Home Teachers' Resources AGRICULTURE KCSE PREDICTIONS

AGRICULTURE KCSE PREDICTIONS

KCSE PREDICTOR 1
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
TIME: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30 MRKS)
1.Differentiate between olericulture and pomoculture as used in crop production .(1mrk) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2.Give four method of farming (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3.Give two examples for each of the following types of cost incurred in broiler production .
a) Variable cost ( 2 marks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) fixed cost (2 marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4.Give four advantages of crop rotation .(2mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5.State four factors that that should be considered when classifying crop pest (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. a) Name four pieces of information contained in a land title deed (2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
b) Name two forms of collective land tenure system. (1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. List four post – harvest practices that are carried out in maize production (2mks
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. What is opportunity cost? (1/2 mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9.Outline four ways of improving lab our productivity (2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
10. State four factors that can affect the efficiency of pesticides (2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11 List four sites on which agro forestry trees can be established on a farm. (2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12.Give four advantages of using seeds over vegetative materials. (2 mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………
13.State four features that should be considered when choosing water pipes for use on the farm. (2 mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
14.Give three reasons why primary cultivation should be done early before the onset of the rains(1 ½ )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15. Give four suitable characteristics of plants used as green manure. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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SECTION B: (20 marks)
Answer all the questions in the section in the spaces provided.
16. The diagram below shows a pest and the damaged crop study it and answer the questions that follow.
a) Identify the pest illustrated above (1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Explain two ways of controlling the pest (2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c) State two ways in which the pest economically important. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. a) Distinguish between straight and compound fertilizers. (1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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b) A farmer applied 200kg of C A N (20%N) per hectare maize crop. Calculate the amount of
Nitrogen applied on his 5 hectare crop. Show your working (4mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
18The diagram below shows a maize cob attacked by a certain disease. Study it and then answer the following questions.
a) Identify the disease (1 Mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) Name two causal organism of the disease. (1 Mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) State three cultural methods of controlling the disease. (3 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
19. Below is a graphical representation of a law in agricultural economics. Study the graph carefully
and answer the questions that follow.
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1400
1200
1000 Phase I Phase II Phase III
800
600
400
200
0 20 40 60 90 100
Fertilizer input (50kg bags)
a) State the law illustrated by the graph (2mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
b) Explain how each additional unit of fertilizer input relates to the total output of maize in
phases II and III .( 2 mks)
Phase II
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Phase III (1mk
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) State the importance of the law identified in ( I ) above to the maize farmer (1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C ( 40MARKS)
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided
20a) Explain five factors that should be considered in farm planning. (10 Mks)
b) Describe transplanting of tomatoes seedling. (10 Mks)
21Describe paddy rice production under the following sub-headings.
i) Land preparation (2 Mks)
ii) Water control (2 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
iii) Fertilizer application (2 Mks)
iv) Weed control (2 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Explain how each of the properties of rainfall and light influence crop production.
i) Rainfall (8 Mks)
ii) Light
c) Explain four factors that should be considered when sitting a vegetable nursery. (4mks)
22a) Describe six advantages of rotational grazing (6mrks)
b)Explain eight ways in which soil fertility can be maintained (8mrks)
c) Explain six reasons for pruning coffee.(6mrks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 1
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
TIME: 2 HOURS
SECTION A
ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION IN THE SPACES PROVIDED
d) Name two dairy goat breeds found in Kenya. (1 Mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
e) Outline four reasons for maintaining farm tools and equipment in good condition. (2 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
f) Outline two predisposing factors of foot rot. (1 Mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
g) Name two rules that should be observed when milking. (1 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
h) Outline two duties of a worker bee in a colony of bees. (1 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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i) Study the table below fill in the blanks to show the term used to refer to parturition and young ones of the following animals. (2 Mks)
Type of animal
Act of parturition
Term to refer to the young one
Cattle
Calving
Calf
Goats
…………………………………
…………………………………..
pig
………………………………….
…………………………………..
j) State four harmful effects of ticks. (2 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
k) State four desirable factors to consider when siting a fish pond. (2 Mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Name the most appropriate tools used in the following operations
a) Removing metal chippings in file (1mrk )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Cutting wood along grains (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c) Branding (1mrks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. State four characteristic of Boran cattle (2mrks)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
11. Name three methods of out breeding in livestock production ((1 ½ marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
12 .What do you understand by the following terms as used I animal production .
a) Caponisation (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) Bullock (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c. Epistasis(1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13State four control measures of a liver fluke in livestock. (2 marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
14What is “dry cow therapy” in dairy cattle management?
(1/2 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15State four causes of stress in poultry. (2 marks)
16.Distinguish between mothering ability and prolificacy as used in livestock breeding.( 1mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17 Name two sources of protein for livestock nutrition. (2 marks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
18State four signs of parturition shown by a in calf cow. (2 marks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B ( 20 mks)
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ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION
19The diagram below shows a certain practice carried out on pig
1. Identify the practice illustrated above (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Draw another illustration depicting pig number 37(1mrk)
3. Name the tool used to carry out the practice illustrated above (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. State two other method of identifying piglet (2mrks)
i)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
ii)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
20. The diagrams below show some farm tools. study them and answer the question that follow.
K
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a) Name the tools.
(2 marks)
A
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
B
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
C
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
W
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
v) State the functional differences between tools K and W. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) What advantage does C have over A and B? (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
a) State one common maintenance practice carried out in tool C and W. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
21a) The diagram below shows a structure of the udder of a cow. Name the part labeled W, X, Y and Z.(2 marks)
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W
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
X
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Y
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
Z
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) What is milk let down (1 mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
c) Name two hormones that control milk let down in dairy cow. (2 mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
22. Below is an illustration of a method of extracting honey from combs .Study the diagram and answer the question that follow .
9. Identify the above method of extracting honey (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. Give a reason why container x should not be heated directly (1mrk
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11. Name the parts labeled w and y(2mrks)
W……………………………………………………………………………………………………
Y……………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. Besides the above method ,State one other method of extracting honey (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION C (40 MKS)
ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION
23(a) State five reasons why bees swarm. (5 marks)
b) Describe five maintenance practices carried out on a tractor battery. (5 marks)
c) Explain five factors considered when culling livestock. (5 Mks)
d. Explain five mechanical methods of controlling ticks.(5 mks)
24a) Describe the process of egg formation in chicken up to the point of laying. (10 Mks)
b) State the differences between four stroke cycle and two stroke cycle engine. (5 Mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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c) Describe the process of digestion in rumen. (5 Mks)
25. a) Describe trypanosomiasis disease under the following sub-headings.
i) Causal organism (1 Mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
ii) Animal attacked (1 Mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
iii) Five symptoms of attacked animals (5 Mks)
iv) Three control measures (3 Mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Control five control measures for cannibalism (5 Mks)
(c) Explain five parts of a piggery unit (10mrks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 2
443/1
AGRICULTURE PAPER 1
Time: 2 hours
SECTION A (30 MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided
1. Give two ways that can be used to assess soil fertility (1 mark)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. List four methods that can be used to reclaim a water-logged land (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
3. State four reasons why subsoiling is important as an operation of land preparation. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4. Give two factors that influence the quality of farmyard manure. (1 mark)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. State four advantages of applying lime as a measure of improving soil condition (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
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(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. State three functions of Nitrogen in crops. (1 ½ marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Give four factors that can increase seed rate in crop production. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8. State four uses of organic mulch in crop production. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. List four characteristics of crops grown for green manure. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. List four advantages of timely harvesting of crops. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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11. State two advantages of intercropping (1 mark)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
12. State two conditions under which the opportunity cost is zero in a farming enterprise.
(1 mark)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13. Give four advantages of sprinkler irrigation. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14. State four disadvantages of weeds in crop production (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15. Give three reasons for the success of settlement schemes in Kenya after independence
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(1½ marks)
16. State four factors affecting the efficiency of pesticides. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
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(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17. State four factors that influence solifluction. (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
18. Give a reason for carrying out the following practice
(a). topdressing established crops. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
SECTION B (20 MARKS)
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided
19. Below is a diagram of a type of oil structure. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
(a) Identify the soil structure illustrated above. (1 mark)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Give one way in which the structure illustrated above limit crop production.
