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GEOGRAPHY UPDATED SCHEMES OF WORK FORM 1 FREE

 

SCHEME  OF  WORK                 FORM    ONE   GEOGRAPHY                TERM  ONE  20…..  
 

 WK

NO

L/

NO

TOPIC  /

SUBTOPIC

LESSON  / SPECIFIC

OBJECTIVES
TEACHING / LEARNING

ACTIVITIES
MATERIALS

/

RESOURCES

REF. REM.
 

1-4

SELECTION OF FORM ONE STUDENTS      
 

5

1

INTRODUCTION

            TO

  GEOGRAPHY

 

Definition of Geography and environment.

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

 

Define the terms Geography and environment.

Explain what the study of Geography entails.

 

 

 

 

 

Brainstorming,

Oral questions;

Brief discussion.

   

 

 

 

KLB BK I

Pg 1

 
 

2

Branches of Geography.

Identify the branches of Geography. Exposition & discussion on major areas covered in Physical Geography, Economic Geography & Practical Geography.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 2

 
 

3

Importance of studying Geography.

Explain importance of studying Geography. Detailed discussion on importance of knowledge, skills, positive values and attitudes gained in course of studying Geography.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 2-3

 
 

2

1

Relationship between Geography and other Disciplines.

Explain the relationship between Geography and other disciplines. Teacher explains contextual meaning of the term discipline.

Oral questions to elicit definitions of history, physics, chemistry, agriculture, economics, etc.

Brief discussion on interdependence of disciplines.

 

Chart: relationship between Geography and other disciplines. KLB BK I

Pg 3-4

 
 

2

2

Careers related to Geography.

Identify careers related to Geography. Open discussion on careers related to Geography. Career booklet. KLB BK I

Pg 3-4

 
 

3

THE EARTH AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

 

Composition of the Solar System.

 

 

 

Give the meaning of solar system.

Describe the composition of solar system.

 

 

 

Exposition of facts related to the heavenly bodies, planets and other celestial bodies.

 

 

 

 

Chart: the solar system & their relative sizes.

 

 

 

KLB BK I

Pg 7

 
 

3

1

The origin of the solar system.

Explain theories put forward to explain the origin of the earth.

 

Exposition of new concepts;

Brief description.

  KLB BK I

Pg 7-8

 
 

2

Other heavenly bodies.

List down other heavenly bodies. Exposition & brief description.   KLB BK I

Pg 9-12

 
 

3

The origin and size of the earth.

Advance postulates about origin and size of the earth.

Give reasons why the interior of the earth is known to be very hot.

 

Brain storming;

Exposition of factual information.

  KLB BK I

Pg 12-13

 
 

4

1

The  shape of the earth.

Outline proofs that the earth is spherical. Brief discussion & illustrations. Chart: mathematical data for planet earth.

 

KLB BK I

Pg 13-15

 
 

2

The rotation of the earth on its axis.

Explain effects of rotation of the earth on its axis. Brainstorming, oral questions and brief discussion on rotational movement of the earth and its effects.

 

The globe. KLB BK I

Pg 17-18

 
 

3

 SHORT TEST

         
 

5

1

Local time.

Calculate local time using longitudes.

Calculate the longitude of a place using local time.

Q/A: review the terms local time, GMT and direction of rotation of the earth.

Work through examples.

Supervised practice.

Written assignment.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 18

 
 

2

Time zones and the International Date Line.

Explain the importance of the concept time zone.

Explain the effects of crossing the International date line on time zones.

 

Locate I.D.L. on the globe;

Brief discussion with probing questions.

The globe. KLB BK I

Pg 18

 
 

3

The revolution of the earth round the sun.

Describe effects of revolution of the earth round the sun.

 

Exposition & detailed discussion on revolutionary movement of the earth.   KLB BK I

Pg 19

 
 

6

1

Eclipses.

Explain occurrence of eclipses.

Differentiate between eclipse of the sun and eclipse of the moon.

 

Probing questions;

Drawing illustrative diagrams.

Brief discussion.

 

Charts-

Solar eclipse,

Annular solar eclipse,

Lunar eclipse.

KLB BK I

Pg 20-21

 
 

6

2

The structure of the earth.

Describe internal and external structure of the earth.
Expository  and descriptive approaches. Model of the internal earth structure. KLB BK I

Pg 22-23

 
 

3

WEATHER

 

Definition and elements of weather.

 

Temperature.

 

 

Define the term weather.

List down the elements of weather.

 

Define the term temperature.

Outline factors affecting air temperature.

 

 

 

Brain storming;

 

Brief discussion.

  Pg 24-25  
 

7

1

Humidity

&

 

Precipitation.

