Home Teachers' Resources GEOGRAPHY FORM 3 END TERM EXAMS PLUS ANSWERS IN PDF

GEOGRAPHY FORM 3 END TERM EXAMS PLUS ANSWERS IN PDF

ULTIMATE ACHIEVERS ACADEMY

Name___________________________________________________AdmNo:_____________

Date__________________________________________Sign_______________

END OF TERM  EXAMINATION 

FORM THREE

GEOGRAPHY

TIME: 2 HOURS 30 MINUTES

 

INSTRUCTIONS:

a). Write your name, class and Admission number in the spaces provided above.

b).Answer all the questions

c). All answers must be written in the space provided in this booklet.

  1. a) What is the difference between weathering and mass wasting?             (2 mks)

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  1. b) State three factors which influence mass wasting.                                                    (3 mks)

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  1. a) Name two soft wood trees grown in the forest reserves of Kenya. (2 mks)

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  1. b) State three characteristics of softwood forests in Canada.                                       (3 mks)

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R
  1. a) The diagram below represents a composite volcano. Name the features marked. (3 mks)

P ________________________________________

Q ________________________________________

R ________________________________________

  1. b) What is magma?                                                                                                         (2 mks)

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  1. Differentiate between folding and faulting (2 mks)

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  1. State three causes of earthquakes. (3 mks

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SECTION B

Answer all questions this section.

 

  1. Study the map of Taita Hills 1:50,000 (Sheet 189/4) provided and answer the following questions.
  2. a) i) Name two types of scales used on this map. (2 mks)

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  1. ii) List three man-made features found in the grid square (2918).                                (3 mks)

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iii)  Name the feature found on the grid reference (426255).                                          (1 mk)

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  1. b) Name two hydrographic features depicted on the map. (2 mks)

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  1. c) Describe the relief of the area covered by the map. (3 mks)

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  1. d) Giving evidence from the map, name three forms of transport in the area covered by the map.                                                                                                                      (3 mks)

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  1. e) Draw a square of 6cm to represent the area between Eastings 36 and 40 and between Northing 26 and 29. On it show:
  2. i) Dam
  3. ii) Ronge forest

iii)  Road – loose surface road

  1. iv) Motorable track
  2. v) Outcrop rock

 

  1. a) The diagram below shows a waterfall. Name the features marked. (3 mks)

 

X______________________________________

Y______________________________________

Z_____________________________________

  1. b) i)    Describe the process of river capture.                                                                 (4 mks)

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  1. ii) Give three evidences of river capture. (3 mks)

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  1. c) Suppose you are to carry out a field study of one of the big rivers in your county.
  2. i) State three ways in which you would prepare for the study.                              (3 mks)

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  1. ii) State two advantages of studying rivers through field work.                             (2 mks)

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  1. a) Describe how Lake Victoria was formed. (5 mks)

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  1. b) Explain five reasons why some lakes in rift valley have fresh water.                      (5 mks)

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  1. c) State five economic uses of lakes.                                                                                  (5 mks)

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  1. The table below shows the Kenya’s leaching export minerals by value (Ksh million). Study the table and answer the questions that follow.
Mineral 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Soda ash 35150 34485 34376 33005 36072
Fluorspar 21216 19846 28334 36485 39541
Salts 11707 7460 6541 6286 6944

 

  1. a) Calculate the percentage increase in value of soda ash as export between the year 2000 and 2004.                         (2 mks)

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  1. b) Calculate the total mineral exports for the year 2002.                                              (2 mks)

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  1. c) Calculate the average exports for salts from the year 2000 to 2004.                                    (2mks)

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  1. d) i) Name three method of mining. (3 mks)

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  1. ii) Explain three benefits of gold mining in South Africa.                                            (6 mks)

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  1. a) The diagram below shows a feature resulting from wind erosion in the deserts. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

 

  1. i) Identify the feature.                                                                                             (2 mks)

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  1. ii) Explain how the above feature is formed.                                                          (5 mks)

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iii)  Give two main deserts where this feature is common.                                      (2 mks)

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  1. b) A form three class conducted a field study in an area affected by wind deposition.
  2. i) State three types of sand dunes the class would have identified.                       (3 mks)

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  1. ii) State three problems the students would have come across. (3 mks)

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FORM THREE

GEOGRAPHY

MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A

  1. a) – Weathering is physical break down or chemical decay of rocks in situ while mass

wasting is the movement of weathered rock material down a slope under the influence of gravity.

(2 mks)

  1. b) –     Angle of slope/gradient
  • Human activities
  • Amount of water in the material
  • Nature of material/nature of underlying rocks
  • Earth movements/tectonic movements
  • Presence or absence of vegetation
  • Climatic conditions

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

 

  1. a) – Cypress
  • Pine
  • Cider
  • Eucalyptus

(2 x 1 = 2 mks)

 

  1. b) –     Trees are conical in shape
  • Trees occur in pure stands
  • Trees grow tall and straight (30 – 40m)
  • Trees have needle – like leaves
  • Trees bear cones
  • The forests are evergreen
  • The forests have no undergrowth
  • The trees have thick barks

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. a) P – conelet/parasitic cone/subsidiary cone

Q – layer of lava

R – crater

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. b) –     Magma is a mixture of molten rocks and gases in the interior of the earth.

(2 mks)

  1. – Folding is the bending of rocks of the earth’s crust while faulting is cracking or

fracturing of the rocks of the earth’s crust.

