Home Teachers' Resources FORM 4 AGRICULTURE SCHEMES OF WORK PDF

FORM 4 AGRICULTURE SCHEMES OF WORK PDF

SCHEME  OF  WORK           AGRICULTURE  FORM  FOUR             TERM  ONE  

WK/NO

L/

NO

TOPIC   /

SUBTOPIC

LESSON / SPECIFIC

OBJECTIVES
TEACHING / LEARNING

ACTIVITIES
MATERIALS

/

RESOURCES

REF. REM.

1

1

POULTRY PRODUCTION

Composition of an egg.

By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to:

Identify parts of an egg.

Describe the parts of an egg.

Drawing and labeling an egg.

Breaking an egg to examine its internal structure.

Eggs,

 

Chart – parts of an egg.

KLB BK IV

Pg 1-2

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 1-2

 

2

Incubation of  eggs.

Define the term incubation of eggs.

State characteristics of eggs for incubation.

Q/A and discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 3-4

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 2

 

3

Egg candling.

Describe candling of eggs. Practical activity. Observing internal structure of an egg.

Make deductions from the observations.

 

Cardboard boxes,

Torch, eggs.

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 4

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 3

 

4

Natural incubation.

 

 

State merits & demerits of natural incubation.

Identify management practices of an incubator.

 

Q/A & discussion.

Exposition, discussion & oral questions.

Nesting box. KLB BK IV

Pg 5-6

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 3-4

 

2

1

Artificial incubation.

Outline conditions necessary for artificial incubation.

 

    KLB BK IV

Pg 7-8

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 5-6

 

2

Management of an incubator.

 

Merits & demerits of artificial incubation.

 

Highlight management practices of an incubator.

 

State merits & demerits of artificial incubation.

 

 

Brain storming;

Probing questions;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 8-9

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 5-6

 

3

Artificial brooding.

Identify requirements for an artificial brooder. Exposition;

Probing questions;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 10-11

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 8-9

 

4

Brooder & brooder management.

Outline management practices of a brooder. Exposition;

Explanations;

 

Artificial brooder. KLB BK IV

Pg 11-13

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 8-9

 

3

1

Rearing of growers, layers and broilers.

Discuss rearing of growers, layers and broilers. Exposition;

Probing questions;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 14

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 12-13

 

2

Chicken rearing systems.

 

  -Free range rearing

   system.

State factors considered when choosing a rearing system.

Identify requirements for free-range system.

State merits & demerits of free rage system.

 

Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 15-17

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 13-15

 

3

– Fold system.

Describe fold system.

State merits & demerits of fold systems.

Q/A & discussion. Chicken folds. KLB BK IV

Pg 17-18

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 15-16

 

4

– Deep liter system.

Describe the requirements for deep liter system of rearing chicks.

State merits & demerits of deep liter systems.

 

Q/A & brief discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 18-20

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 16-18

 

4

1

– Battery cage system.

Describe the requirements for battery cage system of rearing chicks.

 

Q/A & discussion. Battery cages. KLB BK IV

Pg 20-21

 

2

Factors affecting egg production.

Vices.

Identify causes of vices such as egg eating and cannibalism and measures taken for the vices. Discussion: causes and control of vices.   KLB BK IV

Pg 23-24

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 20-21

 

3

Stress.

State causes of stress in birds.

Outline stress management practices.

 

Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 22-23

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 20-21

 

4

Culling birds.

Define the term culling.

Give reasons for culling of birds.

Brain storming;

Observing characteristics of a good / bad layer.

Discussion.

 

  Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 20-21

 

5

1

Marketing eggs and chicken meat.

State factors considered in sorting and grading eggs for fresh markets.

Outline methods of killing a bird.

Describe dressing of a bird’s carcass.

Teacher’s demonstrations &  discussion.

 

Topic review questions.

 

  KLB BK IV

Pg 24-27

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 22-23

 

2

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION (CATTLE)

 

Raising of the young stock.

 

 

 

Explain the importance of feeding calves on colostrum.

Prepare artificial colostrum.

 

 

 

 

Q/A: qualities of colostrum.

Teacher’s demonstration: colostrum preparation.

 

 

 

Artificial colostrums.

