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FORM 1 –


  1. (a) Explain the benefits of learning Christian Religious Education in secondary schools in Kenya. (7mks)

(b)   State the versions of the Bible used by the churches in Kenya today.                                  (5mks)

(c)   From the Genesis stories of the fall of human beings, explain the results of sin.                            (8mks)


  1. (a)State the promises that God made to Abraham. (6mks)

(b)Give reasons why circumcision was important to the Jews.                                       (6mks)

(c)Explain four characteristics of a covenant demonstrated in the covenant between God and Abraham.                                                                                                             (8mks)

  1. (a)Describe the call of Moses (Exodus 3: 1 – 22)        (8mks)

(b)Outline seven plagues that God used to demonstrate His power in Egypt.                                         (7mks)

(c)What did the Israelites learn about God’s nature during exodus?                                           (5mks)

  1. (a)Give reasons why the Israelites demanded for a king.             (7mks)

(b)State the achievements of Solomon as King of Israel.                                                (7mks)

(c)State the functions of the Temple in the Jewish community.                                      (6mks)

  1. (a)Describe the nature of the canaanitereligion.                                                 (7mks)

(b)Identify ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to the spread of idolatry in Israel.            (8mks)

(c)Mention five Canaanite gods.                                       (5mks)



1(a)     Benefits of learning Christian Religious Education in Secondary Schools in Kenya.

–           It equips the learner with an understanding of God / spiritual growth.

–           The learner acquires life skills to handle challenges in life.

–           It helps one to respect his / her own religion and that of others.

–           It helps one to acquire basic principles / teaching for Christian living / moral values.

–           It enables one to understand how to relate with other people / national unity.

–           It gives answers to questions / mysteries of life.

–           It explains the origin / purpose  of human beings on earth.

–           It leads to employment / career.

(7 x 1 = 7mks)



(b)       Versions of the Bible used in Churches in Kenya

  • Revised Standard Version
  • Living Bible
  • Amplified Bible
  • Jerusalem Bible
  • New International Version
  • Kings James Version
  • The Gideon International
  • New English Bible
  • Common Bible
  • Good News Bible

(5 x 1 = 5mks)


(c)       Results of sin from the Genesis stories of the fall of human beings (Gen, 3: 2 – 13)

–           All human beings were to die.

–           Their friendship with God changed to fear / God withdrew from Company

–           They experienced shame and guilt / were ashamed of their nakedness.

–           Women became subject to man.

–           Human beings would experience pain.

–           Human beings would have to toil / struggle inorder to eat / live.

–           The good relationship between human beings and wild animals was destroyed.

–           The ground was cursed because of them.

–           Murderous feeling entered people’s hearts.

–           Human language was confused.

–           Human beings were expelled from the garden of Eden.

–           Human beings / animals / plants were destroyed by the flood.

(8 x 1 = 8mks)


2(a)     Promises that God made to Abraham.

  • He would make Abraham’s name great / famous.
  • God would bless those who bless Abraham / curse those who curse him / protect him.
  • All the families of the world would be blessed through Abraham.
  • God would give land to Abraham’s descendants.
  • He would give Abraham many descendants / he would have a great nation.
  • God will bless Abraham.
  • God would give Abraham long life / he would die in peace.
  • He would give Abraham a son / heir.
  • Kings will come from Abraham’s descendants.

(6  x 1 = 6mks)


(b)       Reasons why circumcision was important to the Jews.

–           It was an outward sign of the inner faith.

–           It  was a physical badge / identity for all male children.

–           It showed that one had made a covenant with God / that benefits from God’s promises to Abraham.

–           It was a sign of obedience to God.

–           It signified purity / cleanliness.

–           Through it, one became a member of Jewish community / Abraham’s family.

–           It identified the Israelites as God’s chosen race.

–           Through it Abraham and his descendants were assured of inheriting God’s blessings.

–           It was a sign of continued  love and protection from God which the descendants were to enjoy.

(6 x 1 = 6mks)


(c)       The characteristics of a covenant demonstrated in the covenant between God and Abraham.

–           A covenant is made between two parties which enter into a mutual agreement. God and Abraham were the two parties that entered into a mutual agreement.

–           In a covenant promises are made, God made several promises of what He would do for Abraham.

–           The covenant is solemnized through rituals. Abraham offered animals / birds as a sacrifice to God.

–           A covenant has an outward sign, Abraham was to circumcise all his male children / descendants to show that he had made a covenant with God.

–           Covenants have conditions / obligations to be met. The covenant between God and Abraham was not to be broken, it bound even his descendants.

–           A covenant is sealed. It was sealed through the blood of animals.