(1 mark)
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20. Study the illustration given below and use it to answer the questions that follow.
b) Identify the operation illustrated above. (1 mark)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
c) State four reasons for carrying out the operation named in (a) above (2 marks)
(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv)………………………………………………………………………………………………….
21. A farmer has four plots L1, L2, L3 and L4 as shown in the table below. Each plot has an agronomic problem as indicated.
L1 L2 L3 L4
Infected with witch Infected with Deficient in Prone to soil
Weed bacterial Nitrogen erosion
(striga spp) wilt
Plan a crop rotation programme for the first year in the four plots using the following crops maize, Irish potatoes, Rhodes grass and Beans (2 marks)
L1………………………………………….
L2………………………………………….
L3…………………………………………..
L4………………………………………….
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(b). Give reasons to justify the plan you have made in plots L2, L3 and L4. (3marks)
L2……………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
L3…………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
L4…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
22. Mr. Mulamba was advised to apply 150kgCAN/ha, while topdressing his maize crop. CAN contains 21%N. Calculate the amount of nitrogen applied/ha (4 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
23. Observe the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
(a). Identify the mode of feeding exhibited by a pest having such features. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(b). Name any two pests with the above feeding habits. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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24. (a) The diagram below shows a nursery management practice carried out on a tree seedling. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
(a) Identify the management practice. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(b). Give two reasons for carrying out the practice above. (2 marks)
(i)……………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii). ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
SECTION C (40 MARKS)
Answer any two questions from this section in the spaces provided after questions.
25. (a) Describe harvesting of cotton under the following sub-headings
i. Procedure (3 marks)
ii. Precautions (4 marks)
(b). Outline five measures taken to prevent water pollution. (5 marks)
(c). Explain four ways in which biotic factors influence crop production in Agriculture
(8 marks)
26. (a). Explain five farming activities which may encourage soil erosion. (10 marks)
(b). Explain the importance of a nursery in crop propagation. (5 marks)
(c). Give the contributions of settlement schemes to agricultural development. (5 marks)
27. Describe the production of beans under the following subheadings:
(i). Field preparation (4 marks)
(ii). Planting (3 marks)
(iii). Field management practices. (5 marks)
(b). Outline the advantages of a mixed grass legume pasture over pure grass. (8 marks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 2
443/2
AGRICULTURE
Paper 2(Theory)
Time: 2 Hours
1. Name four exotic beef cattle breeds most reared in Kenya. [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. If a sow was successfully served on 27th September 2019, state the date she is likely to have furrowed. [1mark]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Give two importance of docking in rams. [1 mark]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Mention four causes of stress in a flock of Birds (2 marks)
(i) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Name two nutritional disease of cattle. [1 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. State four methods of preserving fish. [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
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(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. State four disadvantages of free range system of poultry rearing. (2 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. State four advantages of a Kenya top bar hive. [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Name two diseases that affect female animals only. [1 mark]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Name four tick borne diseases [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
11. State four ways of vaccinating livestock. [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
12. Name three notifiable livestock diseases in Kenya. [1 ½ marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
13. State four ways of identifying livestock. [2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
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(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
14. List four safety precautions taken into consideration when using with farm tools.[2 marks]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
15. State three causes of piglet mortality. [1 ½ mark]
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
 Give four characteristics of roughages feeds. (2 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
 Give four reasons why camels are suited to living in arid areas. (2 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(iv). …………………………………………………………………………………………….
 Name the parental breeds of the dorper. (1 mark)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B [20 MARKS]
Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided.
 A poultry farmer has maize containing 8% DCP and Soya beans containing 43% DCP. If the farmer wants to make 100kg of a feed, using the person’s method calculate the proportions in which the two ingredients would have to be mixed to make a feedstuff containing 15% DCP. (Show your working). (5 marks)
20. Below is an illustration of a fish pond. Study it carefully and then answer the following questions.
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21. a). Give the reason why part D is usually deeper than the rest of the pond. (1 mark)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ (b). Name the part labelled A, B and C. (1 ½ mark)
A
B
C
(c). State three maintenance practices that should be carried out on the fish pond. (1 ½ mark)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..
(d). Give two reason why a fence should be constructed around the fish pond. (1 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
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22. The following illustration represent a certain practice carried out in sheep management. Study the illustration and answer the questions that follow.
(a). Identify the practice. (1 mark)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(b). Name the tool being used in carrying out the practice. (1 mark)
______________________________________________________________________________(c). State two precautions that should be take when carrying out this practice. (2 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d). Name a breed of sheep reared for wool production. (1 mark)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
22. The following is diagram of an egg. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
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(a). Name the part labelled B,C,D and F. (2 marks)
B
C
D
F
(b). State two qualities of the part labelled A that should be considered when selecting egg for incubation. (2 marks)
(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………………………
(c). What is the function of the part labelled E in a fertilized egg? (1 mark)
________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
SECTION C. (40 MARKS)
Answer any two questions in this section in space provided at the back..
24. (a). Describe the feeding of bees under bee keeping. (5 marks)
(b). Describe the management practices that a farmer should carry out to improve milk production in a low yielding herd of dairy cattle. (15 marks)
25. (a). Outline the procedure followed when hand spraying cattle to ensure effective use of accaricide to control ticks. (10 marks) (b). Outline five differences between exotic cattle breeds and indigenous cattle breed. (5 marks)
(c). Outline five qualities of a good grain store. (5 mark)
26. (a). Describe the role of the various components of a balanced diet in livestock nutrition.
(10 marks)
(b). Give five reasons of keeping livestock healthy. (5 marks)
(c). Outline five predisposing factors of mastitis in lactating cows. (5 marks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 3
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30MKS)
Answer all the questions from this section in the spaces provided.
1. Give two characteristics of plantation farming. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. Name two chemical processes of weathering. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
3. State two advantages of organic farming. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4. Outline two effects of soil organisms which benefit plant growth. (1mk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Give two ways in which organic mulch help to conserve water in the soil. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. Give two types of labour records. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. Outline four ways in which land consolidation helps to improve farm management. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. State four importance of raising seedlings in a nursery bed. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Give four ways of controlling weeds in a field of maize. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. State three reasons for top dressing pasture. ( 11/2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11. Give four reasons for training crops as a field practice . ( 2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
12. State three activities the farmer carries out on a store before storing grains. (11/2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13. Give four desirable characteristics of certified seeds. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14. (a) Outline two characteristics of nitrogenous fertilizers. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Give the forms in which the following elements are available to plants: (1mk)
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(i) Phosphorous: ……………………………………….
(ii) Potassium: ………………………………………
15. Give four factors that influence the choice of tools and equipment used in Primary cultivation. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16. State four factors that contribute to competitive ability of weeds. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17. Define the following terms as used in crop production.
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(a) Trelishing (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Stooking (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
18. Give two advantages of strip grazing (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
19. State four advantages of mixed pasture. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B. (20 MARKS)
Answer ALL questions in this section in the spaces provided
20. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow. The illustrations represent a method of crop propagation.
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(a) Name the crops (s) propagated by illustrations: (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Give three factors that promote the rooting of illustration A. (3mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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21. The diagram below illustrates an experiment using garden soil. Study it carefully and answer the question that follow.
(a) What was the aim of the experiment? (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Name the parts labeled C and D. (2mrks)
C…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
D…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Name the property of soil being investigated. (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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22. The illustration below shows a type of soil erosion. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
(a) Identify the type of erosion illustrated. (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Give two soil factors that influence the rate of soil erosion. (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Name one agent of soil erosion. (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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23. The diagram below illustrate a method of irrigation carried out on the farm
(i) Identify the type of irrigation shown above. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) Name two advantages of the above method. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
24. The diagram below represent a method of manure preparation. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
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(a) Identify the type of manure being prepared. (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Name the parts labeled E and F. (1mrk) .