Differentiate between absolute and relative humidity.

Outline factors affecting humidity.

Identify forms of precipitation.

 

Exposition;

Probing questions;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 26-27

 
 

2

Rainfall. Describe rainfall as a form of precipitation.

Outline types of rainfall.

Probing questions;

Drawing illustrative diagrams.

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 27-29

 
 

3

Clouds.

Identify types of clouds.

 

 

Exposition and explanations;

Drawing illustrative diagrams.

  KLB BK I

Pg 31-32

 

8

1

Atmospheric pressure

&

winds.

 

 

Explain factors influencing atmospheric pressure.

Differentiate between anabatic and katabatic winds.

Outline factors influencing wind direction.

Explain the role of wind as a medium of heat and moisture transfer.

 

Probing questions;

Drawing illustrative diagrams of land and sea breezes;

Exposition of new concepts;

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 29-30

   

2-3

Weather station. List down instruments used in a weather station.

Identify factors taken into account when siting a weather station.

 

Q/A: definition of the term weather;

Brief discussion on elements of weather;

Oral questions & brief discussion;

Visit a weather station.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 32-33

   

9

1

Measuring temperature.

Identify thermometric liquids used in thermometers.

Calculate mean daily temperature and diurnal range of temperature given maximum and minimum daily temperatures.

 

Oral questions.

 

 

Problem solving.

Six’s Maximum &  minimum thermometers. KLB BK I

Pg 34-36

   

2

Measuring rainfall.

Work out calculations related to rainfall.

Draw graphs showing distribution of rainfall.

 

Simple problem solving.

Drawing graphs for monthly annual rainfall.

Rainfall charts. KLB BK I

Pg 37

   

3

Measuring atmospheric pressure.

Identify features of a mercury barometer and the aneroid barometer. Expository & descriptive approaches, and oral questions.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 37

   

10

1

Wind direction and intensity.

Identify instruments used to determine wnd direction and intensity. Oral questions;

Drawing a wind vane and a wind  sock;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 39

   

2

The atmosphere.

Describe the zones of the atmosphere. Expository & descriptive approaches.   KLB BK I

Pg 41-42

   

3

Weather forecasting.

Outline the importance of weather forecasting to humankind.

 

 

Q/A & brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 41-42

   

11

1

Factors influencing weather.

Highlight factors influencing weather. Probing questions;

Exposition of new concepts;

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 45-46

   

2,3

Fieldwork

on weather.

Observe and record various weather conditions. Fieldwork:

Making observations;

Collecting data;

Conducting interviews;

Taking photographs.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 46-47

   

END  OF  FIRST  TERM  EXAMS    

 

SCHEME  OF  WORK                 FORM    ONE  GEOGRAPHY                TERM  TWO  2011  

 WK

NO

L/

NO

TOPIC  /

SUBTOPIC

LESSON  / SPECIFIC

OBJECTIVES
TEACHING / LEARNING

ACTIVITIES
MATERIALS

/

RESOURCES

REF. REM.

1

1,

2

STATISTICAL METHODS.

 

Meaning and significance of statistics.

 

 

Types, nature and sources of statistical data.

 

 

 

 

Define the term statistics.

Explain the significance of statistics in enhancing the study of geography.

 

Identify types, nature and sources of statistical data.

 

 

 

Q/A & brief discussion.

 

 

 

 

Exposition of new concepts & discussion.

   

 

 

 

KLB BK I

Pg 449-50

 

3

Collecting statistical data.

Questionnares.

Identify types of questionnaires.

State advantages and disadvantages of using questionnaires.

 

Probing questions & explanations.

 

 

Sample questionnaires. KLB BK I

Pg 50-51

 

2

1

Collecting statistical data.

Interviews and observations.

State advantages and disadvantages of using interviews and observations to gather data. Simulations;

Probing questions & explanations.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 51-52

 

2

Collecting statistical data.

-Other methods

Describe other methods of collecting data. Discussion on taking measurements, sampling and content analysis. Grid square for sampling. KLB BK I

Pg 53-54

 

3

Recording data.

Describe methods and techniques of recording statistical data.

 

Probing questions, discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 55-57

 

3

1

Statistical data analysis.

Analyse statistical data correctly. Discussion on organizing data;

Identifying highest and lowest values.

Supervised practice.

Written assignment.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 57-59

 

2

Measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion.

Find range, mean, mode and median of data. Calculations: range, proportions, percentages, mean, median & mode.   KLB BK I

Pg 57-59

 

3

Statistical data presentation in tables.

Present statistical data in tabular form.

 

Merits & demerits of using statistical tables.