 

 

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 28-29

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 25-26

 

3

Methods of calf rearing.

State merits & demerits of natural and artificial methods of calf rearing. Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 29-30

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 26-29

 

4

Weaning of calves.

Describe early & late weaning of calves. Q/A, exposition & discussion. Chart –

weaning guide.

KLB BK IV

Pg 30-32

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 29-30

 

6

1

Rearing replacement stock.

Describe routine management practices for rearing replacement stock.

Give reasons for carrying out varying routine practices.

Q/A: review common management routine practices.

 

Discussion & Q/A. parasite control, castration, disease control, identification, dehorning.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 32-3

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 30

 

2

TEST        

3

Calf housing.

Identify types of calf pens.

Outline requirements for calf pens.

Exposition of new concepts.

Q/A & explanations.

 

Calf houses. KLB BK IV

Pg 33-34

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 31

 

4

Routine management practices in poultry.

Analyze routine management practices in poultry. Q/A: review routine management practices in livestock.

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 34-36

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 31

 

7

1

MILK AND MILKING

Factors affecting milk composition.

 

Highlight factors affecting milk composition.

Brain storming;

Probing questions;

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 36-38

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 32

 

2

Milk secretion and let-down.

Describe the structure of the mammary gland.

Describe the flow of milk from the alveoli to the teat canal.

 

Drawing  and labeling diagram of  the udder.

Exposition of new concepts.

Chart-

Structure of the udder.

KLB BK IV

Pg 38-40

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 33-34

 

3

Clean milk.

State characteristics of clean milk.

Outline essentials of clean milk production.

 

Oral questions & brief discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 40-42

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 34-35

 

4

Milking materials and equipment.

List down necessary milking materials and equipment.

State the purpose of the milking materials and equipment.

 

Brain storming;

Probing questions;

Discussion.

Strip cup. KLB BK IV

Pg 42-44

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 35-37

 

8

1

Milking procedure and technique.

Carry out milking using the correct milking procedure and technique.

Outline rules observed when milking.

 

 

 

Practical activity: milking by hand.

 

Probing questions on milking rules.

 

Lactating cow, basic milking equipment. KLB BK IV

Pg 44-46

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 37

 

2

Dry cow therapy.

 

 

Milk products.

 

Marketing of milk and beef.

Explain the concept of dry cow therapy.

 

Name various milk products.

Describe marketing of milk, beef & their by-products in Kenya.

 

Explanations & brief discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 46-47

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 38-40

 

3

FARM POWER & MACHINERY.

 

Sources of power in the farm.

 

 

Describe various sources of power in the farm.

State merits & demerits of each source of power.

 

 

 

 

 

Q/A & discussion: animal power, wind power, waterpower, biogas, solar radiation, and fossil fuel.

   

 

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 50-56

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 42-53

 

4

The tractor:

 

Petrol & diesel engines.

Identify major parts of the tractor petrol & diesel engines.

 

Exposition of new concepts, drawing illustrative diagrams. Chart- petrol engine & diesel engine. KLB BK IV

Pg 57-58

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 53-54

 

9

1

The four-stroke cycle engine. Describe the four strokes in an engine

State merits & demerits of the four-stroke cycle engine.

 

Exposition of new concepts, drawing illustrative diagrams. Diagrams – The four-stroke cycle. KLB BK IV

Pg 58-61

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 54-55

 

9

2

The two- stroke cycle engine.

 

 

 

Structural and functional differences between petrol and diesel engines.

Describe the two strokes in a cycle.

State merits & demerits of two-stroke cycle engine.

 

State structural and functional differences between petrol and diesel engines.

 

Exposition of new concepts,

drawing; illustrative diagrams;

 

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 61-63

 

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 56-57

 

3

Petrol fuel system of a tractor.

Describe the petrol fuel system of a tractor.

State maintenance practices of a petrol fuel system of a tractor.

Block diagram: petrol engine fuel system.

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 63-64

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 60-61

 

4

Diesel fuel system of a tractor.

Describe the diesel fuel system of a tractor.

State maintenance practices of a diesel fuel system of a tractor.

Block diagram: petrol engine fuel system.