E…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
F…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Give three disadvantages of manures. (3mrks)
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SECTION C (40MARKS)
Answer any TWO question from the section in the spaces provided
25. (a) Give six precautions observed in pruning mature tea (6 mks)
(b) Describe the procedure followed when collecting a soil sample form the field for testing in the
laboratory (6 mks)
(c) Outline four advantages of intercropping crops (4 mks)
(d) State four factors considered before selecting a farm enterprise. (4 mks)
26. Describe the production of tomatoes under the following sub-headings:
i) Ecological requirements of tomato plants (5mks)
ii) Land preparations (4mks)
iii) Transplanting (7mks)
iv) Disease control (4mks)
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27. a) State five factors that influence soil productivity. (5mks)
b) State five qualities of mother plant used during grafting. (5mks)
c) Give two types of mulching materials. (2mks)
d) State four agricultural practices which pollute water. (4mks)
e) Describe precautions followed when harvesting coffee. (4mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 3
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the space provided.
SECTION A (30 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided.
1. Name the camel breed with two humps. (1 mark)
……………………………………………………………………………………
2. List four disadvantages of animal drawn implements. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Name the vectors for each of the following livestock diseases. (2 marks)
a) East coast fever……………………………………………………………………
b) Rift valley fever……………………………………………………………………
c) Trypanosomiasis………………………………………………………………….
d) Nairobi sheep disease………………………………………………………………
4. Give four factors considered when selecting a site for fish pond. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
5.List four implements that can be connected to the power take off shaft (PTO) of a Tractor. (2 marks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6.State two methods of increasing the depth of penetration of a disc harrow. (2 marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. (a) Name the tools used in ( 2 marks)
(i) Cutting curves on thin wood………………………………………
(ii)Measuring the inner diameter of a circular object/surface…………………………..
(iii)Cutting thin sheets of metal………………………………………………………
(iv)Tightening wires during fencing………………………………………………….
b) State two care and maintenance practices of masonry tools and equipment. (1 mark)
……………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………
8. State four pre-disposing factors of mastitis disease in cattle. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Outline four factors which would be considered when culling layers. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. Give three reasons for choosing corrugated iron sheets in roofing of farm stores instead of tiles. (3 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. What is the purpose of fixing a ring around nostrils of a bull. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. State one use of each of the following parts found in a tractor.
(a) Carburetor……………………………………………………………… (1 mark)
(b) Spark plug ……………………………………………………………… (1 mark)
13. Name the mineral whose deficiency symptom is Grass tetany in livestock. (½ mark)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
14. Give three post-milking activities in dairy cattle. (1½ marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………….
15. Name two livestock diseases controlled by the same vaccine and name the (1½ marks) Vaccine ……………………………………………………………………..
(i) …………………………………………………………………………….
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(ii) …………………………………………………………………………….
16. State the role of the following hormones in livestock production. (2 marks)
Prolactin………………………………………………………………………….
Oxytocin ……………………………………………………………………………
17. Name one parasite of bees. (½ mark)
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B (20 Marks)
Answer all the questions from this section.
18.Diagram below show a plunge dip.
a) Using a arrow on the diagram show the movement of cattle (½mark)
b) State one use of parts A, B and C (3marks)
A……………………………………………………………………………………………
B……………………………………………………………………………………………
C……………………………………………………………………………………………
c) State two precautions a farmer should take on dip to ensure effective dipping (2marks)
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(i)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
ii)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d). State two uses of the roof of the dip (2marks)
(i)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………
b) State three disadvantages of a plunge dip (3marks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………
19a) i) Identify the tools below (1mark)
X ………………………………………………………………………..
Y ……………………………………………………………………….
ii) State the use of tools x and y (2marks)
X ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Y ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
iii) Explain two maintenance practices carried on tool X (2marks)
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i)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
ii)……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) Name the tools used in conjunction of following tools (2marks)
i. Trocar
………………………………………………………………………………………
ii. Hypodermic needle
………………………………………………………………………………………
iii. Wood chisel
………………………………………………………………………………………
iv. Star headed screw
………………………………………………………………………………………
20a) Diagram below show reproductive system of a female cow
i. Name the part marked (1mark)
D ………………………………………………………………………………………………
F ………………………………………………………………………………………………
ii. State the function of parts marked (1mark)
C ………………………………………………………………………………………………
E ………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) At what stage should a gilt be mated? (½mark)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C (40 Marks)
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided after each question.
21.(a)Describe five pre-disposing factor of livestock diseases. (5marks)
…………………
(c) Describe six mechanical methods of controlling ticks (6 marks)
…………………
(c)Describe the factors that affect milk composition of a cow (9 marks)
22.(a)(i) Explain five advantages of animal power. (5marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………
(ii)Describe three operational differences between disc plough and mouldboard plough. (6 marks)
(b)Describe the use of various materials in construction of a Kenya to hive (4 marks)
(c) Outline the care and maintenance of a tractor water cooling system. (5marks)

23.(a)(i) State four physiological body processes considered when assessing on animal health. 4
(ii)Explain nine factors considered when selecting a breeding stock. (9marks)
(b)Describe Brucellosis disease in Cattle under the following sub-headings.
(i)the cause of the disease (1mark)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii)Symptoms of the disease (4marks)
(iii)Control measures (2marks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 4
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30 MRKS)
Answer all question in this section in the space provided
1. Differentiate between olericulture and pomoculture as used in crop production .(1mrk) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. List the physical weathering agents in soil formation process (1 ½ mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Give four method of farming (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4. Give two examples for each of the following types of cost incurred in broiler production .
l) Variable cost ( 2 marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
m) fixed cost (2 marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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5. Give four advantages of crop rotation .(2mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. State four factors that that should be considered when classifying crop pest (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. Give three reasons why a water logged soil is unsuitable for most crops(1 ½ )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Give four advantages of tissue culture (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
1. Outline four observable indictors of economic development of a nation (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Outline four indicators of well decomposed manure (1 ½)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Give two conditions where opportunity cost does not exist (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Give four management practice that promote high herbage yields in pasture production (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Give three reasons why primary cultivation should be done early before the onset of the rains(1 ½ )
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. Give two examples of farm records that are general in nature .(1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Give four role of nitrogen in plants (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Give four benefits of possessing a land title deed (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B (20 MRKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided
9. The diagram below illustrates a feature observed after digging the soil several metres deep Study the diagram carefully and answer the question that follow
b) Identify the feature that the diagram above represents in the study of soil (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) What is the name given to the part labeled p(1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
d) Give a reason why part b is also reffered to as layer of accumulation (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
e) State two ways in which the knowledge of the above feature would be of benefit to farmer (2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
18The diagram below shows a method of crop propagation .Study it and answer the questions that follow
15. Identify the method (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b Name two crops that can be propagated using this method.(1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c. Give three ingredients used when preparing the tissue culture.(1 ½ )
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
19.The following information was obtained from the records of Mr Juma’s farm for the year ended on 31st march 2011
Particulars kshs
Opening Valuation 100,000
Calves 72,000
Hired Labour 21,000
Sales of milk 13,000
Sales of cereals 33,000
Rent 9,000
Feed 5,300
Seed 1,700
Fertilizers 4,700
Sales of Vegetables 9,300
Sales of poultry 1,800
Sales of fruits 700
Pesticides 1,250
Depreciation 650
Repair and Maintenance 950
Interest on loans 200
Closing Valuation 9,0000
d) using the information given above , prepare a profit and loss account for Mr Juma’s farm for the year ended 31st March (7mrks)
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e) Giving a reason, State whether Mr. Juma’s farm made a profit or loss ( ½ mark )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
20) The diagram below shows a maize stalk infected by a certain pest .Study it and answer the questions that follow .
d) Indentify the pest (1/2)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
e) Apart from maize, name another crop attacked by the pest named above ( ½ mark)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
f) Give three cultural measures that can be applied to control the pest (3mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C ( 40MARKS)
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Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided
21a) Describe six advantages of rotational grazing (6mrks)
f) Explain eight ways in which soil fertility can be maintained (8mrks)
g) Explain six factors considered when drawing a farm plan (6mrks)
22a) Explain the factors that influence the type of irrigation to be used in a farm (8mrks)
g) Explain six reasons for pruning coffee.(6mrks)
h) Describe 6 ways in which lab our productivity can be improved on a farm (6mrks)
23a) Describe five importance of agro -forestry in soil and water conservation (6mrks)
16. Describe the procedure of silage making (10mrks)
17. Describe five effect of over application of nitrogenous fertilizer(5mrks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 4
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A 30MRKS
Answer all the questions in this sections in the spaces provided
1. Name the most appropriate tools used in the following operations
a) Removing metal chippings in file (1mrk )
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Cutting wood along grains (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c) Branding (1mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. State four characteristic of Boran cattle (2mrks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. State two functions of a useful bacteria in livestock production (1mrk)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Name four function of lipid in an animal body (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5. State two ways of reducing friction in moving part of farm tool (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. Outline four types of fence that can be used in mixed farm (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. Name three methods of out breeding in livestock production ((1 ½ marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. Give two reasons for tailing in sheep production (1mrk)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Name any five internal parts of cow‘s udder (2 ½ marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. Give five ways of transmitting livestock diseases (2 ½ marks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11. Give four features of improved grain bin (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
12. Give three types of calving complications (1 ½ mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13. State four advantages of zero grazing as a grazing system (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14. State two functions of a queen bee in a colony (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
15. Name four symptoms of anaplasmasis in livestock(2mrks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
16 .What do you understand by the following terms as used I animal production .