(2 mks)

  1. – Collision between tectonic plates
  • Faulting/cracking of rocks
  • Violent volcanic eruptions/movement of magma within the crust
  • Isostatic adjustment
  • Explosions caused by man
  • Energy release within the mantle
  • Gravitative pressure

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

 

SECTION B

 

  1. a) i) Types of scales used
  • Linear scale
  • Representative Fraction (R.F)/Ratio scale

(2 x 1 = 2 mks)

 

  1. ii) List three man-made features found in the grid square (2918)
  • Road e.g. All weather road bound surface
  • School
  • Church
  • Pump house

(Any 3 x 1 = 3 mks)

 

iii)  Feature found in the grid reference (426255)

  • A water tank

(1 mks)

 

  1. b) Two hydrographic features depicted on the map
  • Perennial/permanent rivers e.g. R. Voi (Goshi)
  • Dam
  • Water tank

(Any 2 x 1 = 2 mks)

 

  1. c) Describe the relief of the area covered by the map.
  • Presence of numerous hills in the area e.g. Maragua
  • Area is steep on the western part and gentle sloping on the eastern part
  • Presence of valleys especially river valleys
  • Land rises from east to west/slope from west to east

(Any 3 x 1 = 3 mks)

 

  1. d) Forms of transport
  • Road transport evidenced by presence of roads
  • Railway transport evidenced by railway line
  • Air transport evidenced by grass air field

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. e)

 

  1. a) X – Resistant rock/hard rocks/sill

Y – Plunge pool

Z – Rock boulders

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. b) i) – River capture occurs where there are two adjacent rivers
  • One of the rivers has more erosive power than the other
  • The more powerful river erodes away the ridge that separates the two by headward erosion
  • Eventually it encroaches into the valley of the weaker river diverting its waters into its valley

(4 x 1 = 4 mks)

 

  1. ii) Evidences of river capture
  • Wind gap
  • Elbow of capture
  • Misfit stream

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. c) i) – Formulate hypothesis/objectives
  • Reading from secondary sources
  • Conduct pre-visit/reconnaissance
  • Prepare a working schedule
  • Seek permission from relevant authorities
  • Identify/collect the relevant tools and equipment

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. ii) –     It enables students to collect first-hand information
  • It enables to develop skills of observation/data collection
  • Students are able to apply the knowledge learned from books/classroom in the field
  • Students are able to make their own records

(2 x 1 = 3 mks)

 

  1. a) How lake Victoria was formed
  • Earth movement caused crustal down warping
  • A basin-like depression was formed
  • Uplifting of land masses/back-tilting of the plateau around the depression diverted flow of rivers into depression, caused reversed drainage
  • Deposition into depression resulted into further down warping
  • Water from the rivers accumulated in the depression forming lake

(5 x 1 = 5 mks)

  1. b) Reasons why some lakes in rift valley are fresh
  • They have surface outlets through which excess salt deposits are carried away
  • Some have subterranean outlets which drain the salts in the lake bed
  • The lakes have regular inflow of fresh water from rivers which dilutes the salts keeping water fresh
  • Some are situated in areas of low temperature thus low evaporation rate
  • Some are situated in areas of high rainfall which keeps water fresh

(5 x 1 = 5 mks)

  1. c) Economic uses of lakes
  • Provide water for irrigation
  • Provide water for industrial use
  • They are source of minerals
  • Lake shores are source of sand used in construction industry
  • Lakes are harnessed to generate hydro-electric power
  • Lakes provide waterway
  • Lakes are tourist attractions
  • Lakes are used for fishing/source of fish

(Any 5 x 1 = 5 mks)

  1. a)

 

(2 mks)

 

  1. b) 69251 million                                                                               (2 mks)

 

  1. c)

= Ksh 7,787.6 million                                       (2 mks)

 

  1. d) i) – Shaft mining/underground mining
  • Adit mining
  • Drilling
  • Open cast mining
  • Alluvial mining/placer mining

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. ii) –     Gold is exported to other countries to earn foreign exchange
  • Gold mining has provided employment to many people in South Africa
  • Existence of numerous gold fields has led to the growth of many towns
  • The profit earned from gold has been used in the development of infrastructure e.g. roads and railway
  • Gold mining has led to the development of industries in Transvaal and Orange Free State
  • Technological advancement. The co-existence of gold and Uranium has led South Africa to become a leading producer of Uranium for atomic energy

(Any 3 x 2 = 6  mks)

  1. a) i) Identify the feature

Mushroom block rock                                                               (2 mks)

 

  1. ii) Explain the formation of the feature
  • Formed from homogenous rocks of uniform hardness and resistance
  • Wind abrasion from the heavier materials near ground results in intensive undercutting at the base of the vertically laid homogenous rock
  • The top of the rock undergoes gradual of slow polishing and smoothing since there are few airborne materials at such high levels
  • At the base the rock is eroded since there is more materials at the base
  • The abrasion, polishing and smoothening process result in formation of a rock structure with a broad top but very narrow base known as mushroom block rock

(5 mks)

iii)  Two main deserts where feature is common

  • Namibia desert
  • Arabian desert
  • Sahara desert

(2 x 1 = 2 mks)

  1. b) i)    Type of sand dunes identified
  • Barchan
  • Self-dunes
  • Transverse dunes

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

  1. ii) Problems students would have come across
  • Desert storms would have made the students uncomfortable
  • Students would have suffered from respiratory diseases due to dust
  • High temperatures during the day would have made students very uncomfortable
  • Student would have suffered from lack of basic necessities such as water
  • Attack by dangerous animals

(3 x 1 = 3 mks)

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