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 64-65

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 60-61

 

10

1

Electrical system of a tractor.

Name the components in the electrical system of a tractor.

Highlight methods of maintaining a tractor battery.

Refer to diagram for electrical system of a tractor;

Brief discussion.

Chart – electrical system. KLB BK IV

Pg 65-67

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 61

 

2

Tractor ignition system.

Name the components of tractor ignition system.

Correct some common faults of ignition system.

Discuss maintenance practices of the ignition system.

 

Refer to a diagram for ignition system of a tractor;

Brief discussion.

Chart – ignition system. KLB BK IV

Pg 67-69

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 62-63

 

3

Tractor cooling system.

Briefly describe air-cooled and water-cooled systems.

Discuss proper maintenance of cooling system.

 

Brief discussion. Chart- water cooling system. KLB BK IV

Pg 69-71

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 63-64

 

4

Lubrication system of an engine.

Describe the lubrication system of an engine.

Outline importance of maintaining the lubrication system.

Exposition;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 71-72

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 64-5

   

11

1

Power transmission system of an engine.

Explain the function of power transmission system.

State the function of the clutch, gearbox and the differential.

Teacher exposes the parts of power transmission system.

Refer to diagrams to identify parts of a power transmission system;

Brief discussion.

 

Chart- power transmission

system.

KLB BK IV

Pg 72-76

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 64-65

   

2

Tractor servicing.

Describe tractor servicing and maintenance practices.

 

Brief discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 776-77

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 65-6

   

3

Tractor drawn implements.

Classify tractor drawn implements on basis of attachment to the tractor.

List down maintenance practices for a trailer.

 

Teacher’s explanations.

 

 

Q/A: maintenance practices.

Charts-

Tractor drawn implements.

KLB BK IV

Pg 77-80

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 66-7

   

4

Disc plough. Label parts of a disc plough

List down maintenance practices for a disc plough.

 

Q/A: review primary and secondary cultivation.

 

Drawing labeled diagrams.

 

Q/A & discussion.

Chart- Disc plough

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 79-80

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 68-9

   

12

1

Mould board plough. State operational differences between the disc plough and  mould board plough.

 

  Chart- Mould board plough

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 80-82

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 70-1

   

2

Harrows.

Identify types of harrows and their uses.

List down maintenance practices for harrows.

 

Drawing diagrams, Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 82-84

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 72-77

   

12

3

Other farm implements.

Explain the functional features of subsoilers, ridgers, rotary tillers & mowers.

List down maintenance practices for the

implements.

 

Exposition & brief discussion.

Excursion & exhibitions.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 85-91

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 78-82

   

4

Animal drawn implements.

Identify parts of animal drawn implements and state their functions.

List down maintenance practices for an ox-plough, an ox-plough, and an ox-cart.

State merits & demerits of using animal-drawn implements compared to tractor power.

 

Drawing and labeling an ox-plough;

Probing questions;

Discussion.

Chart:

An ox-plough.

KLB BK IV

Pg 91-94

 

 

Longhorn Bk IV

Pg 82-83

   

END  OF  TERM  ONE  EXAMINATION    

 

SCHEME  OF  WORK               AGRICULTURE  FORM  FOUR                 TERM  ONE  2011    

1

1

AGRIC. ECONOMICS III

(PRODUCTION ECONOMICS)

 

Household firm relationship.

 

Define a household and a firm as business terms.

Describe a household and a firm as producers and consumers and their role in a country’s economic growth.

Q/A: review definition of economics, production economics.

Exposition & explanations.

Q/A & discussion.

 

 

  KLB BK IV

Pg 96-97

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 20-21

   

2

Gross domestic product (GDP) and Gross National product (GNP).

 Per Capita Income.

Define the terms GDP & GNP.

Define the term gross national income (GNI).

 

 

Define the term per capita income.

 

Exposition & explanations.

 

 

 

Calculations.

 

 

  KLB BK IV

Pg 97-98

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 87-88

   

3

Contribution of Agriculture to national development. Explain contribution of Agriculture to development.

 

Brain storming;

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 98-9

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 90-91

   

4

Land as a factor of production.

Describe the economic value of production of crops and livestock and space for construction of farm buildings, agro-industries & infrastructure.