10. Coponisation(1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Bullock (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c. Epistasis(1mrk)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B (20Mrks)
Answer all the questions in the spaces provided
17. Below is a diagram of a cooling system .Study it and answer the questions that follow
n) Identify the type of cooling system illustrated (1mrk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b . Name parts labelled J, K , L and M (2mrks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c. Name two problems associated with the type of cooling system illustrated above(2mrks)
(i)
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(ii)
18. Below is an illustration of a method of extracting honey from combs .Study the diagram and answer the question that follow .
6. Indentify the above method of extracting honey (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. Give a reason why container x should not be heated directly (1mrk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. Name the parts labeled w and y(2mrks)
w
y
9. Besides the above method ,State one other method of extracting honey (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
19The diagram below shows a certain practice carried out on pig
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8. Identify the practice illustrated above (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Draw another illustration depicting pig number 37(1mrk)
10. Name the tool used to carry out the practice illustrated above (1mrk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11. State two other method of indentifying piglet (2mrks)
i)
ii)
20 .Below an illustration of a farm operation .Study it carefully and answer the question that follow.
f) Identify the activity being carried out (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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g) Give one other activity carried on the animal before the above operation is carried out (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
h) Outline the procedure of carrying out the above operation (3mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION C
Answer any two questions in the space provided
21. Outline management practice carried out in a fish pond to ensure maximum harvest of fish (7mrlk)
b) Discuss the importance of farm mechanization (6mrks
c) Discuss the short term maintenance practices carried out on a tractor (7 marks)
22. (a) Explain the feature of a piggery unit (10mrks)
o) Explain the factor that influence the work output of a draught animal(10mrks)
23. a)Outline various method of controlling ticks(10 mrks) Describe the management of growers up to the point of lay (10mrks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 5
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A(30mks)Attempt all the questions in this section.
p) Give two conditions under which shifting cultivation can be practiced. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
q) Differentiate between apiculture and aquaculture. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
r) Give four government policies which influence Agricultural production… 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
s) State four methods of clearing land. 2mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
t) State four importance for treating water for domestic use. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
u) Give four qualities of a fertile soil. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
v) State four types of farm records… 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
w) Give four role of nitrogen in a plant. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
x) State four factors which influence the rooting of a cutting . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
y) Give four reasons for growing seedling in a nursery . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
z) Name two methods of pruning . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
aa) Give two causes of blossom end rot in tomatoes. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
bb) Define the following terms as used in Agriculture.
10. Land sub-division 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. Land consolidation. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
cc) State four harmful effects of weed. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
dd) State two categories under which pest can be classified or mode of feeding. 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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ee) Name four causes of crop diseases. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B:20mks:Attempt all questions in this section.
ff) Below is a diagram of one of the tertially practices that are carried out in land preparation. Study it and answer the questions below
12. Identify the tertially practice shown above. 1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………
13. Give four reasons for carrying out the above practice. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. Apart from the above practice name any other two tertiary practices that are carried out in a farm (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
gg) The table below is one of the record that is kept by livestock farmer in the farm
Dam No
Breed colour
Parents: sire
Dam
1st Service
2nd service
3rd serivice
4th service
Remarks
No of service
Date of service
Date of service
Date of service
Date of service
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Time of service
Time of service
Time of service
Time of service
A
…….
Bull No Breed
Bull No Breed
Bull no Breed
B……
Result……………….
Expected date of calving
C…………………………………..
Weight of calf at birth
Sex of the calf
No of calf
i) Identify the type of record. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………
j) Fill in the blank spaces 3mks
A……………………………………………………
B……………………………………………………………
C…………………………………………………………………
hh) A farmer was advised to apply 150 kg of CAN/ha,while top dressing the maize crop.CAN contains 21% N.Calculate the amount of Nitrogen applied per ha. 4mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
ii) Below are various pegging methods of tea. Study them and answer the questions that follows.
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i) Identify the pegging methods shown above. 112𝑚𝑘𝑠
A-
B–
C
j) Apart from the above method .Name any other method which is used to bring tea to bearing. 1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………
k) Give one advantage of using the method given in b above. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………..
l) State one reason why the method in (b) above is not commonly used.½mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
jj) Below are some of the common weeds in Kenya. Study them and answer the questions which follow.
5. Identify the weeds A,B,C D. 2MKS
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……………………………………………………………………………………………
6. What contributes to the competitive ability of weed C 1mk
…………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Why is it difficult to control weed E and weed F. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C(Attempt two questions in this section.(40mks)
kk) (a)Describe the advantages of organic farming in Kenya. 5mks
(b)Explain the overall effects of HIV/AIDS and ill health on Agricultural production.5mks
(c)Describe five reasons of carrying out minimum tillage in agriculture production.5mks
(d)Describe the uses of water in a farm . 5mks
ll) (a)Explain five ways of maintaining soil fertility. 5mks
(b)Explain the factors which affects the spacing of any crop. 5mks
(c)Describe five management practices carried out in a nursery bed. 5mks
(d)Describe the field management practices in tomato production.. 5mks
mm) (a)Describe the effects of land consolidation. 6mks
(b) Explain cultural methods of controlling pests.14mks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 5
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
Section A (30MKS)
1. Name four methods of dehorning in cattle (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. State the function of the following parts of a poultry digestive system(1mk)
Crop-………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Gizzard-……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. State two functions of protein in animal nutrition (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Name four bacterial diseases 2mks
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Name two meat breeds of goat …1mks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. Give four characteristics of a large white breed of pig (2mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. State four ways of restraining cattle during routine management (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. What is meant by the following terms as used in livestock health?
(a) Incubation period (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Mortality rate (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
9. Define the following terms as used in livestock rearing………..2mks
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(a)pullet……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b.cockrel…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
c.piglet……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c.sow…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. What is creep feeding? (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11.State two meat breeds of sheep 2mks
12. Give microbial activities that takes place in the rumen..2mks
13. (a) State 2 functions of cobalt in animal’s body 1MKS
(b)Name two classes of feedstuff 1mk
14. Give 4 mechanical method of tick control 2mks
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15. State structural requirements of a pig house 2mks
16. State 4 disadvantages of using spray race over cattle dip 2mks
17. Give the uses of the following farm tools and equipments 2mks
i) strip cup
ii) milk strainer
Iii) Hacksaw
iv) Centre punch
Section B 20mks
18. Diagram G,H and J illustrates some livestock parasites
J
H
G
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(a) Identify parasites G,H and J (3 mk
G……………………………………….
H……………………………………….
J………………………………………..
(b) Name the parts of the host body where parasites G and J are found (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Name the intermediate host of parasites G and J (2mk)
G……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
J……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(d) Outline four symptoms of attack in livestock by parasite J (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
19. The diagram below illustrates a hoof of a sheep. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow
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(a) Name the routine management practice that should be carried out on the hoof illustrated above(1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) State two reasons for carrying out the management practice in (a) above (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
20. Study the diagrams of workshop tools shown below
(a) Identify the tools labeled E and F (2mk)
E………………………………………………..