Give examples of statistical data in tabular form; e.g. rainfall of a place.

Oral questions & brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 61

 

4

1

Simple line graph.

Identify independent and dependent variables and plot them on the correct axes.

Construct a simple line graph.

Guided practical activity: drawing a simple line graph.

 

 

Graph papers. KLB BK I

Pg 60-62

 

2

Simple line graph.

Interpret a simple line graph.

State merits & demerits of using simple line graphs.

Make inferences;

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 60-62

 

3

Simple bar graph.

Construct and interpret a simple bar graph.

State merits & demerits of using simple bar graphs.

Guided practical activity: drawing a simple bar graph.

Oral questions and brief discussion.

 

 

Graph papers. KLB BK I

Pg 62-63

 

5

1

Combined line graph and bar graph.

(polygraph)

Construct and interpret combined line graph and bar graph (polygraph).

State merits & demerits of using simple line graphs.

Guided practical activity: drawing combined line graph and bar graph (polygraph).

Oral questions and brief discussion.

Written exercise.

 

Graph papers. KLB BK I

Pg 63-64

 

2

Simple wind rose.

State merits & demerits of using a wind rose.

Construct and make use of a simple wind rose.

Brief discussion.

Group activity (Assignment): construction of a simple wind rose.

  KLB BK I

Pg 64-65

 

3

TEST

       

6

1

MAPS AND MAP WORK

 

Maps, plans and pictures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q/A: make a distinction between maps and plans, maps and pictures.

 

 

 

 

 

Practical activity: drawing plan of a classroom, etc.

Brief discussion on differences between maps, plans and pictures.

 

   

 

KLB BK I

Pg 66-69

 

2

Sketch maps.

Identify characteristics of a good sketch.

Sketch maps stating specific information.

Practical activity: drawing sketch maps.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 69

 

3

Atlas maps.

Give examples of atlas maps.

Interpret atlas maps.

Oral questions, brief discussion. Atlases. KLB BK I

Pg 69

 

7

1

Topographic maps.

Identify features on topographic maps. Guided practical activity:

Identifying physical and human features on maps.

 

Topographic maps. KLB BK I

Pg 69-70

 

2

Uses of maps.

State uses of maps. Q/A and brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 69

 

3

Marginal information on a map.

Identify and use marginal information on maps. Guided activities: Identifying marginal information.

 

Topographical maps. KLB BK I

Pg 71-72

 

8

1

Map scales.

Define a scale.

Identify types of scales.

Express a scale in another format.

 

Brainstorming, brief discussion, problem solving. Topographical maps. KLB BK I

Pg 73-76

 

2

Measuring distances on maps.

Measure distances on maps accurately. Guided practical activities:

Measuring distances accurately by using various methods.

 

Topographical maps, pair of dividers, thread. KLB BK I

Pg 76-78

 

3

Calculation of area on maps.

Calculate area on a map. Guided practical activities involving area.

 

Topographical maps. KLB BK I

Pg 79-80

 

9

1

FIELDWORK

 

Definition of field work, types and importance of fieldwork.

 

 

Define the term fieldwork.

Identify types of fieldwork.

Explain importance of fieldwork to geographers.

 

 

 

 

Probing questions & brief discussion.

   

 

KLB BK I

Pg 82-83

 

2,3

Fieldwork procedure.

Describe fieldwork procedure. Brain storming;

Probing questions on steps followed during fieldwork.

Detailed discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 83-84

 

10

1

Hypothesis.

Outline characteristics of a good hypothesis.

Formulate a hypothesis.

Exposition of new concept;

Oral exercise on formulation of hypotheses.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 84-85

 

10

2

Reconnaissance.

State the purpose of a reconnaissance. Exposition of new concept;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 87

 

3

Preparations before fieldwork.

Highlight preparations required before carrying out of fieldwork.

 

 

Q/A & open discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 85

 

11

1,2

Methods data of collection.

Outline various methods of data collection.

Identify specific methods for given types of field study.

State merits & demerits of each method.

 

Q/A to review methods of data collection;

 

Brief discussion.

Necessary equipment. KLB BK I

Pg 87

 

3

Problems likely to be encountered in the field during fieldwork.

 

Predict problems that are likely to be encountered in the field in course of fieldwork. Brainstorming & brief open discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 88

 

12-13

End  of  term  two  exams  

 

SCHEME  OF  WORK                 FORM    ONE  GEOGRAPHY                TERM  THREE   2011  

 WK

NO

L/

NO

TOPIC  /

SUBTOPIC

LESSON  / SPECIFIC

OBJECTIVES
TEACHING / LEARNING

ACTIVITIES
MATERIALS

/

RESOURCES

REF. REM.