List down methods of land acquisition.

Exposition of new concepts;

Probing questions to elicit responses;

Brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 99-100

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 92-3

   

2

1

Labour as a factor of production.

Define the term labour as used in production.

Explain ways of improving labour productivity.

Identify types of labour.

Oral questions & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg  100-2

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 93-4

   

2

Capital.

Define the term capital.

Identify types of capital.

List sources of capital.

Oral questions, exposition & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 102-3

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 94-95

   

3

Management as a production factor.

State functions of a manager in a farm.

Identify good qualities of a manager.

Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 103-4

   

4

TEST     KLB BK IV

Pg  104-

   

3

1

Production function.

Define production function.

State characteristics of variable and fixed inputs.

Q/A: examples of inputs & outputs; variable and fixed inputs;

Brief discussion.

 

  KLB BK IV

Pg 104-6

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 96-7

   

2

Production function curves.

Illustrate and interpret input-output relationship graphically. Worked examples: supervised practice. Graph papers. KLB BK IV

Pg 106-7

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 98

   

3

Increasing returns production functions.

Illustrate and interpret Increasing returns production functions.

Give empirical examples where increasing returns production functions are experienced.

Tabulate inputs and outputs.

Graphical representation of increasing returns production functions.

Graph papers. KLB BK IV

Pg 107-8

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 99

   

4

Constant returns production functions.

Constant returns production functions.

Give empirical examples where Increasing returns production functions are experienced.

Tabulate inputs and outputs.

Graphical representation of constant returns production functions.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 108-9

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 99

   

4

1

Decreasing returns production functions.

Decreasing returns production functions.

Give empirical examples where decreasing returns production functions are experienced.

Tabulate inputs and outputs.

Graphical representation of decreasing returns production functions.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 109-10

   

2

Law of diminishing returns.

State the law oh diminishing returns. Refer to illustrative tables.

Plot graphs from the tables;

Discuss shape of the curve.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 112

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 100-1

   

3

Zones of a PF curve.

Divide a production function into three zones.

Identify rational zones of production.

Q/A: review AP, MP.

Guided discovery of the three zones.

Chart –

Curve showing 3 zones of PF.

KLB BK IV

Pg 113-5

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 101-2

   

4

The principles of substitution.

 

 

Input-input relationship.

State the principles of substitution.

Give examples illustrating principles of substitution.

Identify ways of combining inputs.

Exposition.

 

Illustrative examples, brief discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 115-6

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 102

   

5

1

Product-product relationship.

 

Supplementary and complementary products.

 

Give examples of product-product relationship.

 

Give illustrative examples depicting supplementary and complementary products.

Oral questions: joint products, competitive products.

 

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 116-7

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 103

   

2

The principle of equi-marginal returns.

 

The concept of cost.

State the principle of equi-marginal returns.

 

Determine the cost of production.

Identify the role of cost in production.

List types of costs.

Discussion.

 

 

Exposition;

Worked examples.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 117-9

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 104-5,6

   

3

Types of revenue.

Compute total revenue, net revenue and marginal revenue given the relevant information. Worked examples;

Explanations.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 119-120

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 107

   

4

Farm planning.

State factors to consider when drawing a farm plan. Exposition, Q/A & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 121-2

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 108

   

6

1

Making a farm plan.

Outline steps followed in making a farm plan. Exposition, probing questions & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 122-3

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 109

   

2

Farm budgeting.

Define a farm budget.

Analyse importance of farm budgeting.

Exposition & discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 123

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 110

 

   

3

Types of farm budgets.

Describe types of farm budgets.

Give examples of contexts where certain types of budgets are used.

Draw a partial budget.

Draw a complete budget.

 

Exposition & discussion,

Worked examples;

Supervised practice;

Written exercises.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 124-7

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 110-1

   

4

Farmer’s support services

Extension, training & banking.

 

Describe extension, training & banking as support services to the farmers.

 

Exposition & explanations.   KLB BK IV

Pg 127-8

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 112-3

   

7

1

Credit.

 

 

 

Sources of credit.

 

 

Define the term credit.

Identify types of credit.

Differentiate between hard & soft credit.

List down sources of credit.

