            Shake the spray polish container hold it 6 inches away from the surface and spray sparingly.        Leave it for ten minutes to enable the polish to set for easy  shining  buying immediately.

            Use soft pad to buff in a circular motion.                                                                (4 mks)

            (c)Personal appearance                                                                                                        (4 mks)

            Care of body.

            Wearing clean and appropriate clothes.

            Keep the hair neat and well groomed.

            Use cosmetics, body creams and deodorants properly.

            Use jewelry and accessories properly.

            (d)Child play.                                                                                                             (4 mks)

            Provide plenty of room.

            Allow for independence by encouraging a child to do things.

            Encourages responsibility it is good for every child to have possessions.

            Provide child with play things or tags.

            Parents and older children take some time and play with small children.

            Child should be dressed in clothing which does not restrict playing.

  1. (a) Six points to consider when choosing and preparing weaning foods;-

                        – Balanced with first class protein, milk being the main food.

                        – Food should be easy to chew and digest i.e soft food.

                        – Foods should not be strongly seasoned hence avoid spices in foods.

                        – Fats and oils should be used minimally in their foods.

                        – Scare foods in small quantities.

                        – Foods should be cooked and served in a hygienic (clean) environment.

                        – Milk should be an important part of the diet.

            (b)       Three desirable qualities of deep frying fat.

                        – Should have a pleasant flavor.

                        – Should have a high smoking point.

                        – Should not solidify on cooling.

            (c)       Preserving food:

                        – Stop multiplication of micro-organisms which produce toxins harmful to human

                            health.

                        – Neutralize the action of enzymes which can cause food deterioration.

                        – Make food available for use when out of season.

                        – Stop wastage in bumper harvest when the yields are more than can be consumed.

                        – Maintain freshness and retain nutrients.

                        – Protect it from contamination by bacteria and other disease causing micro-organism.

                        – Retain as many qualities of  fresh food as possible e.g. flavour, colour, texture and

  nutritional value.

            (d)       Dietary needs of an elderly person.

                        – Balanced diet with normal amounts.

                        – Rich in body building foods like vitamins to boost the generating immunity as changes.

                        – Less energy giving foods.

                        – Non-fatty and non-greasy foods as they have weak digestive systems when may not be

                          able   to digest fatty foods.

  • The food should be soft, palatable and easy to chew.
  • Provide foods rich in mineral salts like calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine and vitamins A, B, C and D to strengthen their softening bones.
  • Serve in small amounts and at regular intervals.

           

 

            *MAT*

  1. List four fat soluble vitamins                                                                                                 *MAT*

Fat soluble vitamins

  1. State two possible causes of anaemia                                                                                 *MAT*
  • Loss of blood (extreme)
  • Chronic malaria
  • Hook worm infestation
  • Lack of iron
  1. Give two points to look for when buying spinach             *MAT*
  • should be form a reputable grocer
  • should be leafy
  1. State two effects of strong heat on proteins             *MAT*
  • Denatures then
  • Hardness them making them indigestible
  1. State two forms in which laundry soap is found in the market                                     *MAT*
  • If food stored can cause food poisoning when contaminated
  • Flavour altered so needs strong flavouring
  • That can be a health hazard
  • Some foods becomes indigestible e.g protein
  • Colour may be lost ways of improving colour must be used.
  1. Give the steps of removing chewing gum stain from a garment                                     *MAT*
  • Use ice cubes / put in freezing coupantment
  • Scraple off the gum
  • Rib bitten/land
  • Use carbon tetrachloride/other grease solvents
  • Wash normally
  1. Mention the three areas (centres of work that make up the work triangle in a kitchen
  • Cooking area
  • Storage area
  • Washing area
  1. Suggest two measures to take immediately nose bleeding occurs
  • Melting person sit down – head slightly raised to prevent blood from flowing down throat.
  • Cooling person with cold wet towel
  1. List two improvised abrasives in the home            
  • Sieved sand
  • Ash
  • Crushed egg shells
  • Couched charcoal
  • Sisal fiber
  1. Identify three tacks that are carried out only during special cleaning of a bedroom
  • Dinign bedding
  • Cleaning the bed; wardrobes chest of drawers and cupboards
  • Changing pillow and sheets
  1. Mention two dangers of heavy smoking during pregnancy
  • Causes underweight babies
  • Causes long disease to mother
  1. Give four methods of advertising
  • Brochures
  • Pamphlets
  • Decoration by promoters
  • Bill boards
  • Mass media
  • Through radio, t.v, newspapers, magazines, journals and books
  • Dealers /agents through displaying products and personnel available to explain to consumers about goods
  • Other consumers and consumer organizations ; one consumer to another/ two consumer organizations that each people on matters concerning goods and services.
  • B.S and government department – can be from different departments that deal some goods.
  1. State two reasons why cotton fabrics are popular for the table linen
  • Its strong and stronger when wet
  • Its water proof
  • Can be mixed with other fibers to lower cost
  • Stands high temperature can be boiled of white to whiter
  1. Give two reasons why silk is expensive
  • Its soft and draper well
  • It has lovely sheen and pleasant be handle
  • Its warm coz it’s a good inoculation in winter and cool in summer.
  • Its elastic so wears well
  • Shreds creates easily so good for travel
  1. State three qualities of a good tape measure                        
  • Should be plastic coated to avoid fraying and stretch and firmly woven.
  • Should have metal ends to keep flat when measuring and prevent fraying.
  • Should clearly marked on both sides of 150cm.
  1. Give three reasons for a needle freaking during machining
  • Beat needle
  • Machining close to zip teeth
  • Needle too fine for work
  • Press foot loose and needle hits its straight stitch foot is used for zigzag
  • Needle not firmly fixed in place
  • Fabric too thick for needle
  1. Give two reasons why press studs are not suitable for use in children’s garments
  • are dangerous children may pluck off loose and swallow them
  • are difficult to fasten
  1. (a) Ways of improving maize meal porridge
    • enriching with milk
    • sweetening with sugar
    • adding a lemon
    • adding an egg

(b) . Precautions to take when using an oven to bake

  • The oven must be preheated before putting in food to bake.
  • Oven and be cleaned and shelves arranged.
  • Over door should not be opened once it makes hot aim to escape and oven all take long to retreat
  • Temp should be lowered when the oven turns slightly brown to enable inside to cook
  • Baking time should be noted to avoid over baking/ under baking.

(c) Factors to look for when selecting a frying pan

  • Should balance well on the cooker and be thick for even distribution of heat
  • Should have a fitting lid
  • Should have a smooth finish
  1. d) To be well moulded and no cracks
  • Uses of carrot in cookery
  • For garnishing
  • For flavouring
  • Enlarge foods e.g when added in meat
  • To improve flavour
  1. (a) Mention four ways of improving maize meal porridge
    • enriching with milk
    • sweetening with sugar
    • adding a lemon
    • adding an egg

            (b) . Explain three Precautions to take when using an oven to bake

  • The oven must be preheated before putting in food to bake.
  • Oven and be cleaned and shelves arranged.
  • Over door should not be opened once it makes hot aim to escape and oven all take long to retreat
  • Temp should be lowered when the oven turns slightly brown to enable inside to cook
  • Baking time should be noted to avoid over baking/ under baking.

            (c) Explain six Factors to look for when selecting a frying pan

  • Should balance well on the cooker and be thick for even distribution of heat
  • Should have a fitting lid
  • Should have a smooth finish

            (d) Explain four To be well moulded and no cracks

  • Uses of carrot in cookery
  • For garnishing
  • For flavouring
  • Enlarge foods e.g when added in meat
  • To improve flavour
  1. (b) procedure of taking the following measurements

            (i) Hips – Tape is place around fullest part between 18cm and 23cm waistline depending on

                     height    of one.

            (ii) Inside warm length

  • From armhole under arm to waist with arm outstretched at an angle of 45o

            (iii)couch

            (c)Using diagram to explain preparation of the collar without interfacing

  • Cut colour and under collar depending on pattern may be with stand or without

 

 

 

 

 

            Transfer pattern markings

  • Place collar on under collar 2.s facing hatch raw edges, fl and notches
  • Pin tuck along fl leaving lower edge where its attached to neckline
  • Remove this machine sides and to edge leaving lower edge unsitched

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Trim and layer seam allowance
  • Lay covered sections of collar and clip pointed edges
  • Neck collar
  • Top stitch round edge for a neat finish and flatness

 

R.s
W.s
Lower edge left free

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (a) Discuss four Desirable qualities of a good clothes line:
  • Should be firmly held/strong
  • Should not be of a material that stretches
  • Should be strong not ward
  • Smooth not to damage clothes
  • Easy to excel clean and moist all weather conditions

            (b) Explain five ways of disposing refuse in the home

  • Use of dust bins
  • Use of local authority
  • Compost pits
  • Feeding to animals (organic)
  • Using for mulching e.g. organic
  • Burying
  • Burning

            (c) Explain five Factors to consider when selecting an electric iron

  • Should have a thermostat for controlling temperature
  • Should have a insulated long enough flex
  • Should have a plot indicator that shows when current temperature is riched
  • Parts must be firmly fixed with temperature control labeled according to fabric

            (d) Giving a reason in each case, state three factors to consider when wearing a baby

  • Nutritive value of cereals
  • Carbohydrates in endosperm
  • Protein in germ bean and endosperm
  • Fat
  • Mineral salts calcium iron and phosphorous
  • Vitamins
  1. (a) Explain three preparations to make on a sewing machine in readiness to stitching         *MAT*
  • Threading correctly
  • Oiling he machine
  • Putting it at correct tension
  • Regulating the stitch correctly

 

*MUM*

  1. Mention any three classes of stain removers used in laundry work
  • Bleaches
  • Grease solvements
  1. State two uses of facings in garment construction
  • Decorating of edges of garments fabric sections.
  • Strengthening of portions of fabric enabling fiture of fastening e.t.c
  • Neatening raw edges of fabric.
  1. State three uses of eggs in flour mixtures
  • Aeration: Expand with mixture on heating.
  • Liquidisation; Are partially liquid and add this to the mixtures
  • Improve the nutrive value of mixture as are of high biological value.
  • Imbue own unique inherent flavor to mixtures.
  1. Give any two precautions measures to take when using dry cleaning fluid
  • Work in well ventilated rooms to avoid suffocation or poisoning.
  • Keep away from naked flames because it is usually inflammable.
  • Air all dry cleaned articles well to remove traces of fluid and or fumes.
  • Keep away from children as is hazardous in the most.
  1.  What is the cause of swelling of body tissues that is symptomatic of kwashiorkor*MUM*

– The Accumulation of interstitial fluid due to poor cellular metabolism and the lack of protein content.

  1. Name any four common groups of people that are usually affected by anaemia *MUM*
  • Pregnant mothers
  • Women and girls who experience heavy menstrual flows.
  • Poorly nourished children or individuals who don’t get enough supplies of iron their diets.
  • People suffering from hookworm whipworm and other similar parasitic infection
  1. List three functions of water in the bodies of human beings                                
  • forms the matrix in which almost all metabolic reactions take place.
  • Water is required for all bodily fluids e.g digestive juice, blood,lymph, sweat and urine.
  • Keeps the linings of all mucous membranes necessary for absorption and exchanges of elements moist
  • Dissolves nutrients and thus carries and transports them.
  1. Define the term essential Amino acids correctly
  • Amino acids that cannot that be manufactured in the body from its pool of nutrient elements and must be obtained through consumption in food.
  1. Why are there more than usual numbers of Tuberculosis victims in today’s

             societies than in the past (i.e. after the 80’s than before) 

            – the  incidence and prevalence of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the contemporary diaspora and its  singular effect of destroying or degrading the human immune system has rendered many a victim highly susceptible to infection and disease opportunistically, hence the aggravated onslaught of many of the said infections like Malaria, cancers and thus notably this particular one.

  1. What is the work of a thermostat in an electric iron box
  • It is a bimetallic strip made up of two metals or conductive materials with different rates of expansively, such that when the strip is subjected to an increase in temperature, it bends due to the differential expansion of the parts fused together
  1. What are the following parts of an enclosed drainage system ?

            (a) WATER CLOSET: A toilet or ablution system that consists of manually automated flushing 

process with water kept in a reservoir that employs potential energy to efficiently and effectively    disposes sewage from the toilet pan or bowl below.

(b)MANHOLE: An externally placed lidded pit – junction between two or more drains or sewers that doubles up as an emergency access point through which examination, repair and regulation of the working of the enclosed drainage system is possible.

(c) SEPTIC TANKS: 1. A sewage disposal system usually made up two tanks; of which

  1. The first is the Receptacle of all the wastes from the household, and in which it
  2. separates out into the sludge; that sinks to its bottom compacting there and
  3. the effluent; the liquid part that over flows into the second and is
  4. Either passed off into the surrounding soils ( for soak-pits) or pumped out and

      carried  away for further disposal by tankers to the sewage works.