F…………………………………………………
(b) What functional advantage does tool E have over tool F? (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Below is a diagram of a farm structure for storing grains. Study it carefully and answer the question that follows
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(i) Identify the farm structure illustrated above ( 1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(ii) State the function of the part labeled M ( 1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) State two maintenance practices that should be carried out on the farm structure illustrated above in readiness for grain storage 2mks
21.Give four functions of a worker bee 2mks
Section c (40mks)
Attempt any two questions
22(a) i) Describe seven signs of ill-health in livestock 7mks
(ii) Outline five uses of a crush in livestock rearing5mks
(b) (i) Name the causal organism of coccidiosis in poultry. (1mk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Apart from poultry name two other animals affected by the disease above. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) Give five symptoms of the disease in poultry. (5mks)
23. (a) Describe the procedure of processing honey wax (8mks
(b) Outline FOUR harmful effects of lice in livestock ( 4MKS )
(c) State five advantages of the top bar beehive (5mks)
d). Give three signs of heat in pigs (3mks)
24. A) Explain six advantages of artificial insemination (A.I) in livestock breeding. (6mks)
(b) Give 5 categories of farm tools and equipment (5mks)
c)outline five characteristics corriedale breed of sheep (5mks)
d)discuss 4 practices carried out on fish before preservations. 4mks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 6
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A: (30 MARKS)
Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided.
1. Give four activities that may be undertaken in organic farming. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. State four harmful effects of wind on crop production (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
3. Give the general name of chemicals used to control;
a) Weeds (½ mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Leaf rust in coffee (½ mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
4. State four practices that can be used to improve water logged clay soils (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. State four factors considered when selecting planting materials (2 marks)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. Give two causes of blossom-end rot in tomatoes (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. Give four pieces of information contained in a land title deed. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. Name three macro-nutrient elements whose deficiency symptom is chlorosis (1½ marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. State two water treatment processes that take place in the coagulation and sedimentation tank.
(1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
10. State four reasons for pruning fruit crops (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
11. State four disadvantages of intercropping (2 marks)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
12. Name three practices carried out to improve and maintain permanent pastures (1½ marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13. State four cultural practices of weed control in beans (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………
14. State four advantages of timely harvesting of crops (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………
15. List three tertiary operations that may be carried out in a seedbed (1½ marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………
16. Give two reasons for locating a nursery bed at a well sheltered place (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
17. List four disadvantages of using compost manure in crop production (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………
18. Give three reasons why timely ploughing of the seedbed is important in crop production.
(1½ marks)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION B: (20 MARKS)
Answer ALL the questions in this section in the spaces provided.
19. A farmer has four plots P1, P2, P3 and P4 as shown in the diagram below. Each of the plots has an agronomic problem as indicated.
P1 P2 P3 P4
a) The farmer intends to grow maize, tomatoes, groundnuts and Rhodes grass. Indicate the crop the farmer should grow in each of the plots (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Outline the procedure of transplanting tree seedlings from polythene sleeves. (3 marks)
Infested with bacterial wilt
Deficient in nitrogen
Infested with witchweed (Striga species)
Prone to soil erosion
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
20. Study the illustration below and answer questions that follow.
a) Identify the management practice indicated above. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Give three problems that could arise if the above practice is not carried out. (3 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
21. The diagram below illustrates an experiment carried out by a Form one student on soil. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
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a) State the aim of experiment above. (1 mark)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Identify the soil samples in each of the funnels labeled Q and R (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Give two ways in which the soil structure of the sample labeled S above can be improved.
(2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
22. The diagram below illustrates a method of preparing compost manure. study it and answer the questions that follow.
a) Identify the method illustrated above. (1 mark)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) By using arrows, indicate the direction of the materials form X to the field (2 marks)
c) State two desirable factors considered when siting compost manure pit. (2 marks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION C: (40 MARKS)
Answer any TWO questions from this section in the answer sheets attached.
23. a) Describe the production of beans under the following sub-topics;
(i) Planting (4 marks)
(ii) Field practices (4 marks)
(iii) Harvesting (4 marks)
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b) Outline six safety measures undertaken in the use of herbicides to minimize environmental pollution. (6 marks)
c) Describe the precautions taken into account during harvesting of cotton (4 marks)
24. a) Explain ten farming practices carried out to control crop diseases (10 marks)
b) Outline six steps followed in the adjudication of land (6 marks)
c) Explain the four different methods of farming (4 marks)
25. a) Explain ten factors that can encourage soil erosion (10 marks)
b) Explain five effects of liberalization of agricultural markets to farming in Kenya
(10 marks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 6
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.
1 State four ways of controlling tsetse flies. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2 Name four breeds of dairy goats. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3 Give four characteristics of a good vaccine. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4 State four advantages of outbreeding in livestock production. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5 Give four factors that affect the quality of honey. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6 Outline three functions of calcium in the body of a dairy cow. (1 ½ mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7 List four cattle diseases caused by virus. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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8 State the function of each of the following.
(a) Plumb bob ( ½ mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Drenching gun ( ½ mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Garden trowel ( ½ mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d) Pipe wrench ( ½ mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
9 State two reasons for seasoning timber before use. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10 State four reasons for culling a breeding boar. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11 State four uses of lubrication system in a tractor. (2mks)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12 Give four observations on the behavior of chicks which would indicate that the temperature in the brooder is too high. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
13 State four ways of stimulating milk let – down in a dairy cow. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
14 State four measures that should be taken to control brucellosis in cattle. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15 Give four conditions that would encourage hens to eat eggs in poultry production. (2mks)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
16 State four advantages of a hedge fence in a farm. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B ( 20 Marks)
Answer all questions in the spaces provided
17 Study the diagram below and answer questions the questions that follow.
(a) Identify the implement illustrated in the diagram. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) What is the method of power transmission for operating implements? (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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(c) State the use of the implement. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(d) Give two maintenance practices for implement A. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
18 Below is a diagram of a rabbit hutch. Use the diagram to answer the questions that follow.
(a) How should the materials used for constructing parts Q and S be treated to last long?
(2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Name the appropriate tools that should be used to cut the materials for constructing parts Q. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Give two reasons for raising the rabbit hutch above the ground level. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
19 Below is an illustration of an internal parasite in livestock
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(a) Identify the parasite. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Name one final host for the parasite. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(c) Name the intermediate host for the parasite. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(d) State two control measures of the parasite. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
20 The illustration below represents the digestive system of poultry. Study the illustration carefully and answer questions that follow.
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(a) Name the parts labeled E , F and G.
E…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1mk)
F………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….(1mk)
G…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………(1mk)
( b) State two ways in which the part labeled G is adapted to its function. (2mks)
SECTION C (40 Marks)
Answer any two questions from this section in the spaces provided.
21 (a) Name the strokes in a four stroke cycle engine and describe how each operates. (12mks)
(b) Describe four physical characteristics that a poultry farmer would use to identify poor layers from a flock of hens. (8mks)
22 (a) Describe the disease milk fever under the following sub headings:
(i) Animals affected (2mks)
(ii) Symptoms (5mks)
(iii) Control measures (3mks)
b) Describe five calf management practices carried out immediately after parturition. (5mks)
c) Outline five qualities of eggs for marketing. (5mks)
23 (a) State and explain five harmful effects of parasites in livestock. (10mks)
b) Describe any five parts and functions of a Zero grazing unit. (10mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 7
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30marks).
Answer all Questions in this section.
1. a) State four characteristics of extensive farming system. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) List two disadvantages of small scale farming. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
2. Name two ways in which predators affect agricultural production. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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3. List down four factors that influence formation of soil. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. State two farming practices that bring about minimum tillage. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Name the function of each of the following chemicals in water treatment.
a) Alum (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Soda ash (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. State two importance of organic matter in the soil. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. State three reasons why green manure is not commonly used in the farms. (1 ½ mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. State four uses of farm records. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. List three importance of phosphorous in crop growth. (1 ½ mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Name four significance of using seeds as planting materials. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. List two importance of tissue culture in propagating crops. (1mk)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. State the difference between the following terms. (2mks)
a) Rogueing
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) Gapping
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
13. State four effects of applying too much nitrogenous fertilizer to crops. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
14. Name four disadvantages of communal land tenure system. (2mkS)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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15. State four precautions farmers should observe when using agro-chemical for their safety and for environmental safety. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
16. State three harmful effects of pests on crops. (1 ½ mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. State three qualities of a good manager in a farm setting. (1 ½ mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
18. State two factors that influence the demand of a commodity. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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SECTION B (20 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section.
19. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow
a) Identify the three harvesting methods shown in the diagrams above. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) Name four sites for agroforestry trees in the farm. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
20. The document below was obtained from one of the books of accounts in kimko’s farm. Study the document and answer the questions that follow.
DAIRY CATTLE
DR
CR
Date
Particulars
Folio
Amount
Sh cts.
Date
2003
Particulars
Folio
Amount
Sh cts.
A
B
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Feb 20th
Feb 30th
Bought 2 bags of dairy meal
1
18,000.00
Feb 10th
Sold 2 heifers
1
12,000.00
a) Identify the book from which the above document was obtained. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) State four importance of keeping proper farm account records. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
21. The diagram below shows pests that affect crops when in the field. Study the diagrams and .
a) Identify the pest J, K and L. (3mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
L
J
K
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b) State two ways of controlling the pest labeled L above. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c) State one crop attacked by the pest labeled J and K above. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
22. The Following weeds were found growing on a maize farm by a form four student. Study the weeds and answer the questions that follow.
a) Name the weeds labeled X, Y and Z above. (3mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
b) State one reason that makes each of the following weeds difficult to control. (2mks)
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(i) X
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(ii) Z
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
c) State one reason why the weed labeled M should not be allowed to grow in the farm. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
SECTION C (40 marks)
Answer only two questions in this section
23. a) Explain five cultural methods a farmer can use to control weeds. (10mks)
b) State and explain five factors considered when establishing nursery bed site. (10mks)
24. a) Describe five ways in which a farmer may adjust to uncertainty and risks in the farm. (10mks)
b) Explain five physical methods used to control crop pests in a crop land. (10mks)
25. a) State five types of information contained in a tittle deed. (5mks)
b) State five methods used to control soil and water pollution. (5mks)
c) State and explain five ways an entrepreneur can use to improve labour productivity in a farm.
(10mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 7
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section.
1. State two reasons of using farm tools and equipment in the farm. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. State three reasons that would make a farmer opt to rear indigenous cattle breeds instead of exotic cattle breeds. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. State three characteristics of Bacterian type of camel. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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4. Name four factors that influence the pulse rate of an animal. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. State three signs of attack by endoparasites a farmer can observe. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. State four factors that determine the amount of food given to an animal. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. Name three reasons that would make a farmer use a machakos dip instead of a plunge dip to control ticks. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8. State four factors considered when selecting construction materials. (2mks)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
9. Name three methods a farmer can use when selecting livestock for breeding. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
10. Mention three signs of heat in a doe. (1 ½ mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
11. Mention four reasons that would make a farmer carry out identification to his herd. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
12. State two diseases that commonly affect bees in bee farming. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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13. State four methods a farmer can use when preserving fish after harvesting. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. State four factors that determine the choice of poultry rearing system that a farmer chooses to use.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
15. State one significance of mobile calf pen in calf rearing. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
16. State two disadvantages of a two stroke engine. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
17. State two factors that could cause sudden stopping of a tractor engine. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
18. State four disadvantages of animal drawn implements over tractor drawn implements. (2mks)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
SECTION B (20MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section.
19. The diagram below shows a tractor drawn implement. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
a) Name the parts A, B, C and D. (4mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) State two advantages of using the above implement over mould- board plough. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) State the function of the parts labeled. (2mks)
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i) A
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
ii) D
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
20. The diagram below shows livestock parasites. Study the diagrams and answer the questions that follow.
a) Identify the parasites X and Y above. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
b) State two effects that are caused by the parasite labeled X on the animal’s body. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
c) Name one disease transmitted by parasite labeled X above. (1mk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
d) State three measures taken to control the parasite labeled Y above. (3mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
21. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
a) Identify the livestock equipment marked E above. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
b) State two reasons that make branding be discouraged as a method of livestock identification.
(1mk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
SECTION C (40 MARKS)
Answer any two questions.
22. a) State five factors that predispose livestock to diseases. (10mks)
b) State and explain five factors a farmer will consider when siting beehives in the farm. (10mks)
23. a) Briefly state and explain five equipment a farmer will need when milking and state their uses.
(10mks)
b) Explain five factors to consider when selecting a breeding stock. (10mks)
24. a) State and explain four materials collected by bees. (8mks)
b) State and explain the use of four equipments a honey harvester would require to have when
harvesting honey. (8mks)
c) List four main reasons that make fish farming popular. (4mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 8
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A 30MKS
1. Define the term shifting cultivation 1mks
2. Differentiate between organic farming and agro forestry.2mk
3. Differentiate between fodder crops and pasture crops (2mks)
4. State four factors determining the quality of tomatoes.2mks
5. List three main ways in which pasture crops can be classified (11/2mks)
6. Define the term soil erosion (1mk)
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7. Distinguish between a dam and a weir (1mk)
8. State 4 benefit of agriculture to our economy. 2mks
9.Give 4 advantages of tissue culture 2 mks
10. State properties of soil that are influenced by its texture.2mks
11. State four post harvest practices carried out on maize grain 2mks
12. Outline government policy that regulate amount of imported good.2mks
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13. Give importance of sub soiling.2mks
14 .Name three types of surface irrigation (11/2mks)
15 .Give Four advantages of sub-surface irrigation (2mks)
16.Outline 4 factors determining number of secondary cultivation when preparing a seedbed.2mks
17. Give 4 factors affecting herbicides selectivity2mks
Section B (20 mks)
18a. The diagram below shows a structure used to collect water in the farm.
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(a) Identify the method of water harvesting above . (1mk) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Give two factors that will determine the amount of water collected from the above mentioned structures. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Outline one maintenance practice that should be carried out on part labeled c above. (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d)Name one other method used to collect water in the farm. (1mk)
C
Output pipe with tapOutput pipe with tapOutput pipe with tap Output pipe with tapOutput pipe with tap Output pipe with tapOutput pipe with tapOutput pipe with tapOutput pipe with tapOutput pipe with tap Output pipe with tapOutput pipe with tap Output pipe with tap
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(e)Describe the procedure of sampling soil for testing. (5mks)
19The diagram below illustrates a feature observed after digging the soil several metres deep Study the diagram carefully and answer the question that follow
a) Identify the feature that the diagram above represents in the study of soil (1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b) What is the name given to the part labeled p(1mrk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c) Give a reason why part b is also reffered to as layer of accumulation (1mrk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
d) State two ways in which the knowledge of the above feature would be of benefit to farmer(2mrks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
20.The diagram below shows a method of crop propagation .Study it and answer the questions that follow
a) Identify the method (1mrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b.Name two crops that can be propagated using this method.(2mksmrk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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c. Give two ingredients used when preparing the above activities.(2mks )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………..
section c 40 mks(Answer any two question in this section)
21(a) Outiline four Importance of treating water (4mks)
(b) Explain four factors influencing crop rotation. (8mks)
-(C)Explain Factors influencing soil erosion (8×1=8mks
22. (a)Explain Importance of drainage as a land reclamation method 5×2=10mks
b)state reasons for carrying out minimum tillage (5mks)
(c)Outline Factors determining the quality of farm yard manure (5mks)
23(a)Describe planting of carrot under the following subheadings
(i) Planting (5 x 1 = 5mks)
(ii) Field management (5 x 1 = 5 mks)
b).Outline Importance of organic matter.(5 x 1 = 5mks)
c)State Four benefits of soil structure in crop production.5mks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 8
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A- 30 MARKS (ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIIONS
1. Give four reasons maintaining farm tools. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Name four complementary tools. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Name the following breeds of livestock. 3mks
i. A black pig with white shoulders and white forelegs.………………………………
ii. White rabbit with red eyes ………………………………
iii. A camel with two humps………………………
4. (a) State four importance of keeping livestock healthy 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Give three physical appearance of an animal to be observed when checking on the health of an animal. 1½mks
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Name four nutritional diseases of livestock. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. State four effects of external parasite on livestock production. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Give four mechanical methods of controlling ticks. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. State 3 characteristics of succulent roughages. 1 1/2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. List down the four compartments of a ruminant stomach. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. (a)What is selection in livestock production? 1mk
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Name two methods of selection. 1½mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. What is the role of the following parts of the reproduction systems in livestock. 2mks
i. Ovary
………………………………………………..
ii. Uterus
…………………………………………………
iii. Fallopian tube
…………………………………………………………………..
iv. Testis
……………………………………………………………………
12. Give three signs of heat in a rabbit. 1½mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. Give four reason why castration is done in livestock production. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. State four reasons as to why bees would swarm away. 2mks
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B(20marks)
15. Below are different method of identifying farm animals .Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow.
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a. Name the methods of identification . 2mks
i. …………………………………….
ii. ……………………………………
iii. …………………………………….
iv. ……………………………………….
b. Name the tool that is used to identify in B above. 1mk
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
c. Give two reasons for identifying farm animals. 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
16. Below are parts of a building .Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.
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a. Name the part labeled . 2mks
A……………………………………………………………………
B…………………………………………………………………….