Identify problems associated with credits.

 

Detailed discussion

& exposition of new concepts.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 128-130

 

 

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 113-5

   

2

Artificial insemination

&

Agricultural research.

Describe A.I. services provided to farmers.

Identify objectives of Agricultural research.

Give examples of Agricultural research centers in Kenya.

 

Detailed discussion

& exposition of new concepts.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 130-2

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 115-6

   

3

Marketing.

 

Farm input suppliers

Tractor hire service

Cite examples of organizations that help farmers in marketing their produce.

Cite organizations where farmers can obtain farm inputs.

State merits & demerits of tractor hire service.

Cite points of tractor hire service.

Writing initials in full e.g. KPCU.

 

Brief discussion

  KLB BK IV

Pg 132-4

 

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 112-3

 

   

4

Risks and uncertainties in farming.

Define the terms risk and uncertainty.

List types of risk and uncertainties.

 

 

 

Brain storming;

Detailed discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 134-5

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 116-7

   

8

1

Adjusting to uncertainties and risks. Outline ways of adjusting to risks and uncertainties.

 

 

 

Brain storming;

Detailed discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 135-6

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 118-9

   

2

AGRICULTURE ECONOMIC IV (FARM ACCOUNTS)

 

Financial documents.

 

 

 

 

 

Outline details contained in an invoice, receipt, delivery note and a purchase order.

 

 

 

 

Oral questions & brief discussion.

 

 

 

Invoice, receipt, delivery note and a purchase order.

 

 

 

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 139-145

 

Longhorn Bk 4

121

 

 

3

Books of accounts.

Describe features of the ledger and the inventory. Oral questions & brief discussion.

Illustrative tables.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 146-150

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 124

 

4

Cash book.

Describe features of the cash book.

Balance cash book.

Oral questions & brief discussion.

Illustrative examples.

 

Cash book. KLB BK IV

Pg 150

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 125

 

9

1

Journal

&

Subsidiary books of the Journal.

Describe features of the journal & subsidiary books of the journal. Oral questions & brief discussion.

Illustrative tables.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 151-3

 

2

 

 

 

Financial statements.

Balance sheet.

Describe features of balance sheets.

Prepare a balance sheet.

 

 

Make entries in a balance sheet.

Prepare a balance sheet.

Supervised practice.

Balance sheet. KLB BK IV

Pg 154-7

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 129-130

 

3

Solvency of a business.

Determine whether a business is solvent or insolvent.

 

    KLB BK IV

Pg 154-7

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 130

 

4

Profit and loss account.

Define a profit and loss account.

Draw a profit and loss A/C.

Compute net profit.

 

Teacher gives format of profit and loss A/C.

Worked examples.

Supervised practice.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 157-9

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 132-3

 

10

1,2

Cash analysis.

Define the term cash analysis.

Draw a cash analysis.

Compute total receipt and total expenditure for a given accounting period.

Worked examples.

Supervised practice.

Written exercise.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 159-162

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 133-4

 

3

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING & ORGANIZATIONS

 

Market and marketing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Define the term market as an institution.

Distinguish between a perfect and imperfect market.

 

 

 

 

 

Q/A: definition.

Teacher’s explanations.

   

 

 

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 164

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 137

 

4

Types of markets.

 

Monopoly.

Oligopoly

     &

Monopsony.

 

Identify features of a monopolistic competition in a market, oligopolistic and monopsonistic markets.

 

Brain storming;

Exposition;

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 165-6

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 137-8

 

11

1

Price theory and demand.

Define the terms price & demand.

Sketch the demand curve.

Explain the term demand schedule.

Exposition;

Curve sketching & explanations.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 166-8

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 139-140

 

2

Factors affecting demand for a commodity.

Outline factors affecting demand for a commodity. Q/A, discussion & explanations.   KLB BK IV

Pg 168-9

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 140-2

 

3

Elasticity of demand.

Explain the concept of elasticity of demand.

Illustrate demand for a commodity.

Calculate elasticity of demand.

Identify types of elasticity of demand.

Illustrate elastic, inelastic  & unitary demand graphically.

Teacher’s explanations.

Graphical illustration.