  1. State three general causes of poor sanitation             *MUM*
  • Carelessness and the lack of objective endevour in environmental hygiene and related practices in the wider community.
  • Poor planning of human settlements and other housing infrastructures in communities.
  • Overpopulation, overcrowding, poverty and general inefficacy and inebriation of personal, social, communal and other entities that exist in this scenario.
  1. Give two advantages of frying as a method of cooking             *MUM*
  • Produces usually very tasty food and foodstuffs.
  • Is usually quick and there saves time in execution.
  • Is consequentially cost effective on fuel.
  • Is relatively simple to execute in comparison with other methods of cooking e.g baking.
  1. State any two common problems that may afflict a pregnancy before its full term *MUM*
  • Malnutrition and lack pf proper food for the  pregnant mother due to unfavourable circumstances that  may be prevalent as is.
  • Illness or disease that may be opportunistic, infective or even hereditary.
  • Psychological or emotional inebriation.
  • Physiological indisposition e.g in the case of underage pregnancies and underdeveloped bodily structures.
  • Trauma from environmental, climatic or sociological disasters.
  • It is decorative and attractive
  • It is strong
  • Breast feeding
  • Immunization at hospital
  1. Give two advantages of using carpets in the home                                                 *MUM*
  • Decorative interiors
  • Protecting floors from damage
  • Keeping rooms cool
  • Keeping rooms clean
  1. State two reasons why wooden surfaces in the home need finishing             *MUM*
  • For decoration and enhancement of appearance
  • For protective covering from adverse effects of the weather
  1. List four points to look for when buying cabbages             *MUM*
  • Buy from a reliable seller
  • Buy in season
  • Avoid shriveled wrinkled ones
  • Prefer heavier samples
  • Avoid those whose leaves are faded
  1. State two measures to take in order to control the incidence of bed sores in bed

ridden invalids                                                                                                           *MUM*

  • Turn the patient over regularly in the bed
  • Turn over the mattress once in a while
  • Provide cushions and rests

 

           

*TNW*

  1. Why figure type is an important factor in choice of clothes
  • So as to choose clothes that can enhance your personal appearance
  1. Need to learn first aid
  • To save life
  • To prevent injury from becoming worse
  • To promote recovery
  • To present the injured to a medical practitioner                                          2×1 = 2 mks
  1. Laundry processes carried out before washing a fast – colored cotton shirt
  • Mending
  • Removal of stains
  • Soaking/ steeping
  • Empting the pockets       2×1 = 2 marks
  1. Difference between tear and wear

            – Wear- thinning or weakening of a section of a garment

            – Tear- A hole found on any part of a garment                                Each 1 mark = total 2 marks

  1. Reasons why steel wool is not suitable for cleaning plastics
  • It removes color of the outside
  • It is difficult to rinse out steel wool particles
  • Steel wool will scratch and roughen the surface
  1. Two main methods of purchasing goods and services in Kenya
  • Cash buying
  • Credit buying       1×2 = 2 marks
  1. Advantages of dry cleaning
  • The solvent used are volatile, they therefore do not wet the garment and make it heavy as water does
  • It is a fast method of cleaning clothes, the solvents evaporate very fast leaving the garment dry
  • The method maintains the shape, size, color and luster of the garment and the fibres in it
  • The method does not demand a lot of energy since is little mechanical rubbing
  1. Ways of minimizing wastage of detergents when washing
  • Using just enough
  • Avoid leaving bar soap in water
  • Do not use too much water
  • Wash many articles using the same water starting with less dirty ones
  • Use of soft water
  • Use of warm water       2×1= 2 marks
  1. Uses of running stitches
  • It is used as a decorative stitch when a contrasting color is used
  • It is a joining stitch       1×2= 2 marks
  1. How to identify warp threads in the absence of the selvedge
  • It is a thicker thread
  • Will not stretch when pulled
  • When the fabric is tagged or jerked, the warp threads produce sharper sound, higher pitch than the weft threads
  • It is a stronger thread       1×2= 2 marks
  1. Factors that make dry meat dry and tough after roasting
  • Meat cut too thin for roasting
  • Heat too fierce or too hot
  • Meat exposed to heat for too long or too low heat
  • Wrong cut of meat used for roasting (tough cuts)
  • Meat not basted or turned during roasting       1×2 = 2 marks

 

  1. Points to bear in mind when making seams on underwear
  • The seam should be flat and comfortable
  • Should be firmly stitched therefore durable
  • Seams should match where they cross
  • Have ever width
  • Accurately made, observing seam allowance and fitting line so that the drape and shape of the garment is maintained                               1×3= 3 marks
  1. Definition of the following terms
  2. i) A course: Is a dish/ dishes eaten as part of a meal
  3. ii) A dessert: A third course in a three course meal                         2 marks

            iii) A cover: A table mat with food items served for one person                                         2 marks

 

 

  1. A flavoring that is suitable for salads
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Parsley
  • Lemon       1×1 = 1 mark
  1. Two points to consider when selecting the baby’s layette
  • They should be loose and full so that the baby can be move its arms and legs freely
  • Of soft, light weight material that is easy to wash
  • Cool and warm to wear as needed
  • Easy to put on small babies e.g. skirts and gowns with openings       1×2 = 2 marks
  1. Difference between complementary and supplementary feeding
  2. Why management of fullness is important
  • It gives a good fit
  • It shapes the garment
  • It provides fashion features                                                                         1×3 = 3 marks
  1. Uses of vinegar in cookery
  • As a preservation
  • As a flavoring ½ x2 = 1 mk
  1. a) Dry cleaning a tie
  • Work in a well ventilated room away from the fire ( ½ )
  • Put sufficient dry cleaning solvent in a bowl ( ½ ) shake the tie to remove dust ( ½ )
  • Immerse ( ½ ) in the solvent and clean by kneading and squeezing ( ½) quickly to save the solvent from loss through evaporation ( ½ )
  • Squeeze out as much as possible ( ½ )
  • Hang out to dry in an open place ( ½ )
  • Leave the solvent in a covered bowl for dirt to settle then decant into a bottle for other use. Discard the dirt ( ½ )
  • Press ( ½ ) with a warm iron ( ½ )       5 marks
  1. b) Finish a cotton shirt
  • Sprinkle water and roll
  • Iron while damp
  • Iron double parts first on the w.s
  • Turn to the R.S and iron the skirt away from the worker
  • Air
  • Fold and store       5 marks
  1. c) CLEAN THE LEATHER BAG
  • Cover the working surface
  • Dry dust to remove loose dirt
  • Clean using warm soapy water and a piece of cloth both inside and outside
  • Wipe with a damp cloth wrung out of clean water
  • Dry with a dry cloth both inside and outside
  • Air it under the shade       1×5= 5 marks
  1. d) CLEAN A PAIR OF SLIPPERS
  • Remove any loose dirt
  • Use warm soapy water with a disinfectant
  • Scrub to remove fixed dirt using a soft brush
  • Rinse in warm water
  • Wipe dry using a clean cloth and put away
  • Clear up       1×5 = 5 marks

 

  1. a) Changes that take place in a dough during frying mandazi
  • Color changes from original color to brown when exposed to hot oil
  • The mixture becomes porous due to expansion of air
  • The outside becomes porous due to expansion of air
  • The outside becomes crisp because of lack of starch granules (dextrin)
  • The size/ volume increases due to expansion of air
  • The mandazi becomes easily digestible because the starch granules are cooked    1×6 = 6 marks

 

  1. b) Four faults in cooking of mandazi
  • Burning on the outside before the inside
  • Excessive hollowness
  • Heavy texture due to lack of enough raising agent
  • Sogginess due to low temperatures       1×4= 4 marks
  1. c) Four nutritional needs of an adolescent
  • They need a balanced diet with plenty of proteins, minerals e.g. iron, calcium, phosphorous and vitamin C
  • Girls require additional supply of iron to compensate for the amount lost during menstruation
  • Include fatty foods to reduce the bulk of the food consumed e.g. bread and butter
  • Give adequate amount of food as teenagers have healthy appetite
  • Meals should be regular and be served attractively
  • Provide plenty of fresh vegetables and fresh fruits for roughage
  • Fluids should be included for compensation lost water during activities
  • Energy giving foods should be included because they are very active ½ x4 = 8 marks
  1. d) Four qualities of a well made vegetable salad
  • The vegetables should be fresh
  • They should be attractive
  • They should have different nutrients
  • They should be greased to stop oxidation
  • It should be made of different types f vegetables
  • Vary in texture ½ x4 = 2 marks

 

  1. a) Three points to consider when using a sewing machine
  • Ensure that there is good light to avoid straining the eyes and ensure adequate visibility
  • Ensure that machine is correctly threaded for efficiency in stitch formation’
  • Use appropriate needle for the fabric, the needle should be sharp to achieve good stitchery
  • Ensure that the correct stitches are set for the right stitch length and tension to work out good stitches
  • Test the machine before actual stitching to avoid handling the work
  • Ensure the work is guided through machine       1×6 = 6 marks

 

  1. b) Six stitches used during the blouse/ skirt construction
  • Tailors tacking/ thread marking
  • Even tacking/ long tacking
  • Machine stitches
  • Hemming stitches
  • Running stitches
  • Basting stitches ½ x 6 = 3 marks
  1. c) Five points to observe when laying pattern pieces onto the fabric and cutting out
  • Ensure the pattern pieces are smooth and flat for accuracy
  • Ensure all the pattern pieces required for the garment are available
  • Plan a rough layout using the provided layout for the width at the fabric before pinning to ensure that the fabric is enough
  • Pins should not be sticking out to avoid damaging the scissors
  • The fabric should be grained for straight edges                   1×5= 5 marks

 

  1. d) The procedure in preparation of around patch pocket ready for attaching
  • Neaten the top edge ( ½ ) of the pocket fold the hem ( ½ ) along the hemline ( ½ ) to the R.S ( ½ ) of the pocket
  • Stitch ( ½ ) the pocket along the stitching line ( ½ ) to fix hem in position
  • Trim the corners ( ½ ) of the hem to reduce bulkiness ( ½ )
  • Turn the hem to W.S ( ½ ) along stitching line
  • Snip/ notch ( ½ ) the turnings of the curves ( ½ )
  • Fold the edges ( ½ ) of the pocket along the stitching line

 

  1. a) Two positive and two negative effects of advertisements
  2. i) Positive effects

                        – Makes consumers aware of goods and services, which improve or add to their life style

                               by providing greater efficiency or pleasure

                        – Consumers are able to choose what they want                                                      2 marks

 

  1. ii) Negative effects
  • Consumers may be misled to prefer a product of low quality to one of high quality which is advertised less
  • Consumers bear the cost of advertising because the final price of the commodity is increased to cover the cost
  • Adverts sometimes appeals to the emotions and thus influences consumer psychologically

 

 

  1. b) Precautions one would take when using kerosene
  • Reservoir should never be empty to prevent rusting
  • Do not overfill to avoid spills
  • Ensure lamps are replaced on flat and stable surfaces during use and storage to prevent spills
  • Do not light them near flammable substances e.g. textile materials, flammable liquids
  • Keep them out of reach of children to avoid accidents
  • Ensure flame is not too high to prevent production of smoke and soot
  • Handle them carefully to prevent falls- glass might break       1×4= 4 marks

 

  1. c) Five advantages of breast feeding
  • Breast milk is at the right temperature
  • It contains all the nutrients needed in the right proportion
  • It is clean and free from contaminator
  • It does not need any preparation
  • It is available all the time
  • Improves the bond between mother and child
  • Assists the mothers uterus to turn to normal size and position       1×5 = 5 marks

 

  1. d) Five problems related to weaning
  • The baby’s digestive system is not able to process the new foods leading to stomach upsets
  • Late weaning may lead to malnutrition due to shortages of nutrients with age
  • The weaning diet adopted may have too much fat and carbohydrate leading to obesity
  • Unhygienic handling of food and feeding equipment may lead to diseases such as diarrhea and cholera
  • The weaned baby is exposed to allergies from different foods 1×5=5 marks

 

  1. e) Reasons for labeling products
  • Provide a products name
  • Provides the name of the manufacture
  • Gives information on the product e.g. ingredients, instructions for use, manufacturing and expiry dates
  • Enables the consumers to recognize the product       1×2=2 marks

 

           

            *NDW*

  1. State the importance of sebaceous glands in relation to a healthy skin (1mk)
  • Secrete an oily substance called sebum that keeps the skin oily preventing it from becoming dry,

      Scaly and from cracking

  • Sebum makes the skin water proof and destroys  micro-organism
  1. State two qualities that make aluminium popular for household utensils (2mks)
  • Shinning in appearance
  • Light in weight
  • Does not rust
  • Good conductor of heat
  • Cheap
  • Does not react with food to form poisonous substances
  • Easy to clean
  • Easy to care for
  1. Give a reason why nylon is unsuitable for sports wears (1mk)
  • Non-absorbent
  • Produce static electricity therefore it clings to the body
  • Does not conduct heat therefore it is not warm
  • Damaged by heat therefore cannot be foiled to remove stains and brighten colour
  1. Mention two uses of dhania (coriander) leaves in cookery (2mks)
  • To improve flavour
  • As a garnish
  1. Mention two advantages of blending cotton and nylon fibers (2mks)
  • When cotton is blended with nylon fibers it be comes more crease resistant
  • When nylon is blended with cotton fibers it  increase resistance to abrasion
  1. State any two reasons why a child’s growth monitoring is important (2mks)
  • Monitoring a child’s growth by weight for age is an immediate indicator of normal or abnormal growth
  • Monitoring a child’s growth by means of height  for age  helps  to determine  if the child is standard or is getting too tall
  • If  the growth  is  too fast or  too  slow  for  the age the  health  clinic officers  should suggest measures  to correct it  to  avoid  an obese or  underdeveloped child

 

  1. Four laundry processes that are harmful to woolen fibres and the harms they cause are; (2mks)
  • Soaking-causes wool to shrink and weaken
  • Rubbing/fiction washing stretching of wool
  • Starching-causes hardening and breaking of wool fibres
  • Ironing-causes stretching and produces shinning patches on the garment
  • Airing by hanging causes
  • Drying wool in the sun-causes hardening and breaking of wool
  • Washing in hot water-causes wool to shrink harden, and crease
  • Rinsing in cold water-causes wool to felt and matt

 

  1. three ways of providing variety in meal planning and management (3mks)
  • Variety in colour-choose interesting colour combination
  • Texture-variety in texture e.g. crispy, crunching and tender
  • Flavours-variety of flavours e.g. salty, sweet, plain flat aromatic
  1. two factors to consider when choosing where to buy vegetables (2mks)
  • Availability of vegetables
  • Variety of vegetables required
  • Availability of transport
  • Money   available
  • Hygienic conditions of the place
  • Fresh vegetable
  • The price of vegetable should be affordable
  1. Give two qualities of a good advertisement (2mks)
  • Message should be clear
  • It should attract consumers
  • It should be brief
  1. three ways of economizing fuel when using electricity for cooking (3mks)
  • Soaking food that takes long to cook
  • Use energy devices e.g. pressure cooker
  • Use of energy only when required i.e. Electric power should be switched off when not in use
  • Use utensils that fit the entire cooking unit for electricity etc
  • Plan your activities such as cooking and ironing in such a way that conservation of energy is maximized
  • Covering cooking pots with well fitting lids
  • Electrical appliances should be well taken care  of so that they  work efficiently

 

  1. two reasons for using interfacing during garment construction (2mks)
  • Give body or shape to the garment
  • Stiffening to add firmness
  • Prevent stretching or sagging
  • Obtain a good knife edge
  • Give a   crisp tailored look to the area applied
  • Increase crease resistance

13 three methods of finishing the edges of sleeves other than using a cuff                  (3mks)

  • Facing
  • Binding
  • Lace
  • Frills
  • Piping
  • Hemming/shell hemming
  1. State three reasons for labeling products in a factory (3mks)
  • Provide a product name
  • Provide the name of the manufacturer and contact
  • Provide information on the products; its ingredients, quality, instructions for use, manufacturing and expiry date.
  • For recognition by consumer.