C…………………………………………………………………….
D……………………………………………………………………..
b. What is the use of a crush. Give four . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c. Give four qualities of a good calf pen. 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. Below is a diagram of rearing birds. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow.
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a. Identify the system shown above. 1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………….
b. Name the parts labeled A,B,C and D. 2mks
A……………………………………………………………………………..
B………………………………………………………………………….
C…………………………………………………………………………..
D………………………………………………………………………….
c. What are the advantages of using this system when rearing birds. Give two. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
18. A farmer wishes to prepare a ration containing 18 and the feedstuff available are maize 7%DCP and sunflower seed cake 34%.
a. Using a Pearson square method, compute a 100kg of the ration . 3mks
b. Calculate the amount of each feed stuff required. 1mk
SECTION C 40MKS(ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS FROM THIS SECTION)
19. (a)Describe the advantages of Artificial insemination.(AI) 10mks
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(b)Describe Anthrax under the following subheading.
i. Animal affected. 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
ii. Causal organism 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
iii. Symptoms 5mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
iv. Control measures 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
20. (a) Compare and contrast the digestive system of a ruminant and a non-ruminant. 7mks
(b) Describe the uses of fences in a farm. 10mks
(c)Outline the work of worker bees in a bee colony 3mks
21. (a) Give five causes of cannibalism in poultry 5mks
(b)Describe the symptoms of roundworm infestation in livestock. 7mks
(c)Describe the control measures for cannibalism in layers. 8mks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 9
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the space provided.
1. Give four advantages of intensive farming. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. State four benefits of agroforestry to a maize crop. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Name the plant part used for vegetative propagation of each of the following plants.
(i) Sisal (½ mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Pyrethrum (½ mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) Sweet potatoes (½ mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………
(iv) Sugar cane (½ mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………
4. State four cultural ways of controlling couch grass (2mks)
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Name three sources of underground water (1½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. State three causes of blossom end of rot in tomatoes (1½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. Give three qualities of a good green manuring plant (1½mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. State four reasons for practicing minimum tillage. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. Name four farm records that should be kept by a poultry farmer. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Give three ways in which pastures are classified (1½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. State four ways in which land reforms can be implemented in Kenya. (2mks)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. State four factors that determine the stage at which a crop is harvested. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………
13. Give four beneficial effects of weeds to a farmer. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………
14. Give four advantages of practicing crop rotation. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. Name four methods of controlling pests. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
16. Distinguish between intensive hedgerow and border planting forms of agroforestry (2mk)
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B (20 MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.
17. The following illustrations show different production function curves in agricultural economics. Study them and answer the questions which follows;
(a) Identify the production function curves labeled A, B and C
A ……………………………………………………………………………….. (1mk)
B ……………………….……………………………………………………… (1mk)
C. ………………………………………………………………………………. (1mk)
(b) What does the law derived from the production function labeled C state? (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
(c)
(i) Which one of the three production functions curves is rare in Agriculture (1mk)
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(ii) Give a reason for your answer in (i) above (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
18. The table below shows the population and gross domestic products of countries A and B
Country
Gross Domestic product (million Ksh)
Population (million)
A
1800
36
B
1200
15
(a) Calculate the per capita income for each country show your working (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) Which of the two countries is more developed economically (1mk)
…………………………………..…………………………………………………………..
(c) Give a reason for your answer in (b) above (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(d) How can agriculture increase the gross domestic product of a country (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………….
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19. The diagram below illustrate investigation on a property of soil using soil samples labeled J, K and L.
(a) Name the property of soil being investigated (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) What is the relationship between the soil property above and the size of soil particles? (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Which soil sample would be suitable for growing paddy rice? (1mk)
…………………………………..………………………………………………………
(d) Give a reason for your answer in (c) above (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
20. The following is a list of nutrients: copper, calcium, nitrogen, molybodenum, zinc, phosphorus, carbon, sulphur, iron and magnesium. Which of the above nutrients are;
(a) Macro – nutrients (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(b) Micro – nutrient (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Fertilizer elements (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
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(d) Liming elements (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………….
(e) Primary macro nutrients (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided after question.
21.
(a) Explain five functions of a live fence in a farm. (5mks)
(b) Describe various risks and uncertainties in crop farming (10mks)
(c) State five functions of young farmers clubs in Kenya (5mks)
22.
(a) Explain five factors that should be considered in farm planning (10mks)
(b) Explain the different ways in which each of the following environmental factors influence crop production.
(i) Wind (5mks)
(ii) Temperature (5mks)
23.
(a) Outline the information contained in a purchase order. (5mks)
(b) Describe the harvesting of tea (7mks)
(c) Explain the cultural methods of controlling soil erosion (8mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 9
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A (30MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the space provided.
1. Give four signs of ill health in livestock. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. List four materials that can be used in the construction of Kenya top bar hive. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. State four management practices carries out on a cows during parturition. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Name four methods of controlling Newcastle disease in chicken (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. State the role of the following practices when rearing piglets
(i) Iron injection. (½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Tooth clipping (½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………
6. State two functions of fats and oils in animals body. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………
7. State two functions of a queen bee in a colony (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Name four species of fresh water fish reared in Kenya. (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………
9. State two forms in which tapeworms are found in livestock (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………………………………………………
10. Give the distinguishing colour for each of the following breeds of livestock
(i) Chinchilla rabbit (½mks)
……………………………………..………………………………………………………
(ii) Toggen burg goat (½mks)
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……………………………….……………………………………………………………
11. State two functions of ventilation in an animal house (2mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. Give two reasons for using litter in a poultry house. (2mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………
13. State one role of each of the following ingredients as used in preparation of artificial colostrums. (2mks)
(a) Castor oil
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(b) Cod liver oil
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
14. State four reasons for breeding animals. (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………
15. State the functions of each of the following
(a) Shovel (½mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Strip cup (½mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
16. Why is it necessary to have guard rails in a farrowing pen? (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. Distinguish between the following practices as used in livestock production.
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(a) Cropping and harvesting in fish farming (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………….……………………………………………………………..
(b) Crutching and ringing in sheep management (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………….
18. State three instances when a bee keeper may handle bees. (1½mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………
19. State three functions of rumen in ruminant animals (1½mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………
20. Give two signs that indicate that a cow has died of anthrax. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
21. Why is it raddling essential in sheep management. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………
SECTION B (20 MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.
22.
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(a) If the maize meal contains 60% digestable crude protein (DCP) and Fish contains (64% DCP, calculate the amount of each feed stuff in Kilogrammes required to prepare 200kg of chickmash containing 18% DCP. (4mks)
(b) Name two other feed ingredients which should be added to the chickmash to make it a balanced diet. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
23. The figure below is a pig with some body paints. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
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(i) A farmer wants to select a breeding stock. State the three physical qualities the farmer should asses in order to select a pig. (3mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………….
b) Study the illustration below of a hard flow foundation in a farm structure.
i) Name the parts labeled Rand T (2mks)
ii) State three advantages of concrete floor. (3mks)
T
X
R
W
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24. The diagram below represents some farm tools
(a) State the use of each tool on the farm. (4mks)
S
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
U
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
V
………………………………………………………………………………………….