 

Worked examples. Supervised practice.

 

 

 

Graphical representation of demand.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 170-3

 

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 142-4

 

4

Factors affecting elasticity of demand.

State factors affecting elasticity of demand. Exposition;

Explanations.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 173-4

 

 

12,

13

END  OF  TERM TWO EXAMINATIONS    

 

FORM             FOUR            AGRICULTURE      TERM            THREE    2011  

1

1

Supply

&

Supply-price relationship.

Define the term supply.

Illustrate supply-price relationship.

Sketching supply-price curves.

Refer to supply schedules.

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 174-5

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 144-5

 

2

Factors affecting supply of a commodity.

State & explain factors affecting supply of a commodity. Q/A & detailed discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 175-7

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 145-6

 

3

Elasticity of supply (Es).

Define elasticity of supply (Es).

Calculate (Es)

Q/A: review Ed hence defines Es.

Worked examples.

Supervised activity.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 177-8

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 147

 

4

Determination of market prices.

Explain how market prices are determined.

Determine the equilibrium or market prices of a commodity in a free market.

 

Teacher’s explanation.

 

Q/A : review demand and supply curves.

Plot both curves.

Interpret the graphs.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 178-9

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 149

 

2

1

 

 

 

Price control.

 

 

Marketing and marketing function.

Explain the role of government in price control.

 

Define marketing and marketing function.describe tingfunction. a market.

Brain storming;

Exposition;

Discussion.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 179-183

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 151

 

2

Marketing organizations and agencies.

 

Wholesalers & retailers.

 

 

 

Explain the arbitrage role of a wholesaler.

Identify services provided by retailers.

 

 

 

Brain storming;

Exposition;

Discussion.

   

 

KLB BK IV

Pg 183-4

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 151

 

 

3

Itinerant traders, broker agents & commission agents.

Outline the functions of Itinerant traders, broker agents & commission agents in a market. Exposition & explanation.   KLB BK IV

Pg 184-5

 

 

 

 

4

Packers and processors, marketing boards & auctioneers.

Outline functions of packers and processors, marketing boards & auctioneers in a market. Q/A & detailed discussion.   KLB BK IV

Pg 185-6

 

3

1

Special characteristics of Agricultural products.

Describe bulkiness, weight, volume, seasonality and perishability of Agricultural products. Oral questions & detailed discussion   KLB BK IV

Pg 186-8

 

2

Agricultural organizations.

Kenya sugar authority, Horticultural crops Development Authority, AFC, ADC, and KMC.

 

 

Outline the functions of Kenya sugar authority, Horticultural crops Development Authority, AFC, ADC, and KMC. Probing questions,

Brief discussion

  KLB BK IV

Pg 189-192

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 163-4

 

3

Other Farmers’ Associations:

 KNFU, ASK, 4K-club, YF club.

Outline the functions of other Farmers’ Associations such as KNFU, ASK, 4K-club, YF club. Probing questions,

Brief discussion

Assignment.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 195-7

 

4

Co-operative societies.

Outline the principles of co-operatives.

Highlight functions of co-operatives.

 

Probing questions, brief discussion, & teacher’s explanations.   KLB BK IV

Pg 161-2

 

4

1

AGROFORESTRY

Definition of

agroforestry.

 

Forms of agroforestry.

 

 

Define the term agroforestry.

 

Describe forms of agroforestry.

 

 

 

Probing questions & explanations.

  KLB BK IV

Pg 200-1

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 166-7

 

2

Importance of agroforestry.

Explain the importance of agroforestry.     KLB BK IV

Pg 201-2

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 167-8

 

3

Tree nursery.

State factors considered when selecting the nursery site.

Describe treatment of nursery seeds.

 

 

Q/A & discussions. Tree nurseries. KLB BK IV

Pg 203-5

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 169-173

 

4

Nursery management practices

    &

Care and management of trees.

Identify practices carried out on the nursery in order to produce healthy tree seedlings.

Describe the care and management of trees.

Brain storming;

Discussion;

Practical activities – transplanting seedlings.

Tree nurseries. KLB BK IV

Pg 205-8

 

Longhorn Bk 4

Pg 173-177

 

 

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT TEST

 

       

 

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