(4  x  2  = 8mks)




3(a)     The call of Moses (Exodus 3: 1 – 22)

  • Moses was looking after his father – in – law’s sheep at Mt. Horeb / Sinai.
  • An angel of the Lord appeared to him in a burning bush which was not getting consumed.
  • Moses turned to see the bush, God called his name out of the bush.
  • Moses responded to God by saying “Here I am”
  • God commanded Moses not to move near / to remove his shoes because the place is holy.
  • God revealed Himself to Moses as the God of his ancestors. (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob)
  • Moses hid his face / was afraid to look at God.
  • God told Moses that he had seen the suffering of his people in Egypt / had come to deliver them / wanted to send Moses to Pharaoh to release his people.
  • Moses was reluctant to be sent to Pharaoh / God promised to be with him / gave him a sign.
  • Moses sought to know the name of God who was sending him / God revealed his name as “I am who I am.”
  • God told Moses to go and gather the elders of Israel / tell them God’s message about their deliverance.
  • Moses was told to go with the elders to Pharaoh to ask for their release from Egypt.
  • God promised to perform miracles to compel Pharaoh.
  • The Israelites will get favour from Egyptians / get jewellery.

(8  x 1 = 8mks)


(b)       Plagues that God used to demonstrate his power in Egypt.

–           The waters of Egypt turned into blood.

–           The land of Egypt was covered with frog.

–           The dust of Egypt became gnats.

–           Swarms of flies covered the land.

–           There was death of all Egyptian livestock.

–           There was an outbreak of boils on human beings / animals.

–           The plague of severe hailstorm.

–           There was a swarm of locusts.

–           Darkness covered the land of Egypt for three days.

–           Death of the first born males of the Egyptians.

(7 x 1 = 7mks)


(c)       Israelites new understanding of the nature of God  during the exodus.

–           He was the God of their forefathers.

–           God is more powerful than other gods.

–           God fulfils His promises.

–           God is holy.

–           God uses His chosen ones to carry out His mission.

–           God is a provider.

–           God is a personal God.

–           He is the only God.

–           He is transcendent / beyond human understanding.

–           God demands total obedience.

–           God is awesome as shown in people’s fear of Him as seen at Mt. Sinai.

–           God is omnipresent.

–           God is jealous.(5 X 1 = 5mks)

4(a)     Reasons why the Israelites demanded for a King.

  • Samuel had become old / unable to rule.
  • Samuel appointed his sons as judges / made the post hereditary.
  • The sons of Samuel were corrupt / failed as judges.
  • Israelites wanted to be like other nations.
  • They wanted a king who would lead them to war against their enemies.
  • They wanted a leader whom they could see / rejected God as King.
  • They wanted a political government governed with law and order.
  • They wanted a human leader with national authority to be recognized by other nations.

(7 x 1 = 7mks)


(b)       Achievement of King Solomon of Israel.

–           He built the temple of worship of Yahweh.

–           He established trade links with neighbouring nations.

–           He built many cities in Israel.

–           He reorganized the central government / established a strong army to maintain peace.

–           He established diplomatic links with other nations.

–           He built a magnificient palace.

–           He composed proverbs / songs for the worship of Yahweh.

–           He settled disputes wisely.

–           He installed the ark of covenant in the temple / dedicated the temple to God.

(7 x 1 = 7mks)


(c)       Functions of the Temple in the Jewish Community.

–           It was used for prayer.

–           It was the place where the law was taught to children and people.

–           Priests burnt sacrifices / offered incense in the temple to God.

–           Purification rituals were conducted in the temple.

–           It was a home for the priests.

–           Dedication / presentation of the babies were carried out in the temple.

–           It  was a business centre for the Jews.

–           The Jewish Council (Sanhedrin) held their sessions in the temple.

–           All the Jewish festivals were celebrated in the temple.

(6 x 1 = 6mks)







5(a)     The nature of the canaanite religion.

  • It was based on the nature / cosmic
  • It was polytheistic / comprised of many gods.
  • Symbols were made to represent each god.
  • Temple prostitution was part of the worship.
  • Both human and animal sacrifices were made to the gods.
  • Festivals and feasts were celebrated in honour of the gods.
  • Rituals were performed to ensure continued fertility.
  • There were prophets and prophetesses.
  • There was a chief god.
  • Had temples built for gods.

(7 x 1 = 7mks)


(b)       Ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to the spread of idolatry in Israel.

–           He made two golden bulls and placed one at Bethel and another at Dan to represent Yahweh.

–           He set up two rival places of worship and ignored Jerusalem.

–           He made the Israelites to offer sacrifices to golden bulls.

–           He chose priests from ordinary families to serve at worship centres.

–           He built other places of worship / shrines on hill tops.

–           He burnt incense at altars of the idols / offered sacrifices.

–           He instituted religious festivals in the months of his choice.

–           He lured the people against Yahweh.

(4 x 2 = 8mks)


(c)       Canaanite gods

–           EL

–           Asherah

–           Baal

–           Baalath / Ashtarte

–           Anat

–           Dragon

–           Mot

(5 x 1 = 5mks)


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