Y
…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(b) Explain two maintenance practices that should be carried out on the teeth of tools in the diagram. (2mks)
S
V
TeethTeethTeethTeethTeeth
Y
U
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SECTION C
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided after question 26.
25.
(a) Explain the factors considered when culling livestock. (5mks)
(b) Explain five factors considered when siting a cattle dip. (5mks)
(c) Give four conditions necessary for artificial incubation. (4mks)
(d) Outline the factors a farmer should consider to ensure fast and efficient cultivation by oxen. (6mks)
26.
(a) Describe East Coast Feaver (ECF) under the following sub headings.
(i) Animal attacked (1mk)
(ii) Causal organism (1mk)
(iii) Signs of infection (5mks)
(iv) Control measures (3mks)
(b) Explain seven factors that affect milk composition in a dairy farming. (7mks)
(c) State the advantages of a four stroke engine over a two stroke engine oil. (3mks)
27.
(a) Describe the feeding practices in artificial rearing of a dairy calf. (10mks)
(b) Describe the life cycle of a three host tick. (10mks)
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KCSE PREDICTOR 10
443/1
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 1
Time: 2 HOURS
SECTION A(30mks)Attempt all the questions in this section.
1. Give two conditions under which shifting cultivation can be practiced. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Differentiate between apiculture and aquaculture. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Give four government policies which influence Agricultural production… 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. State four methods of clearing land. 2mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. State four importance for treating water for domestic use. 2mks
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
6. Give four qualities of a fertile soil. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
7. State four types of farm records… 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Give four role of nitrogen in a plant. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
9. State four factors which influence the rooting of a cutting . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Give four reasons for growing seedling in a nursery . 2mks
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
11. Name two methods of pruning . 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
12. Give two causes of blossom end rot in tomatoes. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. Define the following terms as used in Agriculture.
12. Land sub-division 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
13. Land consolidation. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
14. State four harmful effects of weed. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
15. State two categories under which pest can be classified or mode of feeding. 2mks
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
16. Name four causes of crop diseases. 2mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION B:20mks:Attempt all questions in this section.
17. Below is a diagram of one of the tertially practices that are carried out in land preparation. Study it and answer the questions below
15. Identify the tertially practice shown above. 1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………
16. Give four reasons for carrying out the above practice. (2mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
17. Apart from the above practice name any other two tertiary practices that are carried out in a farm (1mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
18. The table below is one of the record that is kept by livestock farmer in the farm
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Dam No
Breed colour
Parents: sire
Dam
1st Service
2nd service
3rd serivice
4th service
Remarks
No of service
Date of service
Date of service
Date of service
Date of service
Time of service
Time of service
Time of service
Time of service
A
…….
Bull No Breed
Bull No Breed
Bull no Breed
B……
Result……………….
Expected date of calving
C…………………………………..
Weight of calf at birth
Sex of the calf
No of calf
k) Identify the type of record. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………
l) Fill in the blank spaces 3mks
A……………………………………………………
B……………………………………………………………
C…………………………………………………………………
19. A farmer was advised to apply 150 kg of CAN/ha,while top dressing the maize crop.CAN contains 21% N.Calculate the amount of Nitrogen applied per ha. 4mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
20. Below are various pegging methods of tea. Study them and answer the questions that follows.
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m) Identify the pegging methods shown above. 112𝑚𝑘𝑠
A-
B–
C
n) Apart from the above method .Name any other method which is used to bring tea to bearing. 1mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………
o) Give one advantage of using the method given in b above. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………..
p) State one reason why the method in (b) above is not commonly used.½mk
……………………………………………………………………………………………..
21. Below are some of the common weeds in Kenya. Study them and answer the questions which follow.
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8. Identify the weeds A,B,C D. 2MKS
……………………………………………………………………………………………
9. What contributes to the competitive ability of weed C 1mk
…………………………………………………………………………………………
10. Why is it difficult to control weed E and weed F. 1mk
………………………………………………………………………………………………
SECTION C(Attempt two questions in this section.(40mks)
22. (a)Describe the advantages of organic farming in Kenya. 5mks
(b)Explain the overall effects of HIV/AIDS and ill health on Agricultural production.5mks
(c)Describe five reasons of carrying out minimum tillage in agriculture production.5mks
(d)Describe the uses of water in a farm . 5mks
23. (a)Explain five ways of maintaining soil fertility. 5mks
(b)Explain the factors which affects the spacing of any crop. 5mks
(c)Describe five management practices carried out in a nursery bed. 5mks
(d)Describe the field management practices in tomato production.. 5mks
24. (a)Describe the effects of land consolidation. 6mks
(b) Explain cultural methods of controlling pests.14mks
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KCSE PREDICTOR 10
443/2
AGRICULTURE
PAPER 2
Section A (30MKS)
1. Name four methods of dehorning in cattle (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. State the function of the following parts of a poultry digestive system(1mk)
Crop-………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Gizzard-……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. State two functions of protein in animal nutrition (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Name four bacterial diseases 2mks
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Name two meat breeds of goat …1mks ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
6. Give four characteristics of a large white breed of pig (2mk)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. State four ways of restraining cattle during routine management (2mks)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
8. What is meant by the following terms as used in livestock health?
(a) Incubation period (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(b) Mortality rate (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
9. Define the following terms as used in livestock rearing………..2mks
(a)pullet……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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b.cockrel…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
c.piglet……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
c.sow………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
10. What is creep feeding? (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………………………………………
11.State two meat breeds of sheep 2mks
12. Give microbial activities that takes place in the rumen..2mks
13. (a) State 2 functions of cobalt in animal’s body 1MKS
(b)Name two classes of feedstuff 1mks
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14. Give 4 mechanical method of tick control 2mks
15. State structural requirements of a pig house 2mks
16. State 4 disadvantages of using spray race over cattle dip 2mks
17. Give the uses of the following farm tools and equipments 2mks
i) strip cup
ii) milk strainer
Iii) Hacksaw
iv) Centre punch
Section B 20mks
18. Diagram G,H and J illustrates some livestock parasites
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(a) Identify parasites G,H and J (3 mk
G……………………………………….
H……………………………………….
J………………………………………..
(b) Name the parts of the host body where parasites G and J are found (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Name the intermediate host of parasites G and J (2mk)
G……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
J……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(d) Outline four symptoms of attack in livestock by parasite J (2mks)
J
H
G
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……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
19. The diagram below illustrates a hoof of a sheep. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow
(a) Name the routine management practice that should be carried out on the hoof illustrated above(1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
(b) State two reasons for carrying out the management practice in (a) above (2mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
20. Study the diagrams of workshop tools shown below
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(a) Identify the tools labeled E and F (2mk)
E………………………………………………..
F…………………………………………………
(b) What functional advantage does tool E have over tool F? (1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(c) Below is a diagram of a farm structure for storing grains. Study it carefully and answer the question that follows
(i) Identify the farm structure illustrated above ( 1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
(ii) State the function of the part labeled M ( 1mk)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(iii) State two maintenance practices that should be carried out on the farm structure illustrated above in readiness for grain storage 2mks
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21.Give four functions of a worker bee 2mks
Section c (40mks)
Attempt any two questions
22(a) i) Describe seven signs of ill-health in livestock 7mks
(ii) Outline five uses of a crush in livestock rearing5mks
(b) (i) Name the causal organism of coccidiosis in poultry. (1mk)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Apart from poultry name two other animals affected by the disease above. (2mks)
(iii) Give five symptoms of the disease in poultry. (5mks)
23. (a) Describe the procedure of processing honey wax (8mks
(b) Outline FOUR harmful effects of lice in livestock ( 4MKS )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(c) State five advantages of the top bar beehive (5mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
d). Give three signs of heat in pigs (3mks)
24. A) Explain six advantages of artificial insemination (A.I) in livestock breeding. (6mks)
(b) Give 5 categories of farm tools and equipment (5mks)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
c)outline five characteristics corriedale breed of sheep (5mks)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
d)discuss 4 practices carried out on fish before preservations. 4mks
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
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END
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