 

  1. Two precautions to be taken to prevent bed sores when taking care of a sick persons at home

      -Turn the patient more often to change positions

  • Massage hip and back muscles
  • Ensure beddings are dry all the time
  • Check them for bed sores often
  1. List two uses of lamp shades (2mks)
  • Add to interior decoration
  • Helps  to  avoid glare
  1. State two factors to consider when planning lighting for various rooms in the home (2mks)
  • Purpose of the room
  • Size of the room
  • Existing colour scheme

 

  1. Differentiate between advancing and receeding colours (2mks)
  • Advancing colours-colours that make a room or a figure appear larger
  • Receeding-colours that make a room or a figure appear smaller
  1. Give two reasons why most women in the rural areas are less groomed (2mks)
  • They lack exposure
  • Environment in which they live in may not promote the art of good grooming
  • They have low income and lack of proper education to utilize the little resources they have
  • The kind of jobs they are involved in may not permit the exact art of grooming
  • Lack of clean water and cleaning materials

20 a) Describe the correct procedure of laundering a nylon dress                                                   (8mks)

  • Soak( ½ )in cold water( ½ )for a  short  time
  • Wash in  warm soapy  water( ½ )using kneading and  squeezing methods(1mk)
  • Rinse severally in warm water( ½ )
  • Rinse in  cold water( ½ )
  • Add fabric conditioner in  the final cold  rinse( ½ )
  • Drip dry( ½ )in the shade( ½ )
  • Iron( ½ )using warm iron( ½ )
  • Air  to dry  completely( ½ )
  • Fold( ½ )and store in a clean dry place( ½ )
  1. b) Describe the correct procedure of cleaning white canvas shoes without shoe laces (7mks)
  • Dust them to remove loose dirt or remove mud  if  any(1mk)
  • Dash in warm  soapy water( ½ )and scrub with a scrubbing brush( ½ )clean  the inside( ½ )as well as  the  outside( ½ )
  • Rinse in warm water( ½ )
  • Final  rinse  in cold water( ½ )
  • Shake to remove excess water( ½ )
  • Dry( ½ ) by tilting  them  against  the wall/ stone under  the sun( ½ )
  • Apply white polish ( ½ ) while still damp ( ½ ) and leave to dry. use a  clean  dry duster to remove/wipe off excess polish( ½ )
  • Store in a cool dry place( ½ )
  1. c) Give the correct procedure of cleaning two aluminium cups (5mks)
  • Rinse in  clean water
  • Wash  one at a  time in warm soapy water  using a  mild abrasive
  • Rinse in warm water
  • Rinse in cold water
  • Wipe  to dry or drip on a rack then dry later

21 a) Mention two uses of butter in the home                                                                                (2mks)

  • Gives a delicious flavour in cakes and sauces
  • Soften  cakes and baked items
  • Enriches food  e.g. babies  food
  • Greasing baking vessels
  1. b) Identify four major nutrients found in butter   
  • Energy
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin D
  • Fats
  1. c) i)Describe four changes that take place when heating butter                                                            
  • Melts
  • Changes  from  solid  to liquid
  • Burns  and produces  smoke
  • Turns brown
  • Finally turns black
  1. ii) Name four main groups of fats giving an example for each
  • Animal fats e.g.  cow fats, butter
  • Vegetable fats e.g. salad oil, margarine, palm
  • Solid fats-solid room temperature e.g. margarine
  • Oils liquid  at room temperature e.g. Elianto
  1. d) Explain three considerations to make when selecting a storage facility for butter (6mks)

 

  1. a) Four tests undertaken at the clinic to an expectant mother in the first month of pregnancy   Establish blood group
  • Weight
  • Pregnancy test
  • Establish level of iron in blood to determine whether there is need to administer pills or not.
  • Checking sugar and proteins in urine to ensure the uterus gets the normal flow of blood.      b) Describe two supplementary foods for a baby                                                                    (2mks)
  • Those which provide vitamin C e.g. Orange juice
  • Those which provide vitamin D e.g. Cod liver oil

 

  1. c) Explain two benefits of supplementary food (4mks)
  • It helps meet the nutritional needs of the growing baby, because their nutritional requirement has increased
  • To substitute breast milk which may not meet all the nutritional needs of the baby.
  1. d) i)Explain four reasons why  a mother may be unable to breast feed
  • Being away from the baby because of work. This reduces feeding time.
  • Sickness, where the mother is too weak to breastfeed or is admitted to hospital or is taking medicine that can harm the baby.
  • Multiple births; a mother who gives  birth to twins or triplets may not be able to adequately breastfeed all the babies
  • Successive births-A baby born before the older one has finished breastfeeding may cause the mother to stop breast feeding the older one in order to carter for the younger one.
  1. ii) Explain four points on care of play items (2mks)
  • Keep clean according to type.
  • Store in clean places after play.
  • Wash the washable ones to ensure that the baby handles them when clean.
  • Assemble the dismantled ones and repair the broken ones in time.

 

23 a) Explain four properties of viscose rayon which are undesirable                                       (8mks)

  • Creases badly, so needs a lot of ironing.
  • Flammable and can get burnt easily.
  • Develops mildew when left wet.
  • Yellows and rots when exposed to sunlight for long periods.
  • Its weaker when wet than dry so can get torn easily.
  1. b) Suggest four features that can be used to finish a nigh dress decoratively (4mks)
  • Use of lace
  • Bias binding
  • Embroidery stitches
  • Frill
  1. c) Give three reasons for ironing a night dress during construction                                    (3mks)
  • Ensure seams are flat on attaching
  • Ensure parts are attached flat
  • Produce a neat article.

   

 

  1. d) Explain five desirable qualities of an iron box (5mks)
  • Made of non rusting material
  • Medium weight.
  • Smooth soul.
  • Pointed toe to reach fullness.
  • If electric, should be thermostatic i.e. control heat automatically.

 

*RCH*

  1. A,D,E and K (any 4x ½ =2mks)
  2. List four causes of anaemia
  • Iron  deficiency
  • Worm infestation
  • Chronic  malaria
  • Excessive  bleeding  due to accidents  etc
  • Hookworm infestation (any 4x ½ =2mks)
  1. State two points to look for when buying spinach
  • Should  be  fresh
  • Examine well for  grubs  and insects (any 2×1=2mks)
  1. Give two forms in which laundry soap is available in the market
  • Bar  soap/had  soap
  • Soap flakes
  • Soap power
  • Disinfectant  or  antiseptic  soap
  • Liquid  soap
  • Toilet soap
  • Toilet soap (any 2×1=2mks)
  1. State two advantages of using firewood as a fuel for cooking
  • It is  cheap
  • It is  locally  available
  • Can  be  used  both for  cooking, warming  and  lighting  especially camp fires (any 2×1=2mks)
  1. Identify two ways of storing dressmakers pins
  • Using a  in  cushion
  • Using a metal plastic  set
  • Using  pin  wheel (any 2×1=2mks)

 

  1. Give four special points to note when washing babies clothes
  • Use  mild  detergent
  • Use  fabric  conditioner  in final  rinsing water  to  soften garment
  • Rinse  severally  to ensure  complete removal of  detergents  and  laundry  agents  which  may  cause harm to the  baby’s delicate  skin
  • Disinfectant occasionally  to  kill germs
  • Dry  whites in  direct  sunlight  for  further  whitening (any 4×1=4mks)

 

  1. State two measures taken immediately nose bleeding occurs
  • Let  the persons  sit  down with he  slightly  raised to prevent  the  blood  from floming down  the  throat
  • Plug  nostril  for about  15seconds,making  the  person  to breath through  the mouth
  • Cool the  face  with a cold  wet towel
  • Repeat the  treatment  for  another  15minutes  if  bleeching  does  not  stop
  • Encourage  the  person to spit  out  any  blood  that  flows  into the month
  • If bleeding  persist seek  mechanical  assistant (any2x1=2mks)

 

  1. Name two improvised abrasives in the home
  • Charcoal
  • Ash
  • Sand
  • Rough  leaves
  • Sisal
  • Egg  shells
  • Maize  cobs  (2×1=2mks)

 

  1. State two points to consider when choosing a refrigerator
  • Needs  of the  family
  • Ease of use
  • Type of  fuel
  • Size
  • Cost  or  affordability
  • Efficiency
  • Space available  for  storage (any 2×1=2mks)                                                                   
  1. Name four methods of advertising
  • Mass  media
  • Pamphlets/brochures/magazines/newspapers/promotions/sales
  • Packing
  • Posters
  • Billboards(any 4x ½ =2mks)                                                                                                          
  1. Give two reasons why cotton is popular for table linens
  • They  are easy  to  launder
  • Are strong
  • Can  withstand  extremes of  temperatures/can  be  boiled
  • Can  withstand frequent washing (any 2×1=2mks)                                                                       
  1. Give two ways by which HIV/AIDS is transmitted
  • Through transfusion with  HIV  infected blood
  • Co-genital  infection by  an infected mother
  • Use of  unsterilized  infected  equipment
  • Having intercourse with an infected person (any 2×1=2mks)                                                                              
  1. Mention four conditions necessary for growth of micro organism
  • Warmth
  • Moisture
  • Darkness
  • Dirt (any 4x ½ =2mks)                                                         
  1. Give four factors to consider when renting a house
  • The family income
  • Size  of the  family
  • Composition of the family
  • Place  of work and  school
  • Social amenities (any 4x ½ =2mks)                                                                             
  1. Give four examples of air pollutants
  • Smoke  from  any burning
  • Dust  blown  by   the wind
  • Bacteria released  in to  the air  by infected  people
  • Exhaust  fumes from vehicles and  aircrafts  which  produces CO4
  • Cleansing  agents
  • Natural pollutants such  as pollen from flowering  plants
  • Insecticides  and pesticides used to control insects and pests
  • Hair  and  body sprays (any 4x ½ =2mks)                                                                                       
  1. State two symptoms of food poisoning
  • Vomiting
  • Severe stomachache
  • Burning sensation in the  stomach
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • General body weakness (any 2×1=2mks)                                                                             
  1. Give two ways to ensure variety in meal presentation
  • Colour  variation
  • Texture  variation
  • Flavour  variation (any 2×1=2mks)                                                                         
  1. Give two ways of avoiding impulse buying
  • Budgeting
  • Having  a shopping list  any time  you go shopping and  ensuring you stick to it
  • Carry  just  enough  money to  shop-avoid having a lot of extra-money  (any 2×1=2mks)
  1. Suggest two important ways of using mineral fibres in clothing                                    
  • Used  as  overalls by fire fighters
  • For  theatre curtains (any 2×1=2mks)

21.your  mother is sick and has  asked  you  to assist  her with  house work

  1. a) Suggest how you would launder her loose coloured Khangal leso (10mks)
  • do not  soak ½
  • wash very fast ½  in warm ½  soapy water ½ . wash  using  kneading ½  and  squeezing  method
  • do  not ring ½
  • rinse  in clean  warm  water ½
  • final rinse in cold ½  water to which salt (1)has been added to fix  colour  and  some vinegar (1)to  brighten
  • flat  dry under  the  shade ½
  • iron while still slightly  damp using  a  warm iron ½
  • air  to  remove excess moisture ½
  • store appropriately ½
  1. b) Suggest how you would clean an aluminium sufuria used to prepare her breakfast                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
  • wash in hot ½  soapy ½  water
  • rub  any  strains with   nylon  scouring  pad or  steel wool ½
  • work thoroughly  in clean  hot  water to remove all soap  and dirt ½
  • dry  well ½
  • store  appropriately ½  (3×1=3mks)
  1. c) Say how you would clean a cemented kitchen floor                        
  • remove light  furniture ½
  • sweep floor and  dispose  of the dirt .dust  the  skirting  board ½
  • use warm soapy  water a hard scrubbing brush  to  scrub  the floor starting  from the furthest end  in  small  sections including  the skirting board. Ensure  you  are  circular motions ½
  • wipe with a clean  cloth  or a mop  wrung  out  of warm water ½
  • repeat until the  room  is  complete ½
  • dry thoroughly with a floor cloth  or a  dry  mop
  • rearrange furniture
  • clean equipment used  and  store appropriately ½  (7mks)

22.a)outline the points  to consider  when planning  meals for a vegetarian                                           

  • Should be balanced
  • Use  vegetable  fats and  oil  in the  preparation
  • Vary  foods  cooked to avoid  monotony
  • Season meats  well  to make  it  tasty
  • Include a  good amount  of vegetables  to provide  the   would be  omitted  nutrients
  • Egg  dishes  milk and cheese in addition to  pulses  should  be provided(for  lacto- vegetarian) (any5x1=5mks)
  1. b) Rough puff pastry has a well defined layers divided by air space ad should be very light. State

        the four factors that its success depends on                                                   

  • sift  flour  and  salt together
  • rub  in  fat  very  lightly into  the  flour  and  salt mixture
  • keep it  as  cool  as possible  during  preparation  so that  on cooking, gases  expand as much  as  possible  giving  light  results
  • use a  mixture  of  land  and  margarine for  better results
  • roll lightly  in a highly  floured  surface  with  light short and  forward strokes
  • bake  in a fairly hot over (any 4×1=4mks)
  1. c) Outline the qualities of a good cloth storage facility                                                                                   
  • should  be  lockable
  • should have  adequate  deep drawers  which should  shide  with  ease
  • rod  for  hangers  in the  wardrobe  should  be  strong enough  be bear the  weight  of  clothes
  • should  be  clean and  dry  and  have  smooth surface    which  are  easy  to clean
  • should be  strong and  durable  with  enough  storage  space
  • hangers  should  be  smooth and  durable (any 6×1=6mks)

 

  1. d) Explain how kitchen waste contributes to environmental pollution (5mks)
  • bad  smell
  • garbage  especially is carelessly damped
  • can be health hazard if  carelessly  damped into  water bodies

 

23.a)Explain  five   points  to consider when weaning a baby                                                      (10mks)

  • Introduce new  foods  gradually .one  food  at a time  to  give  the baby time to be come familiar  with the food before  giving  another
  • Start  by giving  small portions  and increase  as  you  absence the baby’s  reaction
  • Don’t  force  the  baby’s  to  eat  food  they are  not interested in stop  and try again  later.
  • Feed  from a  cup  using a  spoon
  • Sterilize all  feeding equipment by  boiling
  • First food  should  be very  soft  and  become  a less  soft as  the baby grows
  • Once the baby  accepts a  new food, give  it fairly frequently  so that it  be comes familiar  then gradually  increase amount  offered
  • Give food  after breastfeeding
  • Ensure  that  milk  continue  to be a  major  part  of the diet
  • Prepare foods  hygienically
  • Allow the  child  to handle  food  and  feeding  equipment (any 5×1=5mks)

 

  1. b) List five points to look for when choosing a toy for a child                        
  • should  be  attractive
  • must  be  durable to last  long
  • must be  appropriate  for age  and sex
  • shouldn’t  be easy  to  dismantle because the child  could  put it in  the mount
  • safe  to use i.e. doesn’t  contain poisonous  substance
  • should  be big  enough so the  child  cannot swallow
  • shouldn’t  be sharp  which  can injure  the  child
  • should be easy to  clean (any 5×1=5mks)

    

  1. c) Discuss five problems related to weaning a baby (5mks)
  • too early weaning
  • too  late  weaning
  • the diet  may  be too fatty  and rich in  carbohydrates leading to obesity poor muscle development  and  low  resistance to  infections
  • unhygienic  handling  of  feeding  equipment  leads too  disease  e.g.  diarrhea
  • bonding between mother  and baby is interfered  with since a baby  who is weaned can be  fed  by  any  other person
  • the baby is expected  to allergies from different foods
  • learning to use the  feeding  equipment may cause  distress to the baby.