1

1-2

Actual field study.

Conduct a field study. Identify the problem and objectives;

Prepare for the study;

Visit the area of study;

Gather data using suitable methods.

 

Questionnaires,

Cameras, labels, etc.

KLB BK I

Pg 88-92

 

3

Interpretation of data collected.

Analyse the collected data. Synthesise the data collected;

Plot relevant graphs;

Answer questions.

  KLB BK I

Pg 88-92

 

2

1

MINERALS AND ROCKS

 

Characteristics of minerals.

 

 

 

List down characteristics of minerals.

 

 

 

Q/A: list down examples of minerals.

Brief discussion of their general characteristics.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 94-96

 

2

Igneous rocks. Describe formation of igneous rocks.

Differentiate between intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks.

Give examples of igneous rocks.

 

Brief discussion.

 

 

Exposition & detailed discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 96-99

 

3

Sedimentary rocks.

State characteristics of sedimentary rocks.

Give examples of sedimentary rocks formed in different ways.

 

Exposition of factual information;

Detailed discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 99-100

 

3

1

Formation of sedimentary rocks.

Describe formation of sedimentary rocks.

 

    KLB BK I

Pg 100-2

 

2

Metamorphic rocks.

Describe forms of metamorphism that lead to formation of metamorphic rocks.

 

Exposition & detailed discussion. Chart: match original  and metamorphic rocks. KLB BK I

Pg 102

 

3

Distribution of rocks in Kenya.

Account for the distribution of rocks in Kenya.

 

 

 

Descriptive approach.

Examine a map showing distribution of rocks.

  KLB BK I

Pg 104-6

 

4

1

Significance of rocks and minerals.

Explain the significance of minerals and rocks to mankind.

 

Brain storming;

Q/A & brief discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 107-8

 

2,3

Fieldwork on rocks.

Carry out a fieldwork study on rocks. Collect, examine and classify rocks.

Answer related problems.

  KLB BK I

Pg 109-110

 

5

1

MINING

 

Occurrence of rocks.

 

 

Describe occurrence of minerals in various forms.

 

 

Exposition and descriptive approaches.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 110-111

 

2

Exploitation of minerals.

Explain factors affecting exploitation of minerals. Probing questions & brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 111-2

 

3

Methods of mining.

Describe various methods of mining. Exposition of new concepts.

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 112-3

 

6

 1

Methods of mining. (ontd)

Describe various methods of mining. Exposition of new concepts.

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 113-4

 

6

2

Types of minerals.

Give examples of metallic, non-metallic and energy minerals. Brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 116

 

3

Distribution of minerals in East Africa.

Locate major mineral sites on the map of East Africa. Draw the map of East Africa and locate major mineral sites. Map of East Africa showing distribution of minerals.

 

KLB BK I

Pg 116-7

 

7

1

CAT.

         

2

Significance of minerals in Kenya.

Outline ways in which Kenya has benefited from exploitation of minerals.

 

 

Probing questions & brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 115

 

3

Problems of mining in Kenya.

Identify problems facing mining industry in Kenya. Q/A & brief discussion.   KLB BK I

Pg 118

 

8

1

Effects of mining on the environment.

 

Explain adverse effects of mining on the environment. Q/A & brief open discussion   KLB BK I

Pg 118-9

 

2.3

Trona on Lake Magadi.

Describe the occurrence, exploitation and processing of trona on Lake Magadi.

 

 

Exposition & descriptive approaches.

 

Assignment.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 120

 

9

1,2

Diamond in South Africa.

Describe distribution and exploitation of gold and diamond in South Africa.

 

 

Exposition & descriptive approaches.   KLB BK I

Pg 121

 

3

Gold in South Africa.

Describe distribution and exploitation of gold and diamond in South Africa.

Highlight problems encountered during exploitation of gold in South Africa.

 

 

Exposition;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK I

Pg 123-4

 

10

1,

2

Petroleum in the Middle East.

-Iraq

&

Iran

Describe oil distribution and exploitation of petroleum in the middle East.

 

 

Exposition & descriptive approaches.

 

Assignment.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 125

 

3

 

 

 

1

Petroleum in the Middle East.

-Kuwait

&

Saudi Arabia.

Describe oil distribution and exploitation of petroleum in the middle East.

 

 

Exposition & descriptive approaches.

 

Assignment.

 

 

  KLB BK I

Pg 126

 

11

2-3

Problems facing petroleum industry.

Highlight major problems facing petroleum industry.     KLB BK I

Pg 127

 

12-13

 

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT  TEST

 

 

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