24.a)State two main nutrients found  in each of the following foods

  1. i) Beans-carbohydrates and protein
  2. ii) Kales-minerals salt and vitamins

        iii)Wheat-carbohydrate  and  proteins

 

  1. b) Discuss the importance of repairing garments                                                        
  • to retain smartness/enhancing  good  grooming
  • to prevent further tear especially during  laundry
  • in order not to expose  the  parts  of  the body they  cover
  • to make  clothes last  long (any 5×1=5mks)

 

    

  1. c) With the aid at east one well labelled diagram explain how to work a single pointed dart (6mks)
  • fold the  dart  along  the  fold  line  so that the  fitting  lines are matching
  • pin  and  tack from the  wider  and tapering  to the  point  to hold  the two  layers  of fabric firmly
  • remove pins and machines  along  the tacking line  from the  wider  end  to the tapering end  at a  point
  • secure  stitching at the  point  by

          -stitching backwards-0.5cm

          -threading both stitching thread in a needle and concealing them in the fold or wearing

            a few stitches

  • Press waist and shoulder darts to either (CF) or (CB) and underarm  darts  downwards.

 

 

 

  1. d) State three importance of meal planning             (3mks)
  • it ensures  that  meals  are

         i)adequate  for the family  members  and  meet their  individual  preferences

         ii)balanced  to meet  dietary requirements of  all the  family members  such  as  children,

            the elders, adolescents and the  sick

  • presented and served attractively  to stimulate appetite and enjoyment (any 3×1=3mks)

 

                       

 

*KKE*

1.

  • It will prevent an individual from getting irritation and damage of the skin
  • To prevent an artificial look

2

  • To ensure good health by keeping away harmful; micro- organisms
  • To ensure original appearance of surface is retained/ surface free from stains remain attractive and in good condition
  • To ensure maintenance cost is retained 
  1. Drainage – System of getting id of waste water, run off and sewage from house or building

    Refuse disposal – It is getting rid of rubbish or waste matter from a house

                                                                                                            Give 1 mk for each well defined

 

4.

  • To help retain colour
  • Reduce bulk
  • Retain nutrients
  • Retain flavour

5.

6.

  • Maintain high standards of cleanliness to contain infection by insects and other pests
  • Ensure the house is well lit
  • Beddings should be changed regularly and be properly aired
  • Use of insecticides
  • Sleeping under nets
  • Draining stagnant water
  • Clear the bushes around the home

7.

  • To neaten raw edges
  • To decorate the garment
  • To shape and give body where applied
  • To provide enough thickness for attaching fasteners
  • To give strength to withstand strain

8.

  • Drought
  • Scarcity
  • Transportation cost
  • Tastes/ fashion
  • A lot of money in circulation

9.

  • Store in cool dry conditions
  • Away from chemicals
  • Cover it properly during storage
  • Store in clean conditions

10.

  • Knife
  • Potatoe peelers
  • Spalular
  • Forks
  • Spoons
  • Graters                                                                                                                                               1×2=2mks

11.

  • Excretion of wastes materials from the kidney and in sweat
  • Maintaining body temperature by perspiration
  • Aiding the digestion and absorption of food
  • The formation of all body fluids

12.

  • Use the correct method of cooking as per cut of beef to preserve nutrients
  • Take correct precautions to ensure food hygiene
  • Use correct temperature during its cooking to prevent denaturing of proteins and loss of other nutrients
  • Use correct time for cooking as required for the method chosen

13.

  • Balanced food provided plenty of proteins, minerals, salts such as iron, calcium, phosphorous and vitamin C
  • Include plenty of energy rich foods to reduce the bulk of food consumed e.g. bread with butter, rice starch and vegetables
  • Serve adequate amount of food as teenagers have healthy appetite
  • Serve regularly and attractively

14.

  • The strong flavour is disguising
  • Its yellowing effect is undesirable

15.

  • Making into jam
  • Canning/ bottling
  • Store in a cool and well ventilated area
  • Drying
  • Salting/ sugar
  • Smoking

16.

  • Ready to serve e.g. bread, cakes, ice cream
  • Partially prepared – require minimal preparation and coking e.g. dehydrated soups
  • Foods that are prepared and ready to cook e.g. cake mix

17.

  • Skipping stitches
  • Uneven stitch length
  • No movement of fabric

18.

  • It can withstand high temperatures
  • Can be boiled to disinfect and remove stain
  • It is absorbent and less fluffy thus suitable for drying glass utensils
  • It is strong thus withstands frequent washing

19.

  • Should have mitred corners
  • Have mouth reinforced
  • Fix hem using appropriate stitches

20.

21.

  • Soak ( ½ ) in cold ( ½ ) water for at least 30 mins
  • Wring out of soaking (1) water
  • Wash in hot (1) soapy water ( ½ ) using friction method (v)
  • Rinse in warm water ( ½ )
  • Final rinse in cold ( ½ ) water in which a disinfectant(1) is added
  • Drip dry (1) in the sun ( ½ ) secure with pegs

FINISHING

  • Dampen ( ½ ) by sprinkling warm water (1) roll ( ½ ) and leave for a while
  • Iron ( ½ ) double part ( ½ ) on WS ( ½ )
  • The whole surface ( ½ ) on the WS away from the worker (1)
  • Air ( ½ ) and fold
  • Clear up
  1. b)
  • Clean in warm (1) soapy (1) water (1) with sisal fibre/ sponge/ clothe(1)
  • Disinfect with a suitable disinfectant e.g. vim (1)
  • Rinse (1) severally in cold ( ½ ) clean water
  • Dry ( ½ ) thoroughly using a dry cloth
  1. Some foods are cooked with seasoned flour or milk, eggs, wheat flour

      Bread crumbs and eggs or melted margarine, butter

            b)

  • Garnishing/ decorating food property
  • Serving food on clean plates/ bowls
  • Use various/ varied cooking bowls
  • Use clean or well ironed table linen
  • Good flower arrangement/ centerpiece
  • Use of menu cards
  1. c)
  • Cut into thin strips
  • Dry on a tray covered with a thin cloth netting nustiline/ wire mesh
  • Place it away from reach of animals and children
  • Can be dried in a cage

 

d)

  • Provide a well balanced diet with normal amount of Vitamin and mineral to improve the immune system
  • Provide food rich in calcium, phosphorous, iron, iodine and vitamin A, B, C and D, protein for repair of body tissues and less carbohydrates and fats because they are not very active
  • Avoid fatty and greasy foods for easy digestion
  • Ensure the foods are soft and easy to chew
  • Consider likes and dislikes to ensure they eat what is presented to them’
  • Ensure good seasoning and attractive serving to attract and stimulate appetite

23.

  • Tailors tucks
  • Use of tracing wheel and carbon paper
  • Use of tailors chalk
  • Long and short tacking
  • Thread marking
  1. b)
  • Caters for those who lack funds for hospitalization
  • Elderly people prefer to be nursed at home in a familiar environment not surrounded by strangers
  • It is cheap especially for illness that is not life threatening like minor wounds/ terminal cases
  • It is suitable for lactating mothers so as not to expose their babies to a hospital environment
  • Patients receive emotional support from family members

c)

  • Stain should be removed when they are still fresh
  • Reason: They get fixed when old and become difficult and expensive to remove
  • Identify the kind of stain and type of fabric affect: in order to use a suitable stain remover
  • If the composition of the stain is unknown start with a milder removal method followed by mildies reagents to avoid damaging the fabric
  • After stain is removed rinse the article well Reason: To remove traces of reagents
  • Work from outside towards when removing stain Reason: To avoid spreading the stain 
  1. a) Physical development – A child’s muscles develop through running
  2. b) social development – A child learns to co-operate with play mates and observe the rules of

               the game and make friends

  1. c) Mental development- A child learns how to put similar things together, model colour or

               paint and construct patterns

  1. b)
  • Both cuff and under cuff should be of the same size
  • The width should be even on both the cuff and the under cuff
  • The cuff should be flat
  • The cuff should be of right proportion to the rest of the garment
  • The cuff should fit the weave well
  1. c)
  • Place raw edges together ( ½ ) wrong sides facing
  • Pin tack and machine ½ stitch 1.5cm from edge or along the fitting line ( ½ )
  • Trim ( ½ ) both seam allowance to allow 1.2cm( ½ )from front 6mm ( ½ ) on the back
  • Fold ( ½ ) front turning over back turning from a fell
  • Press/ crease the turning in position ( ½ )
  • Pin/ tack and machine stitch ( ½ ) close to the fold ( ½ )
  • Remove tackings and press (½ ) 

d)

  • Dust (½ ) with a dry duster ( ½ ) to remove loose dirt
  • Clean (½ ) using warm soapy water ( ½ )  and scrubbing brush ( ½ )
  • Scrub in direction of the grain ( ½ ) ensure overlapping ( ½ ) the surface previously cleaned
  • Wipe ( ½ ) with a duster wrung out of soapy water ( ½ )
  • Clean ( ½ ) under pants ( ½ ) and legs ( ½ )
  • Rinse ( ½ 0 with a cloth wrung out of clean water
  • Dry ( ½ ) with a cloth well rinsed and wrung out
  •  

 

*STK*

  1. The term hue refers to name of colour e.g. red, blue, yellow e.t.c. (1mk)
  2. Benefits of studying home science to an individual are:-
  • Equips an individual with knowledge, skills and attitudes one requires for quality life
  • Helps an individual to adopt to the changing living conditions in the home, community and nation
  • Prepares an individual to take care of their personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, resources and health
  • Lays foundation for career development in industries such as catering, accommodation, hotel management and interior decorations e.t.c.                                                          (Any pts  2mks)
  1. Two uses of a collander are:-

       (i) Used as a separating tool-for separating liquids from other foodstuffs – e.g. for cleaning rice over         

               a  tap of running water

         (ii) Used for steaming foods                                                    (2mks)

  1. Basic instructions on the use of medicine

(i)       Dosage

  • Instruction
  • Frequency
  • Storage
  • Caution
  • Duration (1ny 4pts – ½mk each Total (2mks)
  1. Accidents that may cause fractures
    • Road accidents
    • Heavy blow
    • Falls caused by slippery floor, pot holes and cracks on the floor, split water or fruit peelings, loose tiles, littered clothes e.t.c. (any 2pts – 2mks)
  1. Points to consider when choosing a toilet brush are:-
  • The bristles should be firmly fixed
  • The handle should be smooth
  • The handle should be of reasonable length                                     (Any 2pts – 2mks)
  1. Reasons for dampening clothes before ironing are;- (1mk)
  • For easy removal of creases
  • Smoothening of fibres                                                                       (Any 1pt 1mk)
  1. Precautions to take while cleaning wooden surfaces
  • Scrub along the grains to avoid damaging the grains
  • Avoid rough abrasives as they roughen the surface
  • Avoid use of hot water – it discolours the wood
  • Do not expose to direct sunlight as it will warp
  • Avoid sharp objects as it scratches the wood hence making it rough                    (Any 3pts 3mks)
  1. Points to look for when buying a saucepan are:-
  • The base should be flat to help the pan balance and for even distribution of heat
  • The lid should be well fitting
  • Fairly thick- walled for even thermal distribution and for durability purposes
  • The handle should be strong and firmly fixed to support the weight of the pan
  • The handle should be heat resisting
  • It should be smooth and well rounded for easy cleaning                            (Any 3pts 3mks)
  1. Uses of eggs in flour mixtures are:-
  • For aeration – e.g. in cake mixtures
  • For enriching the mixtures
  • To improve on colour of mixtures – e.g. cakes                    (Any 3pts 3mks)
  1. Linen fibres are identified as follows:-
  • Burns rapidly in and out of flame
  • Smells like burning papers when burnt
  • Resembles glass rod when viewed under the microscope               (Any 2 different pts (2mks)
  1. Decorative methods of disposing off fullness are:-
  • Use of pleats
  • Use of wills
  • Use of smoking
  • Shirring                                  (Any 4pts – 4mks)
  1. Causes of needle breaking when machine stitching are:-
  • Machining over pins/zip teeth
  • Pulling the fabric from the front when machining or while removing it from the machine
  • Needle crossly fixed
  • Bent needle                            (Any 2pts- 2mks)
  1. Suitability of French seams on fraying fabrics are:-
  • It’s exceptionally strong
  • It’s self-neatening
  1. Importance of consumer education
  • Helps people to understand their roles as consumers and their importance to manufacturers and service providers
  • Informs people on their rights as consumers so as not to be exploited
  • Enables one to  interpret and use advertisements wisely and to their own advantage
  • Informs one on the importance of family finance and the need to budget and spend family resources wisely and economically                (2mks)
  1. Factors that will affect the efficiency of a laundry soap are;-
  • Temperature of water used – whether warm or cold
  • State of water – whether hard or soft
  • Degree of soiling
  • Washing time
  • Mechanical agitation applied
  • Quality of soap being used                            (Any 3pts – 3mks)
  1. (a) Reasons for using tucks on children’s clothing are:-
  • For decoration
  • For letting out-to increase size
  • For management of fullness
  • To provide fashion features              (Any 2pts – 2mks)
  1. (b) Factors that may affect normal foetal development are:-
  • Nutrients
  • Drugs
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • German measles, malaria, e.t.c.                               (Any 4pts – 2mks)
  1. Advantages of home-based care of the sick are:-
  • Caters for those who lack funds for hospitalization
  • Elderly people prefer to be nursed at home in a familiar environment not surrounded by strangers
  • Its cheap especially for illness that are not life threatening e.g. minor wounds, colds and flu, e.t.c
  • Its suitable for nursing/lactating mothers so as not to expose their babies to a hospital environment
  • Patients receive emotional care from relatives and friends                                    (Any 2pts 2mks)
  1. (a) Steps in laundering wool
  • Take measurements and record to later confirm whether there was any change in size
  • Prepare warm water –wool is laundered in warm water throughout
  • Immerse a basin of heavily built warm soapy water and wash under water by kneading and squeezing keeping under water throughout the washing time
  • Warm water since wool shrinks when cold water is used
  • Water heavily built to ensure article is well immersed in water/soapy solution
  • Kneeling and squeezing used since wool felts and stretches if exposed to friction method of washing
  • Wash quickly and do not soak – soaking leads to shrinkage
  • Rinse severally in warm water
  • Final rinse in warm water to which a disinfectant has been added, Wool should never come in contact with cold water, Disinfect to kill germs
  • Dry under shade on well protected ground/surface wool is affected by sunlight – it makes the fibres harsh and felt protected surface because wool is eaten by moths
  • Take measurements and compare with previous to confirm whether there was any change in size –incase of any pat and pull gently where applicable.
  • Finish with a cool iron whilest damp – high temperature affects wool/wool air stretches and felts if ironed 
  • Air and store appropriately                                                               (well explained pts (10mks)

 

  1. (b) Steps in cleaning white canvas shoes with laces
  • Protect the work surface
  • Remove shoe laces
  • Dust or remove mud as is appropriate
  • Clean in warm soapy water with a laundry brush’ – scrub to remove all dirt
  • Rinse severally in warm water
  • Final rinse in cold water to freshen
  • Flick to remove excess water
  • Apply white polish sparingly using an old piece of cloth or polish brush
  • Dry in the hot sun tilted on it’s heels
  • Remove when dry and rub with a dry cloth to remove excess polish. Clean shoe laces appropriately
  • Dry n the sun
  • Lace up the shoes and leave ready for use (Well explained points 6mks)
  1. (c) A stained cup is cleaned by the following process:-
  • Soak in a hot solution of household bleach. Pour the solution when cold
  • Clean in warm soapy water and sponge
  • Rinse in warm water severally
  • Drip dry or dry with a soft cloth
  • Store appropriately                                                                                        (4mks)
  1. (a) Danger signs of pregnancy are;-
  • Vaginal bleeding – may lead to miscarriage
  • Oedema – signs of poor blood circulating or poisoning the foetus
  • Varicose veins – swollen and twisted painful veins on the legs may burst  and cause anaemia
  • Excessive vomiting – prevents proper nourishment to both mother and foetus
  • Dizziness-may be caused by inadequate iron in the blood (Toxaemia)
  • Haemorrhoids/piles – varicose veins in the anus. These are painful and may encourage constipation and loss of blood
  • Severe abdominal pain/backache signs of threatened miscarriage           (Any5pts well explained 10mks
  1. (b) Factors to consider when buying hand sewing needles are;-
  • Weight and thickness of fabric – the needles should be fine for the fabric
  • Eye should be big enough to take in thread
  • Rust proof for easy slipping
  • Farm,, straight and sharp- i.e. should not be deformed
  • Buy a variety of needles to carter for the sewing needs      (5pts stated & explained 5mks)

 

  1. (c) Causes of each of the following common faults.

         (i) A course texture in rubbed in cakes

  • Too high temperature
  • Too much raising agent
  • Insufficient mixing (Any 2pts – 2mks)

      (ii) Heavy and close texture in creamed cakes:-

  • Too slow an oven
  • Too much liquid
  • Insufficient creaming
  • Inadequate raising agent
  • Insufficient cooking
  • Too hot an oven, resulting in mixture forming in hard crust before air expands (Any2pt–2mks)

 

  1. (a) Three labelled diagrams to explain the working of a lapped seam
  • Fold the overlay along the seam or fitting line to the W.s and press. The under lay remains unfolded
  • Place the overlay on the R.S of the underlay, matching the F.L pin and tack
  • Working on the R.S machine stitch close to the fold through all the three layers of fabric
  • Remove tackings and press
  • On the W.S trim the raw edges to about 1cm
  • Neaten the two raw edges together by overcastting,  or machine zigzag
  • Press the seam on the R.S and W.S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                              

 

  1. (b) Functions of the following machine parts

          (i) Balance wheel

         –  Controls the movement of the machine/needle-it’s used for starting and stopping stitching

         (ii) Bobbin case – Secures the bobbin in place and for effective stitching               (1mk)

         (iii) Pressure foot lifter – Holds the fabric in place onto the feed dog during sewing            (1mk)

  1. (c) Qualities of a good cutting out shears
  • Must be rustproof
  • Sharp and firmly hinged
  • Long blades of at least 15cm for effective cutting
  • One blade should be narrower to slip under the fabric and another heavier to weigh down the fabric
  • Handles should have a smaller round hole for the thump and a larger heavy hole for the first three fingers
  1. (d)(i) Importance of care labels
  • Gives the correct laundry treatment so that the article is not damaged
  • Assist in the selection of the garment so that one does not buy a garment which he/she is unable to care for appropriately
  • Assists professional dry cleaners to know which dry cleaning solvents to use for a particular garment
  1. (d) (ii) Undesirable properties of nylon are;-
  • Its absorbent
  • Generates static electricity
  • Destroyed by long exposure to sunlight
  • Poor conductor of heat
  • Forms piles
  • Yellows with age
  • Slippery and frays easily (Any 2pts – 2mks)
  1. (a) Changes that occur when cooking ugali are;-
  • Boiling water softens the starch in the maize
  • Starch grains swell and burst releasing starch granules. This is termed as gelatinization
  • Stirring vigorously causes even distribution of water and starch granules and prevents formation of lumps
  • Further heating causes water that’s not combined with starch grains to evaporate thus setting the ugali
  • Continuous stirring of the ugali as it sets ensures even distribution of heat for thorough cooking
  • Covering the heat for a while ensures thorough cooking   (Any 5pts well explained – 10mks)
  1. (b) (i) Food fortification refers to the addition of a food nutrient into a given food e.g.

               addition of  vitamins  ABDE  into blue band, iodine in salt, e.t.c

            (ii) Food vehicle- Food to which fortification is carried out –e.g. when iodine is added to salt, salt  becomes the food vehicle

           (iii) Food supplements – These refer to alternative sources of food nutrients. Usually in form of

                   pills, tablets or capsules. They are taken in addition to the normal meals. E.g. iron                                                   

                tablets, vitamin A or C tablets e.t.c

  1. (c) Factors influencing consumer buying are;-
  • Price fluctuation
  • Complementary products
  • Substitute products
  • Income available
  • Time and energy
  • Family set-up
  • Inflation
  • Customs and traditions
  • Need to keep a certain self image/class
  • Rural/urban set-up                            (Any 4pts well explained       4mks)

 

 

 

                        *STK2*

  1. Economical ways of disposing refuse
  • Recycling
  • Making a compost pit
  • Mulching
  • Feeding animals                                                                                            Any 2 pts = 2 mks
  1. To descale/ defur

    Means removing deposits caused by hard water on the walls of bodies                                                1 mk

  1. Types of drainage
  • Free drainage – This is where waste water is poured anywhere around the house. Mainly common in the rural                                                                                                                         2 mks
  • Open drainage system – This consists of open drains which directs waste water away from the house and compound                                                                                                                        2 mks 
  • Conceded drainage system – In this drainage system waste water from the kitchen bathrooms and water closet is directed away from the house through waste pipes which lead it to the sewage works
  1. Uses of mangles
  • It rinses out water from wet clothes
  • It presses flat articles
  1. Categories under which clothes are sorted out
  • Amount of dirt
  • Use of the garment
  • Fibre content
  • Colour
  • Nature of garment/ article i.e. whether loose or fast coloured                                          3 mks
  1. Two common sponging solution
  • Warm water
  • Warm water and soap
  1. Natural immunizations def:

            This refers to the immunization a child receives from the mother while in the womb and while

            breast feeding

  1. Functions of Vitamin K
  • Essential for blood clotting
  • Necessary for normal functioning of the liver                                                                     2 mks
  1. Effects of heat on Vitamin C
  • Vitamin C is water soluble and is destroyed (lost) during preparation and cooking
  • Foods rich in vitamin C should be cooked quickly and served immediately to avoid reheating
  • The vitamin is also readily oxidized hence vegetables should be cooked with the lid on to minimize oxidation
  • Vegetables and fruits should be preferably served raw                                                       2 mks
  1. Differences between weaning and supplementary feeding
  • A baby is introduced to supplementary feeds at early stages in life – e.g. may begin at one month – weaning is introduced at 3 months and above- though there is no specified set age
  • In weaning, the child us introduced to solid foods, supplementary feeds are mainly in liquid form
  • Supplementary feeding comes before weaning – it is the introduction to weaning
  • Supplementary feeds are given in very small quantities – in weaning the proportion are larger

11        Medicine are chemical preparation that are used to prevent/ cure various diseases as prescribed   

         by a qualified medical personnel                                                                                             2 mks

  1. Precaution to take when using grease solvents
  • Work in an open airy place as they are highly toxic
  • Work away from flame as they are highly inflammable
  • Wash hand thoroughly immediately after use as they are poisonous
  1. What is valeting in home science? Explain its importance

            Valeting involves simple tasks that are carried out to clothes and accessories to maintain or

             enhance their appearance

  1. Major processes through which sodium is lost in the body
  • Perspiration
  • Urination
  • Tears
  1. Methods of neatening an overlaid seam
  • Loop stitching
  • Blanket stitch
  • Machine zigzag
  • Overcastting
  • Bin ding                                                                                                                                  3 mks
  1. Give two reasons why consumer education is taught in schools
  • Makes people to plan for the family resources and budget so as to spend family resources wisely
  • Informs people about their rights to avoid being exploited by manufacturers and sellers
  • Helps to interpret and use advertisements wisely
  • Helps people understand their role as consumers and their importance to manufactures and service providers                                                                                                                         3 mks
  1. The most important meal for the day is – Breakfast

            Why

  • Because it is taken after most of the food eaten the previous day have been absorbed leaving

             the stomach empty

  • It is the meal that starts the day                                                                                           1 mk
  1. a) Methods of sponging woolen coat
  • Shake and brush the garment thoroughly to remove surface dirt
  • Spread the garment on clean surface
  • Remove any stains using appropriate stain removers
  • Prepare two basins of warm water, add detergent to one and the other free of detergent
  • Dip a folded cloth in the warm soapy water and squeeze out excess solution
  • Sponge a small section at a time, overlapping parts
  • Rinse in clean warm water using a clean folded cloth
  • Final rinse in warm clean water
  • Clean systematically, starting from the W.S and move inwardly to the R.S. pay attention to double parts on W.S
  •  Rinse each portion appropriately
  • Dry in an airy place
  • Press with a warm iron
  • Air fold and store appropriately                                                                                           10 mks
  1. b) Laundering a white cotton blouse with chewing gum stain
  • Remove the stain appropriately by pouring very cold water or rub an ice cube over the stain. This hardens the chewing gum and then you can scrap it off using a blunt object e.g. knife
  • Treat the stained area with a solvent e.g. benzene or petrol then wash normally
  • Wash in hot soapy water using friction method
  • Rinse severally in hot water and finally in cold water to freshen
  • You can boil to further bleach or use laundry blue
  • Rinse in cold water
  • Dry on the clothes line in the hot sun
  • Iron with a hot iron
  • Air fold and store appropriately                                                                                           6 mks
  1. c) Points to consider when buying a washing machine
  • Consider the price and cost of maintenance should be reasonable
  • Select a well designed machine that is pleasant to work with
  • Bug from a reliable dealer who can service and repair when need arises
  • Check to ensure that all electrical are in good working order are of appropriate length and that the plug is of the proper cottage
  • Buy a machine made from rust proof material
  • The size and cleansing action must be suitable for the work it is expected to perform
  • Consider the control of the machine
  • It should be supplied with an instruction manual and a guarantee it is sighed and date
  • Consider the amount of space available. There should be adequate space for storage and operation of the machine                                                                                                          4 mks

 

  1. a) Principles of nutrient conservation in preparing vegetables
  • Foods e.g. legumes and pulses should be cleaned before soaking
  •  Foods should be thinly placed before couching. Using a sharp knife. Cutting and exposing them for long periods causes oxidation of vitamin such as A, C and E leading to their wastage
  • Wash vegetables and fruits before cutting them. Washing after cutting dissolves away vitamins and minerals that are lost since the washing water disorded
  • Clean vegetables and fruits using cold water. Hot water destroys heat sensitive vitamins e.g. vitamin C and B
  • Do not soak vegetables in the washing water because this dissolves vitamins nd minerals
  1. b) Functions of advertisements
  • Informs the consumer on the availability of certain goods or services and goods to access them
  • It is a quick and effective way of passing information about a new product
  • Advertising gives information on the varieties available of a specific product
  • Good advertising gives additional information about the product e.g. the nutritive value of foods or characteristics of textile fibre
  • Advertisements also entertain            5 mks
  1. c) Explain five factors to consider when renting a family house
  • Family size
  • Location
  • Tenancy conditions
  • Transport
  • Security
  • Amount of rent
  • Location                                                                                                                                 5 mks
  1. d) Uses of salt in the house
  • For flavouring foods
  • For removal of blood stains
  • To fix colour in loose coloured garments and articles
  • For dissolving mucus in handkerchiefs                                                                               2 mks

 

  1. a) Procedure of working machine fell seam, at shoulder
  • Place two pieces of fabric together W.S facing – working on the right side
  • Pin tack and machine stitch along the tacked line
  • Remove tackings and press the seam flat
  • Trim the back turning to within 3-4 mm. (The front turning remains uncut)
  • Fold the front turning over the cut back turning
  • Pin and tack close to the fold. (The seam should be flat)
  • Machine stitch close to the fold
  • Remove tackings and press the seam flat

 

  1. b) Ways of neatening an open seam
  • Loop stitching
  • Over casting
  • Binding
  • Machine zigzag
  • Edge stitching
  • Pinking
  1. c) Types of beriberi
  • Wet beriberi
  • Dry
  • Infertile beriberi
  • Infertile beriberi

 

Wet beriberi Dry beriberi
  1. Fluids are retained in the body
  2. Pronounced and rapid heart beat
  3. Chest pains
  4. Reduction in the amount of urine passed due to water retention in the body
Fluids not retained

Numbness and feeling of pin pricks

Weakness and wasting of muscles

Difficulty in walking or rising from a squarting position

 

  1. d) Points to consider when packing foods
  • Pack hot foods and drinks in flasks to be served hot
  • Pack each type of food separately
  • Remember to pack seasonings
  • Consider the number of people – pack adequate food according to number of people
  • Include cutlery in the packing
  •  The meal should be easy to pack and eat
  • Include a refreshing drink                                                                                                    4 mks

 

 

  1. a) Five social needs of an expectant mother
  • Friends and family members should be considerate and to ensure that they do not sideline her in their activities and decisions
  • It is important that the expected mother is assured that while she will be away someone will take care of her children while away
  • She should not be exposed to pressure or frustration both at home and at place of work
  • Nasty remarks about the pregnant mother should be avoided
  • Young children in the family should be informed about the coming baby and encouraged to welcome and accept the situation                                                                                        10 mks
  1. b) Points to consider when choosing personal clothes
  • Weather
  • Occasion
  • Fashion
  • Personal tastes and preferences
  • Figure type
  • Colour       10 mks

 

 

 

PAPER TWO

Answers 441/2

*NYR*

  PRESENTATION
1. PRESENTATION

–        Label on single fabric

–        Well pressed work

–        neat and no pins

–        Firm attachment of the label

–        Left half of the dress

2 CUTTING OUT

–        Smooth cutting

(1)  Dress front

(2)  Dress back

(3)  Sleeve

-Cutting on straight grain for the

1. Front

2. Back

3. Sleeve

4. Back neck facing

5. Front neck facing

Cutting diagonally for the sleeve binding and tiles

3.       OPEN SEAM

–        At the shoulder line award  zero if or open seam used

–        Straight stitchery line

–        Well neatened seam allowance

–        Even width of the neatened seam allowance

–        Seam pressed to lie flat

–        Matching well with the seam of the facings

 

 

4

FACINGS

–        Joining of the front and back neck facings

–        With an open seam

–        well neatened and neat work

–        Straight stitchery

5 FRENCH SEAM

–        Worked at the sides

–        Award zero if not French seam

–        Worked from R.s to W.s

–        Finishing on the W.s

–        Straight stitchery

–        Good tension of stitches

–        Knife edging

–        Neat

–        Within 0.4-0.8 final full

–        Fell facing the back

6 SLEEVE

FACED SLIT OPENING

–        Preparation of the facing

–        Attaching on the R.S

–        Slashing the opening

–        Turning to the wrong side evenly

–        Pressed to lie flat

–        Finishing on the W.s

7 UNDERARM SEAM

–        French seam

–        Fell 0.4-0.8mm

–        From R.S – W.s

–        Even in width

8 THE BINDIGNS

–        Attached onto the sleeve

–        Neat stitchery

–        Evenness of the binding

9 ATTACHMENT OF SLEEVE

–        Straight stitchery along the armhole

–        Good hang of sleeve

–        Gathers at the crown

–        Well distributed gathers

–        Armhole not neatened

–        Notches matching i.e. single to single and double to double

–        Underarm seam matching the side seam

 

 

 

 

 

 

*MGN*

 

  PRESENTATION                                                                                 *MGN*
1. PRESENTATION

–        Work well pressed ( ½  ) and folded( ½ )

–        Label firmly (1) fixed on a single (1) layer of fabric.

–        Pins and unnecessary tackings removed. (1)

–        Made up LEFT HALF (1)

2 CUTTING OUT                                                                                    *MGN*

–        CB/CF smoothly cut. (1)

–        Fabric cut on straight grain. (2)

–        BF (½) BB ((½)) Bindering  (½) Facing (½)

–        Lower edge of blouse well cut. (1)

3 WORKING ON DOUBLE POINTED DART                                    *MGN*

–        Correctly positioned dart (1)

–        Straight stitching (1)

–        Tapering to nothing on both ends (1)

–        Correct length of dart ( ½  ) (with 2 mm)

–        Firmly secured points ( ½  )

–        Darts pressed towards C.F. (1)

–        Middle of double dart snipped (1) to lie flat on both sides. (1)

4 SHOULDER SEAM (FRENCH SEAM)

(AWARD ZERO IF NOT FRENCH SEAM)                                *MGN*

–        Good straight stitching. (1)

–        Correct width of seam (1) (0.5 – 06 cm)

–        Evenness in width (1)

–        Self neatened raw edges all enclosed.. (1)

–        Good knife edge produced.. (1)

–        Seam pressed flat. (1)

5 SIDE SEAM (NEATENED OPEN SEAM)                                   *MGN*

(AWARD ZERO IF OT OPEN SEAM)

–        Good straight stitchery.(1)

–        Evenness of both sides. (1)

–        Flatness at the armhole joint. (1)

–        Correct size of seam (1) (0.8 – 1.2 cm each side) correctly neatened with edge stitching. (1)

–        Presses open. (1)

6 NECKLINE FACING                                                                          *MGN*

–        Facing correctly joined (1) to back facing using plain seam. (1)

–        Free edge of facing correctly. (1)

–        And neatly neatened (1)

  ATTACHMENT TO FACING

(Front Facing and Back Facing)                                                          *MGN*

–        Correct (½) placing of facing to neckline.

–        Good stitchery (1) (Back Front flatness of facing. (½)

–        Smoothness of neckline. (½)

–        Facing firmly fixed. (1)

–        Facing under stitched (½) from Top of neckline correctly produced.

7 CUTTING AND REPAIR OF HEDGE TEAR USING DARNING *MGN*

–        Correctly (1) cut triangular hedge tear repair using hand darning. (½)

–        Marked the vent of the tear. (½)

–        Used fish boned (1)

–        stitches to bring edges together.

–        Darn extending beyond vent. (½)

–        Threads firmly secured. (½)

–        Raw edges completely enclosed. (1)

8 BINDING ARMHOLE

–        Joining the binding piece. (1)

–        Correctly joined to armhole. (1)

–        Evenness of binding on both sides.(1)

–        Correct final stitching. (1)

 

 

*KSM*

  Maximum

score

Actual

score

remarks
1 PRESENTATION

-clean

-Well pressed

-Neatly pressed

-Tacks and pins removed

-Label firmly fixed and on singles fabric

 

½

½

½

1

1

   
  3 ½    
2.CUTTING OUT

-Straight grain to within 2mm

-C.F straight to within 2mm

-C.B straight to within 2mm

 

 

½

½

½

   
  1 ½    
PREPARATION      
A)WAIST DART

-correct length

-straight width

-straight stitchery

-dart tapering to nothing

-dart fastened  on and off

-pressed flat

-dart facing C.F

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

   
  3  ½    
B)CALICO PATCH

-patch correctly aligned

-straight grain  running continuously

-good stitchery

-straight stitchery

-stitching close to fold

-regular shape of patch

-regular shape of patch

-pressed flat

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

1/2

   
  4    
C)FRENCH SEAM

-Straight stitchery

-Good knife edging

-Raw edges enclosed

-Seam allowance trimmed

-Seam ¼ wide

-pressed

 

½

1

½

½

1

½

   
  4    
D)OPEN SEAM

-straight stitching

-open seam 1 wide when finished

-pressed open

-neatened by edge stitching

 

½

½

½

½

   
 

E) CONTINUOUS WRAP OPENING

-Straight stitchery

-Raw edges enclosed

-seam allowance trimmed ½ wide

-turning hemmed on W.S

-turning even throughout

 

½

1

½

1

1

   
  6    
F) CUFF PREPARATION  AND  ATTACHMENT

-Straight stitchery

-Raw edges trimmed

-Good knife edging

-Cuff interfaced

-Under cuff interfaced

-Correct alignment of cuff on sleeve

-Straight stitchery

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

   
  3 ½    
g)-seam allowance trimmed pressed

-cuff hemmed down to position

-cuff even

 

½

1

1/2

   
  2    
H)PREPARATION AND FIXING OF NECKLINE FACING

-front and back facing joined

-pressed

-edge stitching on free edge of facing

-correct alignment at neckline

-under stitching done

-seam allowance trimmed

-facing pressed and catch Stitched in position

 

½

½

½

1

1

½

1

   
  5    
I) ATTACHING OF SLEEVE

-Sleeve correctly aligned

-Smoothly attached

-Gathers evenly distributed at crown

-Good hang

-Good stitchery

-Armhole seam neatened with loop stitches

-Armhole seam and side seam crossing

to within 2mm

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

 

1

   
  4    
J)SLIP HEMMING BACK BODICE LOWER HEM

-correct section hemmed

-hem edge stitched

-slip hemmed

-hem even

pressed flat

 

½

½

½

½

½

 

   
  2 ½    
K)WORKING OF BUTTONHOLE AND

ATTACHING SHIRT BUTTON

-Button hole cut along the thread

-Correct Button hole stitch used

-Button hole stitch even

-Round end over sewn

-Bar end with a bar of stitches

-button correctly positioned

-Shank created

-Button hole stitch worked to fasten WS

-Button firmly fixed

 

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

½

   
  4 ½    
total 45    

 

 

 

*KKC*

  AREAS MARKED MAXIMUM

SCORE

ACTUAL

SCORE

 

REMARKS

1. PRESENTATION

(a)   Pins and threads removed.

(b)  Work well pressed.

(c)   Work well folded.

(d)  Labeled.

(e)   Label firmly fixed.

(f)   Label fixed on single layer of fabric.

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

   
    3 ½    
2. CUTTING OUT

(a)   Pieces cut out on straight grain of fabric as shown in the pattern pieces.

(b)  C.F. and C.B. well cut on grain line.

 

 

5

2

   
    07    
3. DART

(a)   Straight stitchery.

(b)  Tapering to the point.

(c)   Thread well fastened at the point.

(d)  Flatness of the dart on W.S. and R.S.

(e)   Pressed to C.B.

(f)   Correct length of dart.

(g)  Correct width.

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

   
    07    
4. FRENCH SEAM

(a)   French seam made (if not French seam give 0).

(b)  Straight stitchery.

(c)   Even in size.

(d)  Well knife edged.

(e)   Raw edges not showing through the seam.

(f)   Pressed flat to face the back.

(g)  Appearing on the W.S. of dress.

 

1

 

1

1

1

 

1

1

½

   
    6 ½    
5. PLAIN SEAM

(a)   Plain seam made (If not give 0).

(b)  Made on W.S. of dress.

(c)   Straight stitchery.

(d)  Both seam allowance held together and neated.

(e)   Evenness in width.

(f)   Pressed flat to face the C.B.

 

1

1

1

 

1

1

1

   
    06    
6. PATCH POCKET

(a)   Appearing on the R.S of dress.

(b)  Evenly made hem at the pocket mouth.

(c)   Edge of pocket well tacked under.

(d)  Bulky seam allowances cut off rendering pocket flat.

(e)   Well stitched all round.

AREAS MARKED

(f)   Pocket mouth reinforced appropriately.

(g)  Bace well curved (not gathered).

 

½

 

1

1

1

 

1

1

1

 

½

   
    06    
7.  FACINGS

(a)   Both back and front facings used.

(b)  Back and front facing appearing on W.S. Front on Front. Back on Back dress.

(c)   Both joined well on stitching line.

(d)  Seam trimmed and pressed open.

(e)   Both well neatened at the edge.

(f)   Well attached at the neckline with the neat stitches.

(g)  Stitching line followed, rendering the neckline smooth and well curved. Seams matching.

(h)  Pressed flat W.S. to face W.S.

(i)    Seams well trimmed to avoid bulk.

(j)    Well under stitched.

 

½

 

½

 

1

1

1

 

1

 

2

 

1

1

1

   
    10    
8. HEM SLIP HEM

(a)   Straight stitchery.

(b)  Evenness in width.

(c)   No bulk.

1

1

1

1

   
    4    

 

 

*RCH*

  PROCESSES
1. PRESENTATION

·       well  pressed  work(1) and well folded(1)

·       label (1)well fixed  on  single(1) fabric

·       unnecessary temporary stitches

·       tacking, threads and  pins removed(1)

·       made up of the  left  half(1)

   
2. CUTTING OUT AND  GRAINING

·       All eight pattern pieces cut on

·       straight grain( ½ x8)max 4

·       Smooth  cutting out of edges at CB

·       of yoke(1) and  skirt(1)

·       Smooth cutting  out of edges  of CF 

·       of yoke (1) and skirt(1)

   
3. OVERLAID SEAM AT  YOKE

If  not  overlaid  seam  give  zero

·       quality  of stitchery (1)

·       stitched close  to  the  edge  of front( ½ ) of  back (1/2 ) yoke

·       evenness of seam allowance  on W.S  of 

·       front( ½ ) on  back (1/2 )yoke

   
4. OPEN SEAM AT SHOULDER

If not  open seam  give zero

·       Straight  stitchery(1)

·       Right  size(1cm when finished)(1)

·       Seam  pressed  flat/open(1)

(if seam  is neatened deduct 1)

   
5. INTERFACED  COLLAR

·       Interfaced(1)firmly fixed(1)

·       Well knife edged(1)

·       Correctly  positioned(1)

·       Flatness  of the attached collar(1)

·       Correct shape (1)  and size(1)of the attached collar

·       Neckline seam  evenly trimmed( ½ )and snipped(1)

·       Collar well trimmed(1) and snipped(1) evenly

   
6. FREE EDGE  OF  FACING

If not neatened give  zero

·       Edge neatened by  machine(1)

·       Straight stitchery( ½ )

·       Trimmed to  less than 3mm (1)

   
7. FRENCH SEAM AT SIDE  OF DRESS

If not French seam  give zero

·       Correct  width  of seam

·       Evenness(1)

·       All raw edge enclosed(1)

·       Straight stitchery(1)

·       Pressed flat to wards CB(1)

·       Underarm seam and  side seam meeting  the  point  to within 2mm(1)

·       Knife edged(1)

   
8. PREPARATION AND ATTACHMENT OF FRILL

·       Inverted  pleats well positioned(1)

·       Straight  stitchery of open seam(1)

·       Frill attached  to front skirt only(1)

·       Neatened by use of loop stitches(1)

·       Loop stitches 0.2cm from the edges (1)

 

 

 

*MUM*

 
1. PRESENTATION                                                                 *MUM*

– Clean work and neatly folded, well pressed

– Tackings and pins removed

– label firming sewn and on single fabric

– RIGHT hay made

2. CUTTING                                                                           

– If smoothly cut and straight to within 2mm

– CB smoothly cut and straight to within 2 mm

– Pocket facing cut on cross grain

– Both waist bands cut on fold

3. WAIST

– Correct length

– Correct width

– Straight stitchery

– Tapering to notching

– correctly reinforced

– Well pressed on RS

– Fold facing CB

4. PATCH POCKET

– Pocket and facing correctly matched and stitched RS together

– Facing under stitched

– A good knife edge between pocket and facing

– Facing edge stitched

– Facing neatly hemmed onto the pocket

– Pocket seam allowance trimmed

– Pocket lower corners mitred

– Pocket stitched close to the edge

– Straight stitchery

– Pocket mouth correctly reign forced

– Pockets flat and on straight grain

– Correct position onskirt

5. GATHERS

– Gathers made not pleats

– Evenly distributed on front skirt

– Gathering stitches removed

– Well pressed

6. OPEN SEAM

– Straight stitchery

– Straight wide when finished

– Neatened by edge stitching

– Pressed open

– Even

– Correct tension of stitches

7. ZIP– Correct position

– Back turning stitched with the fold close to the zip teeth

– Front turning machined 1cm from the fold

– Machined on RS and across to the seam

– Upper zip end enclosed in waist band

– Lower zip and enclosed in the seam

– Zip completely hidden

8. UN-INTERFACED WAIST BAND

– Correct size of waist band

– Waist attached on RS

– Correctly folded along fold line

– Hemmed on W.S by picking on the stitches

– Waist band flat

– Sharp corners at tie ends

– A good knife edge at the ends

– Tie ends stitched RS together and turned over

– Tie ends even in size and length

9. HEM

– Edge stitched and folded on hem hire

– Open seam flat

– Hem even and flat

– Running stitches even and small in size, and rein forced

 

 

KKE*

1. PRESENTATION Marks
(a) Well pressed (a) well folded (1) 1
(b) Clearly written and firmly sewn label (1) on single fabric (1) 2
(c) Removal of unnecessary stitches (½) threads (½) pins (½) 1 ½
(d) Made up of right half (1) 1
(e) Clean work, not dust, not stained (1) 1
  9mks
2. CUTTING OUT AND GRAINING  
(a) CB of dress smoothing cut (1) and on grain to within 2mm (1) 2
(b) CF of dress smoothly cut (1) and on grain to within 2mm (1) 2
(c) Front and back neck facings smoothly cut (1) and on grain to within 2mm (1) 2
(d) Collar smoothly cut (1) and on grain to within 2mm (1) 2
(e) Sleeve smoothly cut (1) and on grain to within 2mm (1) 2
(f) Ties smoothly cut (1) to within 2mm (1) 2
  12mks
3. French seam  at the shoulder      (if not French seam give 0)  
(a Joined with straight stitchery (1) 1
(b) Evenness of seam (1) width about 6mm (1) 1
(c)  Flatness of seam (1) 2
(d) Facing right direction back (1) 1
  5mks
4. SLEEVE  
(a) Good hang (1) 1
(b) Well distributed gathers at the crown (on R.S) (2) but the notches (2). 4
(c) Under arm seam joining with straight stitching line (1) 1
(d) Under arm seam meeting side seam to within 2mm (1) 1
(e) Arm hole seam joined within straight stitchery line (1) 1
(f) Under arm seam flat at arm hole (1) 1
(g) Facing used on sleeve opening (1) 1
(h) Lower edge of sleeve bound (1) 1
(i) Ties well finished by top stitching(1) 1
(j) Notches correctly matched (1) 1
  13mks
 

5. COLLAR

 
 (a) Inter faced (1) well done             (1) 1
 (b) Straight stichery                          (1) 1
(c)Seam allowance trimmed (1) simp (1) 2
(d) Flatness of coillar                                     (2) 2
(e) Collar well positioned and fitting (2) 2
  11mks
6. FACINGS  
(a) Straight stitchery when joining F and B facings (1) 1
(b) Facings well fixed (1) to finish collar raw edges (1) lying flat (1), trimmed ( ½  ) 3 ½
  5mks
7. SIDE SEAM(if not open seam do not crowd)  
(a) Good stitchery (2) straight  
(b) Correct width (1m) (2) 2
(c) Appropriately edge stitched (2) 2
(d) Flatness (2) pressed open (2) 4
(e) Seam allowance even in width (2) 4
  12mks
8. SLEEVE OPENING

(a) Slit opening (1)

(b) Correct length (5cm) to within 2mm (2)

(c) correctly faced (1) flat (1) and lying on the wrong side of garment (2)

(d) Straight stichery (1)

1

2

2

2

1

  8mks
*NDW*

PRESENTATION

1.PRESENTATION

  • Work labelled firmly on single fabric
  • When pressed and carefully folded
  • Pin  unnecessary  tacking remove
  • Made up  for  the left leg
 
2.CUTTING  OUT STRAIGHT GRAINING

  • Short front cut on straight  grain ( ½ )
  • Short bank smoothly cut( ½ ) on

straight  grain( ½ )

  • Waist and  cut on  straight grain ( ½ )
  • Fig( ½ )opening facing cut on  straight grain( ½ )
  • Fly binding cut  on bias(1)
 
3.WORKING OF BACK  DART

  • Straight stitchery ( ½ )tapering

to nothing( ½ )

  • Thread  well reinforced(1)
  • Correct length ( ½ )and  width( ½ )
  • Dart  pressed towards C.B( ½ ) and  lie flat( ½ )
 
4.FACING OF THE SHORT OPENING

  • Correct position( ½ )
  • Avoid stitching-size( ½ )tension( ½ )

and straight( ½ )

  • Well pressed( ½ )and flat( ½ )
 
5.PREPARATION AND ATTACHMENT OF FLY

  • Fly appropriately prepared( ½ )
  • Fly lined( ½ )with  the attached facing ( ½ )
  • Raw edge neated together( ½ )using  the bias binding(1)
  • Quality of  stitching-tension( ½ )size( ½ )and straight(1)
  • Fly fixed in position by top  stitching(1)
 
6.WORKING OF PLAIN SEAM AT THE SIDE

  • Correct seam plain(1)(if open award zero)
  • Straight stitchery(1)
  • Correct tension( ½ )and size of stitches( ½ )
  • Seam appropriately neatened(1)
  • Only half of seam neatened(1)
 
7.NEATENED  OPEN SEAM(INNER LEG)

  • Correct seam(1)if not open award zero
  • Quality of stitchery-tension( ½ )
  • Size(1/2)and straight( ½ )
  • Evenness of seam( ½ )
  • Seam appropriately finished(1)
  • Pressed hem( ½ )lie flat( ½ )
 
 

8.PREPARATION AND ATTACHMENT  OF

WAIST BAND

  • Waist band interfaced( ½ )
  • Interfacing  correctly held(1)
  • Turning trimmed on both sides(1)
  • Correct  width( ½ )size( ½ )and even
  • ( ½ )according to the pattern
  • Correct stitchery-tension( ½ )size( ½ ) and straight( ½ )
  • Waist  band  knife edged(1)
  • Waist b and appropriately finished( ½ )
 
9.PREPARATION OF HEM

  • Correct  width of  hem( ½ )
  • Evenness of width(1)
  • Correct edge stitched before turning under(1)
  • Slip hemming used(1)firmly done(1)
  • Not  showing on R.S( ½ )
  • Only half neatened ( ½ )(from side seam to inner leg) (1)
  • Hem pressed flat(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*STK*

 

(1) PRESENTATION

MAX   SCORE  

REMARKS

Work well pressed ( ½  ) and folded( ½ )

Label firmly (1) fixed on a single (1) layer of fabric.

Pins and unnecessary tackings removed. (1)

Made up LEFT HALF (1)

 

 

 

5

   
 

(2) CUTTING OUT

CB/CF smoothly cut. (1)

Fabric cut on straight grain. (2)

BF (½) BB ((½)) Bindering  (½) Facing (½)

Lower edge of blouse well cut. (1)

 

4

   
 

WORKING ON DOUBLE POINTED DART

Correctly positioned dart (1)

Straight stitching (1)

Tapering to nothing on both ends (1)

Correct length of dart ( ½  ) (with 2 mm)

Firmly secured points ( ½  )

Darts pressed towards C.F. (1)

Middle of double dart snipped (1) to lie flat on both sides. (1)

 

 

 

 

 

7

   
 

SHOULDER SEAM (FRENCH SEAM)

(AWARD ZERO IF NOT FRENCH SEAM)

Good straight stitching. (1)

Correct width of seam (1) (0.5 – 06 cm)

Evenness in width (1)

Self neatened raw edges all enclosed.. (1)

Good knife edge produced.. (1)

Seam pressed flat. (1)

 

 

 

 

 

6

   
 

SIDE SEAM (NEATENED OPEN SEAM)

(AWARD ZERO IF TO OPEN SEAM)

Good straight stitchery.(1)

Evenness of both sides. (1)

Flatness at the armhole joint. (1)

Correct size of seam (1) (0.8 – 1.2 cm each side) correctly neatened with edge stitching. (1)

Presses open. (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

   
NECKLINE FACING

Facing correctly joined (1) to back facing using plain seam. (1)

Free edge of facing correctly. (1)

And neatly neatened (1)

 

 

 

4

   
 

ATTACHMENT TO FACING

(Front Facing and Back Facing)

Correct (½) placing of facing to neckline.

Good stitchery (1) (Back Front flatness of facing. (½)

Smoothness of neckline. (½)

Facing firmly fixed. (1)

Facing under stitched (½) from Top of neckline correctly produced.

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

   
CUTTING AND REPAIR OF HEDGE TEAR USING DARNING

Correctly (1) cut triangular hedge tear repair using hand darning. (½)

Marked the vent of the tear. (½)

Used fish boned (1)

stitches to bring edges together.

Darn extending beyond vent. (½)

Threads firmly secured. (½)

Raw edges completely enclosed. (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

   
BINDING ARMHOLE

Joining the binding piece. (1)

Correctly joined to armhole. (1)

Evenness of binding on both sides.(1)

Correct final stitching. (1)

 

 

 

4

   
                                                  GRAND TOTAL        50 MKS    
   

 

 

*TNW*

  MAX.

SCORE

SCORE REMARKS
A. PRESENTATION

a) Well pressed1, well folded1.

b) Firmly labelled1, on single fabric1.

c) Pins1/2  and unnecessary ½ threads removed.

d) Made up of the left half1.

 

2

2

1

1

   
Sub -Total 06    
B. CUTTING

a) All nine pieces cut 9 x ½ .

b) Back bodice well cut2, on straight grain to

within 3 mm (0.3 cm) smooth1 on C/F.

c) Front bodice well2, cut on straight grain to

within 3 mm (0.3 cm)1 smooth on C/F1.

d) Collar smoothly on C/B1, cut on straight of

grain to within 2 mm (0.2 cm)1.

e) Front and back facing well and smoothly cut  (1 x 2)

on straight of grain to within 2 mm  (0.2 cm)

    (½ x 2).

f) Sleeve well cut1 straight of grain1.

g) Cuff well cut on1 straight of grain1.

h) Skirt well (2 x 2) cut smooth at the lower edge.      (1 x 2)

 

4 ½

 

3

 

4

 

2

 

 

3

2

2

6

   
Sub – Total 26 ½    
C. MARKING UP

1. Working of shoulder and neck line darts.

a) Machine from wider part tapering to nothing1.

b) Straight stitchery made1.

c) Firmly secured (either by knot, weaving or by

slipping into the fold.

d) Correct length made 7 cm within 2 mm (0.2 cm)

(1 x 2).

e) Correct width 1cm made to within 1 mm (0.1 cm) (1 x 2).

f) Pressed to the right direction neck dart to C/F and

shoulder dart to C/B (1 x 2)

 

 

1

1

 

2

 

2

 

2

 

2

   
Sub – Total 10    
2. Working of shoulder seam.

     French Seam 2or zero (0)

a)     Straight stitchery of the first row.

b)     Seam trimmed evenly to 6 cm to within 4 mm (0.4 cm).

c)     Free edge well enclosed. (No threads scan or R.S)

d)     Straight stitchery of the 2nd along the seam allowance2.

– Seam knife edged1 and pressed towards the back1.

e)     Correct width made of 0.6 cm (6 mm)  to within

1 mm.

f)    Seam flat on both R.S. & W.S. free from pucker.

 

1

 

1

1

 

4

 

1

1

   
Sub- Total 09    
3.  BACK AND FRONT FACING JOINING

a) Using open seam to join.

b) Made with straight stitchery.

c) Trimmed to 1 cm to within 1 mm.

d) Pressed open.

e) Neatened the free edge close to the edge.

f) Neatened with even straight stitchery.

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

   
Sub- Total 06    
4. PREPARATION OF INTERFACED COLLAR

    a) Collar well interfaced.

b) Good smooth stitchery2 along the seam allawance1.

c)Trimmed to 4 cm to with in 2 mm (0.2 cm).

d) Collar knife edged2 sharp pointed tip infront1 and

back left open1.

 

1

3

1

 

4

   
Sub- Total 09    
 

5. ATTACHING OF COLLAR USING INTERFACING

   a) Front interfacing attached to the front bodice (Do not

trim the turnings).

b) Collar correct positioned at the centre front1 ½  and free

edge at the centre back1 ½ .

c) Neatening the neckline with the front & back facing1

with smooth stitchery1, trimmed to 1 cm1, snipped1, stay

stitched the facing at the shoulder line1.

d) Collar lay flat on both sides. (R.S. & W.S).

e) Correct length 29 cm to within 2 mm (0.2 cm). Measure

from the ship T.P. at the front to free edge at the back.

f) Correct width (depth) of collar of 8 cm to within 2 mm

(0.2 cm).

– Finish the base of the wrap by machine stitch.

 

 

1

 

3

 

 

5

2

 

2

 

2

   
Sub- Total 18    
6. WORKING OF SIDE SEAM

Using Open Seam or zero (0)

a)     Machine stitch straight stitchery along seam line.

b)     Neatened the turning close to the edge with straight stitchery.

c)     Seam pressed open, correct seam width of 2 cm to within 2 mm (0.2 cm).

d)     Seam flat both R.S. & W.S.

 

 

1

 

2

 

2

1

   
Sub- Total 06    
7. WORKING OF SKIRT

    Joining the skirt with double stitchery.

a)     1st row made with straight stitchery.

b)     Back turning evenly trimmed to 1 cm.

c)     Front turning well enclosed2 the fell laying towards the back1/2 (no thread seen on R.S.)

d)     2nd  row stitched close to the edge.

e)     Correct width of 1 cm to within 2 mm (0.8 – 1.2 cm)

f)      Seam flat on both R.S. and W.S.

g)     Inverted plea created at the side seam ½ cm each side of seam.

h)     Knife pleats made facing the C/F and C/B respectively.

 

 

1

2

 

2 ½

1

1

1

 

1

2

 

   
Sub- Total 11 ½    
8. BODICE ATTACHMENT ON SKIRT

    Use Overlaid or zero (0)

a)     Smooth stitchery of both the front and the back dress.

b)     Seam laid over the fitting line (seam allowance) seam not neatened or trimmed.

c)     Front skirt aligned with front blouse and back with back skirt.

 

 

2

 

2

1 ½

   
Sub- Total 6 ½    
9. WORKING OF SLEEVE

    Use Open Seam or zero (0)

a)     Underarm seam made with straight stitchery.

b)     Seam turning well neatened with even stitchery and close to the edge.

c)     Seam press open.

d)     Gathers made at the sleeve head and lower edge along fitting line.

– Gathers well distributed to 18 cm at the head to

within 2 mm.

– The lower edge of the sleeve with gathers well

distributed evenly all round.

 

1

4

1

2

 

1

2

   
Sub- Total 11    
10. ATTACHMENT OF THE CUFF

– Joining the two ends with an open seam.

– Seam trimmed to 1 cm.

– Attaching the seam to the low edge of the sleeve with a

smooth stitchery using plain seam.

– Seam trimmed to 6 mm (0.6 cm) to within 2 mm

(0.2 cm).

– Neatening with slip hemming stitches evenly spaced.

 

1

1

 

4

 

1

4

   
Sub- Total 11    
11. SETTING IN SLEEVE

      – Good hang of sleeve.

– Gathers well distributed around the crown between the

notches.

– Notches matching1 seam of both the underarm hole and

side seam matching (2 x 2) & meeting at the point to

within 2 mm2.

– Good smooth stitchery2 around the armhole maintaining

seam allowance2.

– Left untrimmed and unneatened.

 

1

 

1 ½

 

 

7

 

4

1

   
Sub- Total 14 ½    
HORIZONTAL BUTTON HOLE

– Cut on straight of grain

– Using button hole stitch.

– Work of one side & overcastting the round edge (thread not cut) N/B:  Thread should be single.

     
 

TOTAL

150/2

75 MKS

   

 

 

PAPER THREE

*KKC*

1.

 

 

 

CHOICE OF ITEMS

–        Recipe availability.

–        Correct quantities.

–        Suitability of meals.

   
2. ORDER OF WORK

–        Availability

–        Correct sequence

LIST OF EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS

–        Availability.

–        Adequacy.

–        Appropriateness.

   
 

3.

 

PREPARATION

–        Correct procedure.

–        Appetizer.

–        Protein.

–        Carbohydrate.

–        Cereal

–        Beverage.

Methods of cooking.

–        Appetizer (juice)

–        Protein

–        CHO.

–        Cereal

–        Beverage

   
 

4.

Hygiene & Presentation.

–        Personal

–        Handling food.

–        Centre piece.

–        Table well set.

–        Clean utensils.

   
 

5.

ECONOMY:

§  On fuel

§  On water

§  On resources

   
6. CLEANING UP:

§  During work 1

§  After work 1

 

 

*NYR*

DETAILS                                                                                             *NYR*
ACTUAL PLAN OF WORK

-Choice of dishes suitable choice

– List of equipment

– List of food stuffs

– Availability of recipe

– Proper sequencing of activities

– Quantities of food stuffs and equipment

 
PREPARATION, COOKING AND SERVING

–        choice meal

–        varied the methods of cookings (at least two)

–        Correct preparation and cooking methods

(i) Protein dish

(ii) Carbohydrates dish

(iii) Vegetable dish

(iv) Baked item

 
QUALITY OF DISHES

  1. Protein dish
  2. Carbohydrates
  3. Vegetable dish
  4. Baked dish
 
GENERAL EFFICIENCY

–        Personal hygiene

–        Food hygiene

–        Kitchen hygiene Economy of food, water and other resources

 
 

SERVING AND PRESENTATION

–        Use of clean and suitable tea towel and clothes

–        Clean and well pused

–        Appropriate serving dishes

–        Attractive centpiese

–        Food not pieled

–        Appropriate gravity

–        General appearance

 
CLEANING UP

–        During work

–        After work

 

 

 

*KSM*

 

Area of assessment Max score Actual score remarks
1. PLAN

a)Recipe

  • Availability
  • Correct qualities
  • Suitability of menu

b)order of work

  • availability
  • correct sequencing

c)list of food stuff  and equipment

  • availability
  • adequacy(quantities)
  • appropriateness
 

 

1

1

1

 

1

1

 

 

1

1

½

   
  Total 7 ½    
2.  PREPARATION

a)correct procedure

  • item 1
  • item 2
  • drink
  • variety of cooking methods

at least 2

b)quality of  results

  • item 1
  • item2
  • drink
 

 

2

2

2

 

1

 

1

1

1

   
  Total 10    
3.  SERVING/PRESENTATION

  • cleaning and well pressed table cloth
  • centre piece
  • appropriate and clean serving equipment
  • logical arrangement of items on the table
  • correct amount of food prepared and served
 

½

½

1

½

½

   
  Total 3    
4.  HYGIENE AND ORGANIZATION

a)During work

  • personal(½)
  • food(½)working area(½)

b)Economy of resources

  • water(½) food( ½)fuel(½)
  • cleaning materials(½)

c)cleaning and tidying up

  • during work
  • after work
 1 ½

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

   
  Total 4 ½    
Grand total 25    

 

 

*MGN*

 

  PLAN AREAS OF ASSESSMENT                                  
1. Recipes                                                                                      *MGN*

–        Availability.

–        Correct quantities.

–        Correct choice.

Order of work

–        Availability

–        Proper sequencing.

List of food studs & Equip.

–        Availability.

–        Adequacy.

–        Appropriateness.

2.

 

PREPARATION                                                                    *MGN*

Correct Procedure

–        1st course.

–        2nd course.

Methods of cooking (2)

Quality of results.

–        1st course.

–        2nd course.

3. PRESENTATION                                                                 *MGN*

 Utensils

–        Appropriate

–        Cleanliness

–        Centre piece

–        General impression

–        Personal (½ ) food hygiene (½ )

4. Economy of resources                                                            *MGN*

–        Water

–        Food

–        Fuel

–        Material

   
5. Clearing Up                                                                          *MGN*

–        During work

–        After work.

   

 

 

 

*NDW*

AREAS OF ASSESSMENT MAXIMUM SCORE ACTUAL SCORE REMARKS
1.PLAN

Recipes

  • Availability
  • Correct quantities
  • Correct choice

Order of work

  • Availability
  • Proper sequencing

 

List of  food stuffs and Equipment

  • Availability
  • Adequacy
  • Appropriateness

 

 

 

½

1

1

 

½

½

 

 

1

½

1

 

   
  6    
2.PREPARATION

Correct procedure

  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Vitamin
  • Drink

-cereal

-tea

Methods of  cooking  (at least two)

Quality  of results

  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Vitamin
  • Cereal
  • Tea
 

1

1

1

½

½

2

 

1

1

 

1

1

½

½

   
  10    
3.PRESENTATION

Food presented on a

tray(1)use  clean( ½ )

well ironed( ½ )tray  cloth

correct placement of all items(1)

Utensils

  • Appropriate
  • Cleanliness

Centre  piece

General impression

Personal( ½ )and

Food hygiene( ½ )

 

2

 

 

1

 

½

 

½

½

½

½

½

   
       
4.ECONOMY OF RESOURCES

  • Water
  • Food
  • Fuel
  • Cleaning materials
 

½

½

½

½

   
5.CLEARING UP

  • During work
  • After work
 

½

½

   
TOTAL 25    

 

 

 

*MAT*

  PLAN AREA OF ASSESSMENT                           *MAT*
1 Availability

·       Correct quantities

·       Correct choice

2 Order of work

·       Availability

·       Proper sequencing

3 List of food stuffs

·       Equipment

·       Availability

·       Adequacy

·       Appropriateness

4 Preparation

·       Correct procedure

·       Course I – protein

·       Course II – Vegetale

·       Carbohydrates

·       Salad

5 Methods of cooking

·       Protein

·       Vegetable

·       Carbohydrate

·       Salad preparation

6 Presentation

·       Utensils

·       Appropriate

·       Cleanliness

·       Centre piece

·       General impression

7 Economy of resources

·       Water

·       Food

·       Fuel

·       material

8 Clearing up

·       During work

·       After work

 

 

*UGU*

AREAS OF ASSESSMENT PLAN                           *UG*
1. Plan

–        Recipe

–        Availability

–        Correct quantities

–        sustainability

   Order of work

–        Availability

–        Proper sequencing

   List  of Foodstuff, Materials and Equipment

–        Availability

–        Adequacy

–        Appropriateness

2. PREPARATION

–        Correct Procedure

–         Proteins

–        Carbohydrates

–         Vitamins/mineral |Salts

–        Drink

Quality of results

–        Proteins

–        Carbohydrates

–        Vitamins/Mineral Salts

–        Drink

3. Presentation

   Utensils

-appropriate

– cleanliness

Garnishing

General impression

Personal(1) and Food(1) Hygiene

4. Economy of Resources

–        Water (½ )

–        Food (½ )

–        Fuel(½ )

–        Materials(½ )

5. Clearing up

– During work (1)

– After work (1)

 

 

*RACH*

  PLAN AREAS  OF ASSESSMENT
1. PLAN

RECIPES

Availability

Correct  quantities

Correct  choice  of  menu

ORDER OF WORK

Availability

Proper sequencing

Correct  time  budgeting

LIST OF FOODSTUFF & EQUIPMENT

Availability

Adequacy

appropriateness

2. PREPARATION

CORRECT PROCEDURE

Protein dish

Carbohydrate dish

vitamin dish

Nutritious  drink

METHOD  OF  COOKING(at least two)

QUALITY  OF  RESULTS

Protein  dish

Carbohydrates  dish

Vitamin dish

Nutritious drink

3. PRESENTATION

UTENSILS

Appropriate

Cleanliness

CENTRE PIECE

GENERAL IMPRESSION

HYGIENE-personal hygiene

                  – food hygiene

4. ECONOMY OF RESOURCES

water

food

fuel

materials

5. CLEARING UP

during  work

after work

 

*KKE*

 

  AREAS OF ASSESSMENT Max score Actual score Remarks
1 RECIPE

(a) Availability

(b) Correct qualities

(c) Suitability of menu

 

Order of work

(a) Availability

(b) Correct sequences

List of food stuffs and equipment

(a) Availability

(b) Adequacy

(c) Appropriateness

 

1

2

1

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

   
    9    
2.  PREPARATION

Correct procedure

Main meal

Drink

Method of cooking (at least 2)

Quality of results

(a)Main meal

(b) Drink

 

 

2

2

1

 

1

1

   
    7    
3. PRESENTATION

Utensils

(a)   Appropriate

(b)  Clean

(c)   Centre piece

 

 

1

½

½

   
    2    
  Grand total 18    

 

 

*MUM*

AREAS OF ASSESSMENT MAX SCORE ACTUAL SCORE REMARKS
1. PLAN

–  Recipe

– Correct quantities

– Suitability of items

 

Order of work

– Availability

– Proper sequence

 

List of food stuffs materials and equipments

– Availability

– Adequacy

– Appropriateness

 

1

1

1

 

 

1

½

 

 

1

½

1

7

   
2. PREPARATION

Correct procedure                                                                  – Protein

– Carbohydrates

– Vitamin

– Drink

Methods of cooking (atleast 2)

 

Quality of results

– Protein

– carbohydrate

– Vitamin

– Drink

 

 

1

2

1

1

1

 

 

1

1

1

1

10

   
3. PRESENTATION

  • Utensils

– Appropriate

– Clean

– All placed in one container

 

Hygiene

–        Personal ( ½ )  Food  ( ½ )

Economy of resources

– Water ( ½ )

– Fuel ( ½ )

– Materials ( ½ )

– Food ( ½ )

Cleaning up

During work (1)

After work (1)

TOTAL

 

 

1

1

1

3

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

2

5

25

   

 

 

*STK*

  AREAS OF ASSESSMENT MAXIMUM SCORE ACTUAL SCORE REMARKS
1. PLAN      
  (a) RECIPES

–        availability

–        correct quantities (for two people)

– correct choice (meals for adolescents)

i.e well balanced meal

 

½

½

 

1

   
  (b) order of work

– availability

– proper sequencing

 

½

1

   
  (c) List of foodstuffs, equipment and other materials

Availability

– Adequacy

– Appropriateness

 

 

½

½

½

5

   
 

 

2

 

PREPARATION

     
  a)     Correct procedure of

protein dish

– Carbohydrate dish

– Vegetable

– Fruit juice

 

2

2

2

2

8

   
  b)     Methods of cooking

(at least two)

Quality of results

protein dish

– Carbohydrates dish

– Vegetable

– Fruit juice

 

1

 

1

1

1

1

5

   
3. PRESENTATION      
  a)     Utensils

–        appropriateness

–        cleanliness

–        presence of a centre piece

–        general impression

–        personal hygiene

–        food hygiene

 

½

½

½

½

½

½

3

   
4. ECONOMY OF RESOURCES

Water

– food

– fuel

– materials

 

½

½

½

½

2

   
5. Clearing up

– During work

– After work

 

1

1

2

   
  GRAND TOTAL 25MARKS    

 

 

*TNW*

 

PLAN  AND AREAS OF ASSESSMENT     Remarks
A. Plan

i) Recipes – Availability.

– Correct quantities for two.

– Correct choice for a visitor.

ii) Order of work availability.

–        Proper sequencing.

–        Dovetailing / overlapping of activities.

iii)  List of food stuff & equipment.

                 –   Availability.

–        Adequacy.

–        Appropriate

 

1

1

1

 

2

2

 

1

1

1

   
                                                Sub total 10    
 

 

B. The Test

i) Preparation  – Correct procedure    – Protein

– Starch

– Vegetables

– Nutrients

N/B: ½ Mark for fruit juice.

ii) Methods of cooking (at least 2)

iii) Quantity of the items enough for two.- Protein

– Starch

– Vegetables

– Nutritious drink

iv) Quality of items (results).     – Proteins

– Starch

– Vegetables

– Nutritious drink

 

2

2

2

2

 

2

2

2

2

 

2

2

2

2

   
                                                       Sub total 26    
C. Presentation

i) Utensils – Appropriate.

– Cleanliness.

ii) Table setting – cleanliness.

– Centre piece.

– Correct cover for the course.

N/B: Check the laying of cartulary.

iii) Personal & food hygiene – Personal appearance.

– Cleanliness during food preparation.

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

1

 

   
                                                      Sub total 8    
D. Economy of resources.  – Water

– Food

– Fuel

– Material

1

1

1

1

   
                                                          Sub total 4    
E. General Cleanliness

     (i) During work.

(ii) After work.

 

1

1

   
                                                          Sub total 2    

 

 

 

*STK 2*

AREAS OF ASSESSMENT PLAN MAX SCORE SCORE REMARKS
Recipe

–        Availability

–        Correct quantities

–        Suitability of menu

Order of work

–        Availability

–        Correct sequencing

–        List of foodstuff and equipment

–        Availability

–        Adequacy

–        Appropriateness

 

1

1

 

 

½

1

 

½

1

1

   
  7    
PREPARATION

–        Correct procedure /manipulative skills

–         Proteins

–        Carbohydrates

–         Vitamins

–        Beverage

–        Methods of cooking-at least two

Quality of results

–        Proteins

–        Carbohydrates

–        Vitamins

–        Beverage

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

1

1

1

   
       
Presentation

Utensils

-clean

– appropriate

Use of garnishes/decorations

–        Availability of a centre piece

–        – General impression

 

 

1

1

1

½

1

   
       
General  Hygiene

–        Personal

–        Food

–        Economy of resources

–        Water ( ½ )  food ( ½ )

–        Fuel ( ½ ) materials ½

Clearing up

–        – during work

–        – after work

 

 

½

½

 

 

 

2

½

1

   
Sub total

 

9    
Total 25    

 

 

*STK 3*

  PLAN  
1. RECIPES

–        Availability

–        Adequacy

–        Correct choice

Order of work

–        availability

–        Logical sequencing

–        Appropriate timing of tasks

–         Divertaiting

List of food stuff  and equipment

-Availability

– Adequacy

– Appropriateness

 

PREPARATION OF COOKING MEAL

Correct choice of one course meal

Correct procedure

–        Carbohydrate

–        Protein

–        Vegetable

–        Drink

Variety of cooking methods at least two

 

QUALITY OF RESULTS

–        Proteins

–        Carbohydrate

–        Vegetable

–        Drink

PRESENTATION

Utensils

Appropriateness

Free from smudges

Garnishes

Presence of a centre piece

General impression

 

GENERAL IMPRESSION

Hygiene

–        Personal and food

–        Economy of resources

–        Water

–        Food

–        Fuel

–        materials

 

 

CLEANING UP

Daring work

After work

TOTAL

 

½

½

½

 

½

½

1

½

 

½

½

½

06

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

06

 

1

1

1

1

04

 

 

½

½

½

½

1

04

 

 

 

1

½

½

½

½

03

 

1

1

02

25

 

 

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